BIOGRAPHY OF CHARLES I KING ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND 1600-1649

GENERAL

Descent English Royalty: Son James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland

Descent French Royalty: 6G Grandson Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France

EVENTS

On 19 Nov 1600 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 was born to James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (34) and Anne Oldenburg 1574-1619 (25) at Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline

In 1605 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (4) was created 1st Duke York (4C 1605)

On 04 Jan 1605 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (4) was appointed as Knight of the Bath

In 1611 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (10) was appointed 405th Knight Garter: James I

On 04 Nov 1616 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (15) was appointed Prince of Wales. Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex 1573-1629 (43) carried the Purple Ermined Robe. James Wriothesley 1605-1624 (11) , brothers Robert Howard 1624- and William Howard, George Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1601-1658 (15) and John Cavendish -1618 were appointed Knight of the Bath

Around Feb 1621 Francis Norreys 1st Earl Berkshire 1579-1622 (41) was imprisoned for attacking Emanuel Scrope 1st Earl Sunderland 1584-1630 (36) in front of the House of Lords in the presence the future Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (20) at Fleet Prison, Farringdon Road, Clerkenwell, Greater London

On 27 Mar 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) succeeded I King England, Scotland and Ireland: Stewart

On 13 Jun 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon 1609-1669 (15) were married by proxy at Notre Dame de Paris

On 13 Jun 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon 1609-1669 (15) met for the first time at St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury, Kent during the Charles I and Henrietta Maria's First Meeting

On 02 Feb 1626 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (25) was crowned I King England, Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex 1573-1629 (52) carried the Orb. Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury, 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1667 (3) bore the Second Sword of State. Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (41) carried the Spurs. Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (48) bore the Rod with the Dove.

On 06 Dec 1626 Simonds Ewes 1602-1650 (23) was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (26)

In 1627 Richard Lovelace 1st Baron Lovelace 1564-1634 (63) was created as 1st Baron Lovelace by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (26)

On 13 May 1629 Charles James Stewart 1629-1629 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (28) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon 1609-1669 (19)

On 29 May 1630 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (29) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon 1609-1669 (20) at St James' Palace, St James', Westminster

On 04 Nov 1631 Mary Stewart 1631-1660 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (30) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon 1609-1669 (21)

On 14 Oct 1633 James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon 1609-1669 (23) at St James' Palace, St James', Westminster

On 27 Jul 1639 Vivian Molyneux 1596-1642 (43) was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (38) at Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland

In 1640 Henry "Younger" Vane 1613-1662 (26) was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (39)

On 08 Jul 1640 Henry Fitzjames 1st Duke Gloucester 1640-1660 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (39) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon 1609-1669 (30)

In 1641 William Spring 1613-1654 (28) was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (40)

On 14 Oct 1642 Richard Newport 1st Baron Newport 1587-1651 (55) was created 1st Baron Newport of High Ercall in Shropshire; by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) in return for having provided £6000 for the purchase of artillery before the Battle of Edge Hill.

On 23 Oct 1642 the Battle of Edge Hill was fought at Edge Hill, Warwickshire. The Royal army was commanded by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) (with his son Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (12) present), Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22) and Richard Spencer 1593-1661 (49) , and included Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (21) , Richard Byron 2nd Baron Byron 1606-1679 (36) , Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643 (32) , Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 (22) , Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643 (41) , Thomas Salusbury 1612-1643 (30) and William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643 (55) . George Stewart 1618-1642 (24) and Robert Bertie 1582-1642 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642 (59) were killed. Of the Parliamentary army Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh 1608-1675 (34) and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (51) . Oliver St John 5th Baron St John Bletso 1603-1642 (39) was wounded.

On 03 Aug 1643 Chichester Wrey 1628-1668 (15) was knighted by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) at Bristol Castle, Bristol, Gloucestershire

On 20 Sep 1643 the First Battle of Newbury was fought at Newbury, Berkshire with Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) commanding the Royalist army and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (52) commanding the victorious Parliamentary army. For Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 (44) fought with distinction. Henry Bertie -1643, Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643 (33) , Robert Dormer 1st Earl Carnarvon 1610-1643 (33) and William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandison 1614-1643 (29) were killed. Edward Villiers 1620-1689 (23) fought.

On 16 Jun 1644 Henrietta Fitzjames 1644-1670 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (43) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon 1609-1669 (34) at Bedford House, Exeter, Devon

On May 1646 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (45) surrendered

On 10 Nov 1647 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (46) escaped at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey during the Charles I's Flight from Hampton Court Palace

In 1649 William Heveringham 1604-1678 (45) refused to sign the death warrant of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (48)

On 23 Jan 1649 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (48) was tried at Westminster Hall, Westminster Palace, Westminster by Henry Mildmay 1593-1668 (56) . Adrian Scrope 1601-1660 (48) , Thomas Grey 1623-1657 (26) , Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540, John Danvers 1588-1655 (60) and William Monson 1st Viscount Monson -1672 signed the Death Warrant.

On 30 Jan 1649 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (48) was beheaded. He put his head on the block and, after saying a prayer, he signalled the executioner when he was ready by stretching out his hands; he was then beheaded with one clean stroke outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster

On 09 Feb 1649 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 was buried at Henry VIII Vault, Quire, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On 20 Apr 1661 Thomas Brudenell 1st Earl Cardigan 1583-1663 (78) was created 1st Earl Cardigan by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 personally on a couple of days before Charles's coronation on the 23rd, with Charles investing the newly created earl with a mantle, a sword and belt, and a cap and coronet at Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster during the Investiture of new Peers

ANCESTRY

Father: James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (2G Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland)

GrandFather: Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart 1545-1567 (1G Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland)

1G GrandFather: Matthew Stewart 4th Earl Lennox 1516-1571 (4G Grandson Edward III King England)

2G GrandFather: John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox 1490-1526 (5G Grandson Edward III King England)

3G GrandFather: Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox -1513 (10G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandFather: John Stewart 1st Earl Lennox 1429-1495 (9G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Montgomerie

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Hamilton 1474- (4G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

4G GrandFather: James Hamilton 1st Lord Hamilton 1415-1479

4G GrandMother: Mary Stewart 1453-1488 (3G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

2G GrandMother: Isabel or Elizabeth Stewart (3G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

3G GrandFather: John Stewart 1st Earl Atholl 1440- (2G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandFather: James "Black Knight of Lorn" Stewart 1394-1451

4G GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland 1404-1445 (1G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Sinclair

1G GrandMother: Margaret Douglas 1515-1578 (Granddaughter Henry VII King England and Ireland)

2G GrandFather: Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (10G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: George Douglas 1469-1513 (9G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Archibald "Bell the Cat" Douglas 5th Earl Angus 1449-1513 (8G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Boyd

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Drummond

2G GrandMother: Margaret Tudor 1489-1541 (Daughter Henry VII King England and Ireland)

3G GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (3G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandFather: Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (6G Grandson Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort 1443-1509 (2G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (Daughter Edward IV King England)

4G GrandFather: Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (2G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (6G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

GrandMother: Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (1G Granddaughter Henry VII King England and Ireland)

1G GrandFather: James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (Grandson Henry VII King England and Ireland)

2G GrandFather: James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (4G Grandson Edward III King England)

3G GrandFather: James III King Scotland 1451-1488 (3G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandFather: James II King Scotland 1430-1460 (2G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandMother: Mary Egmont Queen Consort Scotland 1434-1463 (8G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland 1456-1486

4G GrandFather: Christian I King Denmark 1426-1481

2G GrandMother: Margaret Tudor 1489-1541 (Daughter Henry VII King England and Ireland)

3G GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (3G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandFather: Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (6G Grandson Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort 1443-1509 (2G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (Daughter Edward IV King England)

4G GrandFather: Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (2G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (6G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

1G GrandMother: Mary Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (6G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

2G GrandFather: Claude Guise Duke Guise 1496-1550

2G GrandMother: Antoinette Bourbon 1493-1583 (5G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

3G GrandFather: Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme 1470-1495 (8G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: John Bourbon VIII Count Vendôme 1428-1477 (7G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Isabelle Beauvau

3G GrandMother: Marie Luxembourg (4G Granddaughter Edward III King England)

4G GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg II Count Saint-Pol 1440-1492 (3G Grandson Edward III King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Savoy 1439-1495 (8G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

Mother: Anne Oldenburg 1574-1619

GrandFather: Frederick II King Denmark 1534-1588

1G GrandFather: Christian III King Denmark 1503-1559

2G GrandFather: Frederick I King Denmark 1471-1533