Livery Collars

Lancastrian Esses Collar

After 1399. St Mary's Church, Acton, Cheshire. Monument to William Mainwaring -1399. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget) Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Ass's Head Crest.

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After 1400. Monument to John Marmion 1343-1387 and Elizabeth St Quentin -1400. St Nicholas Church, West Tanfield, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire. Camail and Jupon Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Arse Girdle. Feathered Crest.

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After 1406. All Saints Church, Kedleston, Derbyshire. Monument to John Curzon -1406. Fluted Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar.

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After 1423. St John the Baptist Church, Tideswell, Derbyshire. Thurstan de Bower -1423 and Margaret. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget) Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Basinet with decorated orle and writing.

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After 1426. St Andrew's Church, Greystoke, Cumberland. Monument to John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke 1389-1426. Fluted Period. His pauldrons (shoulder plates), are unusual in their style. His arms are fully encased in plate with a couter (or coude) protecting the elbow joint. Fine detail of the straps that held the armour in place may be seen on the underarms. A gorget, or neck armour, has replaced the camail. His head is, very unusually, bare as is his face, his hair cut in the style so typical of portraits of Henry V. Gardner1 states It is a remarkable fact that before 1440 the bare-headed warrior is almost unknown, while after 1455 the helmeted knight is almost equally rare. This may suggest the effigy was made somewhat after John's death or, possibly, that the effigy has been incorrectly assigned. His head rests on the decorated tournament helm. He wears the Lancastrian Esses Collar. John had supported the usurpation of Richard II by Henry IV in the 1390s; staunch Lancastrians. John had married, in 1407, Elizabeth Ferrers, daughter of Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III. Two sword belts: diagonal (bawdric) and horizontal. The jupon, beneath the waist has been replaced by a fauld; horizontal strips of metal that wrap around..

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After 1426. All Saints Church, Harewood, West Yorkshire, Yorkshire. Monument to Richard Redman Master 1350-1426 and Elizabeth Aldeburgh 1362-1417. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget) Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar albeit interwoven with another device. Horses Head Crest. Elaborate Crespine Headress.

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Around 1430. St Mary the Virgin Church, North Aston, Oxfordshire. Believed to be a Monument to John Anne -1554 but the armour would suggest it is around a hundred years or so earlier than his death in 1554. Finely carved in alabaster. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget) Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Lion Pendant. Fine Bedesmen on the chest. Dog(s) chewing at her dress.

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After 1432. St Chad's Church, Longford, Derbyshire. Monument to Ralph Longford 1400-1432. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget) Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Arse Girdle.

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After 1438. Monument to John Cockayne 1370-1438. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget) Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Cockerel Crest (most of which is missing). Butterfly Headress.

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After 1439. All Saints Church, Harewood, West Yorkshire, Yorkshire. Monument to William Rhyther 1379-1440 and Sybil Aldeburgh 1363-1439. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget) Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Crespine Headress.

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After 1447. Monument to William Phelip 6th Baron Bardolf 1383-1441 and Joan Bardolf 6th Baroness Bardolf 1390-1447 in St Mary's Church, Dennington, Suffolk. Early Plate Period (Bascinet and Gorget) Period. Feathered Crest. Detail of the Wyvern on which her feet rest. Detail of Eagle, possibly hawk, on which his feet rest. Crespine Headress covering her hair. He wearing a bascinet with orle and IHC lettering. Both wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar. Leg Garter below the left knee.

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After 1456. All Saints Church, Kedleston, Derbyshire. Monument to John Curzon 1380-1456 and Joan Bagot. Fluted Period. Eagle Crest. Lancastrian Esses Collar.

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After 1487. All Saints Church, Harewood, West Yorkshire, Yorkshire. Monument to William Gascoigne 1452-1487 and Margaret Percy 1447-. Fluted Period. Alabaster chest tomb with a fine array of weepers, possibly their children although too many, women one side, nine men the other, one of which appears with angels wings, possible children and spouses. He wearing a variation of the Lancastrian Esses Collar collar being SOSOS. Clean shaved, no bascinet, his head resting on a helm with bulls head crest. His armour plate over which there appears to be, unusually for the period, a tabard. The left hand side of his face appears disfigured. Possibly a war wound. She wearing the widow's barbe. Note. Gardner describes this monument as being to Sir John Nevill of Womersley, died 1482.

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After 1492. Monument to Thomas Fitzwilliam 1448-1492 and Lucy Neville 1468-1534. Originally located in Tickhill Friary, Tickhill, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire the tomb was moved to St Mary's Church, Tickhill, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire at the Dissolution in 1538. Restored in 2012. The alabaster chest tomb believed to be one of the earliest examples of Italianate carving. The Lancastrian Esses Collar highly unusual; unique even but then so is the armour.

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After 1526. St Peter's Church, Elford, Staffordshire. Monument to William Smythe 1480-1526, Anne Staunton -1529 and Isabel Neville 1457-1516. Tudor Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Dog(s) chewing at her dress. Gabled Headress with Lappets. Swirling Lions Tail.

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1527. Hans "The Younger" Holbein 1497- (30) . Portrait of Thomas More 1478-1535 (48) wearing his Lancastrian Esses Collar

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After 1528.St Leonard's Church, Wollaton, Nottinghamshire. Monument to Henry Willoughby 1451-1528. A fine chest tomb monument in sandstone (rather than alabaster), somewhat damaged, with his four wives, two each side. Early Lancastrian Esses Collar somehwat unusual given the 1528 date of his death. Sphinx Crest. Cadaver underneath. Henry Willoughby's Arms including Willoughby top left hand corner (water bougets from Willoughy family original name Bugge).

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After 1530. St Oswald's Church, Malpas, Cheshire. Monument to Randle Brereton 1480-1530 and Eleanor Dutton 1484-1522. Alabaster. Tudor Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Dogs Head Crest. Dog(s) chewing at her dress. Possibly Burton Harpur and Moorecock; Swirling Lions Tail.

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After 1540. Church of St John The Baptist, Kinlet, Cleobury Mortimer, Shropshire. Monument to John Blount 1469-1531 and Catherine Peshall -1540. Tudor Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Long bobbed hair, no facial hair. Bare hands; gauntlets at the right side of the legs. She wearing a short Gabled Headress. Chest tomb somewhat of the wrong period ie Renaissance suggesting this may be a replacement effigy, or re-used. Probably carved by Richard Parker of Burton on Trent.

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Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar

After 1465. All Saints Church, Harewood, West Yorkshire, Yorkshire. Monument to William Gascoigne 1409-1465 and Margaret Clarell. Fluted Period. Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. His bare head, with finely detailed hair, no facial hair, rests on an unusual helm which appears to be a Maiden's Face, with an orle. Below the waist faulds and tasses under which mail may be seen. Both rest on a chest tomb with finely detailed weepers on each side. She, on his right, with a Widow's Barbe (from the French for beard) drawn up to her chin at the finely carved end of her dress two dogs, one pulling at the foldsDog(s) chewing at her dress.

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After 1473. Church of St Barlok, Norbury, Staffordshire. Monument to Nicholas Fitzherbert 1400-1473. Fluted Period. Fine set of weepers. Two wives shown on one end. Clenched Fist Crest usually left-handed; probably a mistake by the sculptor. Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar with the only extant example of the Yorkist Boar Pendant (as in Roman name for York = Ebor) pendant. Feet resting on a Lion.

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After 1477. Church of St John The Baptist, Kinlet, Cleobury Mortimer, Shropshire. Monument to Humphrey Blount 1421-1477 and Elizabeth Winnington. Fluted Period. He wearing a Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. She wearing a fine Butterfly Headresswith large flap as also detailed in the weepers. Finely made folds at the foot of her dress with Dog(s) chewing at her dress.

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After 1488. All Saints Church, Youlgreave, Derbyshire. Monument to Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488. A curious monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Killed in a fight, or duel, with his in-law Thomas Burdett over inheritance or dower. Fluted Period. Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. Cockerel Crest.

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After 1490. Church of St Barlok, Norbury, Staffordshire. Monument to Ralph Fitzherbert 1428-1484 and Elizabeth Marshall 1437-1490. Finely made in Chellaston alabaster of the Fluted Period. His effigy notable for being the only remaining with the boar of Richard III on his Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. Bobbed hair with finely detailed ringlets. No facial hair. The chest finely made with weepers on the three extant sides. On one side five single men (a knight, a monk, two merchants and one unknown), and one couple. On the other side women, four single, two duos. Ralph and Elizabeth had twelve children, six male, six female so probable the weepers represent their children, possibly with spouses, possibly with offspring since in the two females duos there is a noticeable difference in height. Tudor Livery Collar. Fine sabbatons, the armoured feet, with spurs. Note the beadsman under the right foot. Unlikely the sculptor had ever seen a lion. Feet resting on a Lion. The Fitzherbert Clenched Fist Crest. A finely carved Butterfly Headress. A finely carved collar with Mary and baby Jesus pendant. A Bedesman looking somewhat bored. Excellent weepers on all sides, probably their issue, possibly with grandchildren, on the longer sides since they had six boys and six girls.

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_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110352.jpg

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_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110611.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110733.jpg

Tudor Livery Collar

After 1490. Church of St Barlok, Norbury, Staffordshire. Monument to Ralph Fitzherbert 1428-1484 and Elizabeth Marshall 1437-1490. Finely made in Chellaston alabaster of the Fluted Period. His effigy notable for being the only remaining with the boar of Richard III on his Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. Bobbed hair with finely detailed ringlets. No facial hair. The chest finely made with weepers on the three extant sides. On one side five single men (a knight, a monk, two merchants and one unknown), and one couple. On the other side women, four single, two duos. Ralph and Elizabeth had twelve children, six male, six female so probable the weepers represent their children, possibly with spouses, possibly with offspring since in the two females duos there is a noticeable difference in height. Tudor Livery Collar. Fine sabbatons, the armoured feet, with spurs. Note the beadsman under the right foot. Unlikely the sculptor had ever seen a lion. Feet resting on a Lion. The Fitzherbert Clenched Fist Crest. A finely carved Butterfly Headress. A finely carved collar with Mary and baby Jesus pendant. A Bedesman looking somewhat bored. Excellent weepers on all sides, probably their issue, possibly with grandchildren, on the longer sides since they had six boys and six girls.

_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110023.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110102.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110150.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110203.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110217.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110236.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110257.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110315.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110352.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110541.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110611.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180602-Norbury/Ralph Fitzherbert Norbury Church 20180603-110733.jpg

After 1524. Church of St Peter and St Paul, Exton, Rutlandshire. Monument to John Harrington 1473-1524 and Alice Southill 1460-1490. Tudor Period. Probably Burton Harpur and Moorecock. Dogs Head Crest. Bedesman and Lion at his feet. Tudor Livery Collar. Dog(s) chewing at her dress.

_PHOTOS/20190216-Exton_Rutlandshire/Exton Rutlandshire 20190216-142222-2.jpg

_PHOTOS/20190216-Exton_Rutlandshire/Exton Rutlandshire 20190216-142322.jpg

_PHOTOS/20190216-Exton_Rutlandshire/Exton Rutlandshire 20190216-142358.jpg

_PHOTOS/20190216-Exton_Rutlandshire/Exton Rutlandshire 20190216-142435.jpg

_PHOTOS/20190216-Exton_Rutlandshire/Exton Rutlandshire 20190216-142515-2.jpg

After 1526. All Saints Church, Harewood, West Yorkshire, Yorkshire. Monument to Edward Redman Lord Harewood 1455-1510 and Elizabeth Huddlestone Lady Harewood 1450-1526. Tudor Period. Tudor Livery Collar. Dogs Head Crest. She wearing a simple  headdress with veil falling low on the shoulders.

_PHOTOS/20180421-All_Saints_Harewood/Harewood Edward Redman 1510 20180421-124310.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180421-All_Saints_Harewood/Harewood Edward Redman 1510 20180421-124324.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180421-All_Saints_Harewood/Harewood Edward Redman 1510 20180421-124505.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180421-All_Saints_Harewood/Harewood Edward Redman 1510 20180421-124518.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180421-All_Saints_Harewood/Harewood Edward Redman 1510 20180421-124544.jpg

_PHOTOS/20180421-All_Saints_Harewood/Harewood Edward Redman 1510 20180421-124558.jpg

Garter Collar

In 1546. Unknown Artist. Italian. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547 (30) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

_PAINTING/UNKNOWN/Henry_Howard3.jpg

In 1559 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (39) . Portrait of Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (30) wearing a Garter Collar and St George Pendant.

_PAINTINGS/EWORTH/Anthony_Browne_1st_Viscount_Montague.png

In 1573. Unknown Artist. Portrait of Henry Sidney 1529-1586 (44) wearing his Garter Collar.

_PAINTING/UNKNOWN/Henry_Sidney.jpg

Around 1575. Unknown Artist. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (42) wearing his Garter Collar.

_PAINTING/UNKNOWN/Robert_Dudley2.jpg

Around 1576. Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572 wearing his Garter Collar and Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

_PAINTING/UNKNOWN/William_Paulett.jpg

Around 1580 based on a work of 1565. Unknown Artist. Portrait of Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex 1573-1629 (6) wearing his Garter Collar and holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

_PAINTING/UNKNOWN/Thomas_Radclyffe.jpg

In 1583. Unknown Artist. Portrait of Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln 1512-1585 (71) wearing his Garter Collar.

_PAINTING/UNKNOWN/Edward_Clinton2.jpg

Around 1605. John Critz 1551-1642 (54) . Portrait of James I King Scotland 1394-1437 with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

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Around 1615. Unknown Artist. Posthumous portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (30) wearing his Garter Robes including Garter Collar.

_PAINTING/UNKNOWN/Philip_Herbert_2.jpg

In 1619 Daniël Mijtens 1590-1648 (29) . Portrait of William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (75) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

_PAINTING/MIJTENS/William_Knollys.jpg

In 1621 Daniël Mijtens 1590-1648 (31) . Portrait of James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (54) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

_PAINTING/MIJTENS/James_I.jpg

In 1630 Daniël Mijtens 1590-1648 (40) . Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1586-1646 (43) and wearing his Garter Collar.

_PAINTING/MIJTENS/Charles_I.jpg

In 1634 Daniël Mijtens 1590-1648 (44) . Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (49) with his Lord Treasurer Staff of Office and wearing his Leg Garter and Garter Collar.

_PAINTING/MIJTENS/Henry_Clifford.jpg

Around 1634. Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (34) . Portrait of James Stewart 4th Duke Lennox, 1st Duke Richmond 1612-1655 (21) wearing his Leg Garter and Garter Collar.

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Around 1661. Peter Lely 1618-1680 (42) . Portrait of Charles Stewart 6th Duke Lennox, 3rd Duke Richmond 1639-1672 (21) in his Garter Robes including Garter Collar.

_PAINTING/LELY/Charles_Stewart.png

Around 1662. Peter Lely 1618-1680 (43) . Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (36) in his Garter Robes including Garter Collar.

_PAINTING/LELY/Edward_Montagu.jpg

Around 1673. Peter Lely 1618-1680 (54) . Portrait of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (42) in his Garter Robes including Garter Collar.

_PAINTING/LELY/Charles_II_2.png