Biography of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Tudor

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 19 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Son of Henry VII King England and Ireland

Kings Scotland: Great x 13 Grand Son of Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France

Timeline

On 28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII was created as Duke Cornwall

On 28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent

In 1494 Henry VIII was created 1st Duke York (3C 1494)

Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

On 18 Feb 1504 Henry VIII was created as Prince Wales and Earl Chester (8C 1504). John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 was created as Knight of the Bath. Richard Empson 1450-1510 was knighted.

On 21 Apr 1509 Henry VIII succeeded VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor

On 23 Jun 1509 Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon were married at the Church of the Observant Friars, Greenwich, Kent.

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 24 Jun 1509 Henry VIII was crowned VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey. Catherine of Aragon was created Queen Consort England.
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521, Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 was knighted. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.

Before Oct 1509 Richard Empson 1450-1510 was imprisoned by Henry VIII for constructive treason

Birth and Death of Prince Henry

On 01 Jan 1511 Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 was born to Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon at Richmond Palace. Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 was appointed as Duke Cornwall.

Birth and Death of Prince Henry

In Feb 1511 Henry VIII celebrated the birth of his son by holding a magnificent tournament at Westminster.The challengers included Henry VIII who fought as Cuere Loyall, Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 as Bon Vouloir, Edward Neville Master 1471-1538 as Joyeulx Penser, Thomas Knyvet 1485-1512 as Valiant Desyr and Thomas Tyrrell -1551.
On Day 1 of the tournament the Answerers included: William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547, Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent 1495-1562, Thomas Cheney 1485-1558, Richard Blount and Robert Morton.
On Day 2 of the tournament the Answerers included: Richard Tempest, Thomas Lucy, Henry Guildford, Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539, Richard Grey, Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane 1479-1541, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554, Edmund Howard 1478-1539 and Henry Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1479-1523.

Battle of the Spurs

On 16 Aug 1513 Henry VIII fought at Thérouanne during the Battle of the Spurs.Henry's army included George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (commanded), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530, Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529, Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 and Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552. John "Tilbury Jack" Arundell 1495-1561, William Compton 1482-1528, John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 and William Hussey 1472-1531 was knighted by Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525 and Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor 1467-1543 was created as Knight Banneret.

On 25 Sep 1513 John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 was knighted by Henry VIII at Tournai

Birth of Princess Mary

On 18 Feb 1516 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 was born to Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent. Margaret Bourchier 1st Baroness Bryan 1468-1552 was created 1st Baron Bryan.

On 15 Jun 1519 Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke 1519-1536 was born to Henry VIII and Elizabeth "Bessie" Blount Baroness Clinton, Baroness Tailboys 1502-1539 at Augustinian Priory of St Lawrence, Ingatestone, Blackmore, Essex

Field of the Cloth of Gold

On Jun 1520 Henry VIII hosted Field of the Cloth of Gold at Balinghem. Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 carried the Sword of State. John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 attended as Henry VIII's chaplain. Edmund Braye 1st Baron Braye 1484-1539, Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1478-1521, Anthony Poyntz 1480-1533, William Coffin Master 1495-1538, William "Great" Courtenay 1477-1535, Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542, William Paston 1479-1554, William Denys 1470-1533, Richard Cecil 1495-1553, William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547, Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549, John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562, Henry Guildford Master 1489-1532, Marmaduke Constable 1480-1545, William Compton 1482-1528, William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy 1478-1534, Thomas Cheney 1485-1558, Henry Willoughby 1451-1528, John Rodney 1461-1528, John Marney 2nd Baron Marney 1484-1525, William Sidney 1482-1554, John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540, Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550, Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525, Robert Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Broke, 10th Baron Latimer 1472-1521, Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 and Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529 attended. William Carey 1500-1528 jousted. Margaret Dymoke 1500-1545 attended. William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne 1470-1540 organised. Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 attended.

Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

On 17 May 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 was executed at Tower Hill for no specific reason other than his having a significant amount of Plantagenet blood and was, therefore, considered a threat by Henry VIII. He was posthumously attainted by Act of Parliament on 31 July 1523, disinheriting his children.

Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor

On May 1522 Henry VIII met with Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 at Dover, Kent. William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy 1478-1534, William Compton 1482-1528, John Marney 2nd Baron Marney 1484-1525 and John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 were present. Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor

Around 1525 Unknown Artist.Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy, Henry VIII's illegitimate son, was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, 1st Earl Lincoln (7C 1525) at Bridewell Palace by his father Henry VIII.
Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 was created 1st Earl Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor Carlisle Castle.
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 was created 1st Marquess Exeter (1C 1525).
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 was created 1st Earl Rutland (3C 1525).
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 carried the Sword of State. Thomas More 1478-1535 read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530, ! Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554, William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 and John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 attended.
Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 and Eleanor Brandon 1519-1547 were married at Bridewell Palace.

On 04 Mar 1526 Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 was born to William Carey 1500-1528 and Mary Boleyn 1499-1543.There is speculation among historians that his father may actually have been Henry VIII who was known to have had an affair with Mary Boleyn 1499-1543 although the precise dates are unknown.

On 19 Oct 1526 Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580 became a ward of Henry VIII.

On 01 Mar 1528 Henry VIII sold the wardship of Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580 to Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 who subsequently married her.

In 1529 John Mundy Lord Mayor -1537 was knighted by Henry VIII

On 11 Nov 1530 Giles Alington 1499-1586 was knighted by Henry VIII at Whitehall Palace, Westminster

On Dec 1531 Rhys ap Gruffydd Deheubarth 1508-1531 was executed by Henry VIII for treason for purportedly for inscribing the name Fitz Uryan on his armour at City of London

On 01 Sep 1532 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 was created 1st Marquess Pembroke with Henry VIII performing the investiture at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539, Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545, Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554, Eleanor Paston Baroness Ros Helmsley 1495-1551, Jean Dinteville, Edward Lee Archbishop York 1482-1544, John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 were present. Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester 1483-1555 read the Patent of Creation .

Henry and Anne Visit France

Around Nov 1532 Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 met with Francis I King France 1494-1547 at Calais. Henry Howard 1516-1547 was present.

In 1533 Henry VIII granted William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 to inpark 600 acres of meadow, pasture and wood and build fortifications at Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst, Sussex.

In 1533 William Holles Lord Mayor 1471-1542 was knighted by Henry VIII

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

On 25 Jan 1533 Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 were married by Rowland Leigh Bishop Coventry and Lichfield at Whitehall Palace. Thomas Heneage 1480-1553 and Henry Norreys 1482-1536 witnessed.

Statute in Restraint of Appeals

In Mar 1533 Parliament enacted the Statute in Restraint of Appeals by which Henry VIII forbade all appeals to the Pope in Rome on religious or other matters, making the King the final legal authority in all such matters in England, Wales, and other English possessions.Considered to be a cornerstone of the English Reformation.

Cranmer declares Henry and Catherine's Marriage Invalid

On 23 May 1533 Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury declared the marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon invalid.

On 07 Sep 1533 Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 was born to Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536.

First Act of Supremacy

On 03 Nov 1534 Parliament enacted the First Act of Supremacy by which Henry VIII and his heirs were declared to be Supreme Head of the Church of England.Henry had now abandoned Rome completely.

On 21 Aug 1535 Nicholas Poyntz 1510-1556 visited by Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 at Acton Court, Iron Acton, Gloucestershire

1536 Hans "The Younger" Holbein 1497-. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547

Henry VIII Tournament

On 24 Jan 1536 Henry VIII held a tournament at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent some two weeks after Catherine of Aragon died. Henry VIII was badly injured badly causing him to suffer with a wound in his leg thereafter.It is reported the injury caused a change in Henry's character thereafter becoming increasingly despotic.

Funeral of Catherine of Aragon

On 29 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon was buried at Chancel, Peterborough Cathedral, Peterborough, Northamptonshire at a service for a Princess rather than Queen. Eleanor Brandon 1519-1547 was Chief Mourner. Henry VIII refused their daughter Henry VIII permission to attend.On the same day Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 miscarried a boy; regarded as the start of Anne's demise.

Betrothal of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour

On 20 May 1536 Henry VIII and Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 were betrothed the day after Anne Boleyn had been beheaded..

Marriage of Henry VII and Jane Seymour

On 30 May 1536 Henry VIII and Jane Seymour were married at Whitehall Palace by Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester. Jane was appointed as Queen Consort England.

Bigod's Rebellion

In Jan 1537 Bigod's Rebellion was a rebellion in Cumberland and Westmoreland against Henry VIII.

On 12 Oct 1537 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was born to Henry VIII and Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey

Around 1538 Nicholas Bacon 1510-1579 was given the manors of Redgrave, Suffolk, Botesdale, Suffolk and Gislingham, Suffolk in Suffolk, and Gorhambury, Hertfordshire by Henry VIII.

Exeter Conspiracy

In Nov 1538 the Exeter Conspiracy was an attempt to overthrow Henry VIII and replace him with Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter, grandson of Edward VI, and Henry's first cousin. Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 presided. John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 sat in judgement. Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541 was juror.

In Jul 1539 Henry VIII visited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst, Sussex.

In Jul 1539 Henry VIII visited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst, Sussex.

1540 Hans "The Younger" Holbein 1497-. Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Anne of Cleves Marriage

On 06 Jan 1540 Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves were married by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent. Anne of Cleves was crowned Queen Consort England..

On 10 Mar 1540 Thomas Jermyn 1482-1552 was knighted by Henry VIII

Marriage of Catherine Howard

On 28 Apr 1540 Henry VIII and Catherine Howard were married at Oatlands Palace. Catherine Howard was appointed as Queen Consort England.

Catherine Howard Trial

On 01 Nov 1541 Henry VIII received a warrant for Catherine's arrest from Archbishop Cranmer at Chapel Royal, Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey.

In 1542 Hugh "The Elder" Cholmondeley 1513-1596 was knighted by Henry VIII

Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Parr

On 12 Jul 1543 Henry VIII and Catherine Parr were married at Hampton Court Palace. Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548 was crowned as Queen Consort England. Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox 1515-1578 attended.

Christening of Henry Wriothesley

On 24 Apr 1545 Henry Wriothesley, the future 2nd Earl Southamptin, was christened at St Andrew's Church, Holborn, Greater London.His godparents were Henry VIII, Henry's daughter Mary Tudor and Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk.

On 21 May 1545 Robert Townshend -1556 was knighted by Henry VIII at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey

In Aug 1545 Henry VIII visited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst, Sussex.

On 30 Dec 1546 Henry VIII made his last revision to his will signed using the Dry Stamp that was used increasingly commonly.The will confirmed the succession as Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553, Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 and Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603.
The will appointed sixteen executors: Anthony Browne 1500-1548, Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556, Anthony Denny 1501-1549, John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553, William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570, Edward Montagu 1485-1557, Edward North 1st Baron North 1496-1564, William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563, William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572, John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555, Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552, Cuthbert Tunstall Bishop Durham 1474-1559, Edward Paternal 1489-1551, Nicholas Paternal 1497-1567 and Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl Southampton 1505-1550.

On 28 Jan 1547 Henry VIII died at Whitehall Palace.Death of Henry VIII

Funeral of King Henry VIII

On 16 Feb 1547 Henry VIII was buried in the Henry VIII Vault, Quire, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 attended.

On 16 Feb 1547 Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl Southampton 1505-1550 was created 1st Earl Southampton (2C 1547) in accordance with Henry VIII 's will for which he was nominated executor. Jane Cheney Countess Southampton by marriage Earl Southampton (2C 1547).

Pilgrimage of Grace

In 1536 the North rose against religious policies of Henry VIII. Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 condemned the traitors. John Neville 3rd Baron Latimer Snape 1493-1543 was implicated. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554, Henry Howard 1516-1547 and Edmund Knyvet 1508-1551 undertook the suppression of the rebels.

In 1530 the Prior of Llanthony Priory, Llanthony, Vale Ewyas, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales sent cheese, carp and baked lamphreys to Henry VIII at Windsor, Berkshire

On 04 Feb 1512 Henry VIII re-convened his 2nd Parliament. The Procession was recorded on a Parliamentary Rolls as follows:

On 09 Jul 1540 Henry VIII's marriage to Anne of Cleves was annulled.

Ancestry

Father: Henry VII King England and Ireland

GrandFather: Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond

Great GrandFather: Owen Tudor

Great Great GrandFather: Maredudd Tudor

Great GrandMother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England

Great Great GrandFather: Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France

Great Great GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France

GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort Marchioness Suffolk

Great GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset

Great Great GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset

Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence

Great GrandMother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset

Great Great GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe

Great Great GrandMother: Edith Stourton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe

Mother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England

GrandFather: Edward IV King England

Great GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales

Great Great GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge

Great Great GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge

Great GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York

Great Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland

Great Great GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland

GrandMother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England

Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers

Great Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville

Great Great GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate

Great GrandMother: Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford

Great Great GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol

Great Great GrandMother: Margherita Baux