BIOGRAPHY OF CHARLES II KING SCOTLAND, II KING ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND 1630-1685

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Stewart

Descent French Royalty: Grandson Henry IV King France

EVENTS

On 29 May 1630 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (29) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon 1609-1669 (20) at St James' Palace, St James', Westminster

On 29 May 1630 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was created as Duke Cornwall and Duke Rothesay.

On 27 Jun 1630 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was baptised by William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (56) at Chapel Royal, St James' Palace, St James', Westminster. Louis XIII King France 1601-1643 (28) and Marie Medici were godparents.

In 1638 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (7) was appointed 437th Knight Garter: Charles I

On 23 Oct 1642 the Battle of Edge Hill was fought at Edge Hill, Warwickshire. The Royal army was commanded by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) (with his son Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (12) present), Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22) and Richard Spencer 1593-1661 (49) , and included Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (21) , Richard Byron 2nd Baron Byron 1606-1679 (36) , Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643 (32) , Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 (22) , Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643 (41) , Thomas Salusbury 2nd Baronet Salusbury 1612-1643 (30) , John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 (43) and William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643 (55) . George Stewart 1618-1642 (24) and Robert Bertie 1582-1642 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642 (59) were killed. Of the Parliamentary army Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh 1608-1675 (34) and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (51) . Oliver St John 5th Baron St John Bletso 1603-1642 (39) was wounded.

In 1643 Bulstrode Whitelock 1605-1675 (37) sent to negotiate with Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (12)

In 1644 Bulstrode Whitelock 1605-1675 (38) sent to negotiate with Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (13)

Around Apr 1646 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (15) stayed at Pendennis Castle, Falmouth, Cornwall

Around Apr 1646 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (15) travelled to at Isles of Scilly, Cornwall

Around Apr 1646 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (15) travelled to at Jersey

Around Apr 1646 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (15) travelled to at France

In 1648 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (17) travelled to where his sister Mary Stewart 1631-1660 (16) and brother in law William Orange-Nassau II Prince Orange 1626-1650 (21) were living at The Hague, Flanders.

Around Jul 1648 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (18) natural Lucy Walter 1630-1658 (18)

On 09 Apr 1649 James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth, 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (18) and Lucy Walter 1630-1658 (19) at Rotterdam, Flanders

On Jul 1649 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (19) stayed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines

On Sep 1649 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (19) travelled to at Jersey

In 1650 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (19) natural Elizabeth Killigrew 1622-1680 (27)

Around 1650 Charlotte Jemima Henrietta Maria Fitzroy 1650-1684 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (19) and Elizabeth Killigrew 1622-1680 (27)

On 01 Jan 1651 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (20) was crowned II King Scotland: Stewart at Scone Abbey, Scone

On 03 Sep 1651 at the Battle of Worcester Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (21) Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector 1599-1658 (52) commanded the Parliamentary army with Charles Howard 1st Earl Carlisle 1629-1685 (22) . In the Royalist army Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury, 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1667 (28) , Thomas Blagge 1613-1660 (38) and Archibald Campbell 9th Earl Argyll 1629-1685 (22) fought. Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland 1591-1667 (60) was captured. Giles Strangeways 1615-1675 (36) provided 300 gold pieces to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (21) following his defeat.

After 03 Sep 1651 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 hid at Royal Oak, Boscobel House, Boscobel, Shropshire

On 16 Oct 1651 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (21) landed at Normandy, France

On 02 Apr 1656 the Treaty of Brussels agreeing mutual support between England (Royal) and Spain was signed by Henry Wilmot 1st Earl Rochester 1612-1658 (43) and James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde 1610-1688 (45) on behalf of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (25) , and Alonso Cárdenas on behalf of Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 (50) .

Before 1657 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 natural Catherine Pegge 1635-

Around 1657 Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (26) and Catherine Pegge 1635- (22)

In 1658 Catherine Fitzcharles 1658-1759 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (27) and Catherine Braganza Queen Consort England

In 1660 George Hamilton 1st Baronet Donalong 1607-1679 (53) was appointed 1st Baronet Donalong by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (29) for his allegiance to the Crown.

Around Apr 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (29) natural Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (19)

On 08 May 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (29) received a letter inviting him to return to England and become King at Breda, Flanders

Before 25 May 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 left at Scheveningen, Flanders

On 25 May 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (29) arrived at Dover, Kent

On 29 May 1660 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) succeeded II King England, Scotland and Ireland: Stewart

On 06 Jun 1660 John Talbot 1630-1714 (29) was knighted by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) at Whitehall Palace, Westminster

Around 1661. John Michael Wright 1617-1694 (43) . Portrait of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

On 25 Feb 1661 Anne Fitzroy 1661-1722 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (20) at Westminster

On 23 Apr 1661 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) was crowned II King England, Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Coronation Charles II

On 11 Dec 1661 Roger Palmer 1st Earl Castlemaine 1634-1705 (27) was created 1st Earl Castlemaine, 1st Baron Limerick by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (31) to Roger Palmer 1st Earl Castlemaine 1634-1705 (27) in gratitude for allowing his wife Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (21) to become the King's mistress.

In 1662 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (31) sold Dunkirk, France to his cousin Louis "Sun King" XIV King France 1638-1715 (23) for around £375,000.

On 21 May 1662 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (31) and Catherine Braganza Queen Consort England were married at Portsmouth, Hampshire

On 18 Jun 1662 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton, 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (32) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (21)

On 28 Sep 1663 Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (33) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (22)

On 05 Sep 1664 Charlotte Fitzroy 1664-1718 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (23)

On Jul 1665 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (35) travelled to at Salisbury, Wiltshire during the Great Plague of London

On 28 Dec 1665 George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (35) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (25) at Merton College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire

On Feb 1666 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (35) returned at City of London

Before 1670 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 natural Nell Gwyn 1650-1687

On 08 May 1670 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (39) and Nell Gwyn 1650-1687 (20)

In 1671 Henry Hobart 4th Baronet Hobart 1657-1698 (14) was knighted by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (40) at Blickling, Norfolk

Before 1672 Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 became a mistress of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1672. Peter Lely 1618-1680 (53) . Postumous portrait of Henrietta Fitzjames I Duchess Orléans 1644-1670 commissioned by her brother Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (41) and presented by him in the Council Chamber, Exeter Guildhall, Exeter, Devon where it still hangs today, in recognition of her birth in Bedford House, Exeter, Devon , Exeter, the town house of the William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700 (55) who had given her mother refuge during the dangerous years before her father's execution in 1649.

On 29 Jul 1672 Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1672-1723 was born to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (42) and Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (22)

Around 1673. Peter Lely 1618-1680 (54) . Portrait of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (42) in his Garter Robes including Garter Collar.

On 19 Aug 1673 Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (23) was created 1st Duke Portsmouth, 1st Earl Fareham, 1st Baron Petersfield for life for being the mistress of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (43) .

Around 1674 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (39) came to England, probably at the request of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (24) , mistress of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (43) .

On 01 Oct 1674 George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (8) was created 1st Earl Northumberland (4C 1674), 1st Viscount Falmouth, 1st Baron Pontefract by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (44) for being his illegitimate son.

On 09 Aug 1675 Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1672-1723 (3) was created 1st Duke Richmond (3C 1675), 1st Earl March (4C 1675), 1st Baron Settrington by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (45) for being his illegitimate son.

On 21 Dec 1676 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (6) was created 1st Earl Burford, 1st Baron Heddington by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (46) for being his illegitimate son.

Around 1678. Peter Lely 1618-1680 (59) . Portrait of Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (47) in his Garter Robes including Garter Collar.

On 10 Apr 1678 Christopher Hussey 1599-1686 (79) swore allegiance to Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (47) (the first to do so) at Hampton, Rockingham County, New Hampshire

In 1679 John Robartes 1st Earl Radnor 1606-1685 (73) was created 1st Earl Radnor (1C 1679), 1st Viscount Bodmin by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (48) in reward for having supported Charles' brother James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (45) 's future accession.

On 06 Apr 1683 George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (17) was created 1st Duke Northumberland (2C 1683) by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (52) for being his illegitimate son.

On 05 Jan 1684 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (13) was created 1st Duke St Albans (1C 1684) by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (53) for being his illegitimate son.

In 1685 Charles Gerard 2nd Earl Macclesfield 1659-1701 (26) was sentenced to death for his part in the Rye House Plot but was subsequently pardoned by Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) .

On 05 Feb 1685 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) received into the Catholic Church.

On 06 Feb 1685 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) died at Whitehall Palace, Westminster

On 14 Feb 1685 Charles II King Scotland, II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was buried at Westminster Abbey, Westminster

ANCESTRY

Father: Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649

GrandFather: James VI King Scotland, I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625

1G GrandFather: Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart 1545-1567

2G GrandFather: Matthew Stewart 4th Earl Lennox 1516-1571

3G GrandFather: John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox 1490-1526

4G GrandFather: Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox -1513

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Hamilton 1474-

3G GrandMother: Isabel or Elizabeth Stewart

4G GrandFather: John Stewart 1st Earl Atholl 1440-

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Sinclair

2G GrandMother: Margaret Douglas 1515-1578

3G GrandFather: Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557

4G GrandFather: George Douglas 1469-1513

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Drummond

3G GrandMother: Margaret Tudor 1489-1541

4G GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503

1G GrandMother: Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587

2G GrandFather: James V King Scotland 1512-1542

3G GrandFather: James IV King Scotland 1473-1513

4G GrandFather: James III King Scotland 1451-1488

4G GrandMother: Margaret Oldenburg Queen Consort Scotland 1456-1486

3G GrandMother: Margaret Tudor 1489-1541

4G GrandFather: Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503

2G GrandMother: Mary Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560

3G GrandFather: Claude Guise Duke Guise 1496-1550

3G GrandMother: Antoinette Bourbon 1493-1583

4G GrandFather: Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme 1470-1495

4G GrandMother: Marie Luxembourg

GrandMother: Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland 1574-1619

1G GrandFather: Frederick II King Denmark 1534-1588

2G GrandFather: Christian III King Denmark 1503-1559

3G GrandFather: Frederick I King Denmark 1471-1533

Mother: Henrietta Maria Bourbon 1609-1669

GrandFather: Henry IV King France 1553-1610

1G GrandFather: Antoine King Navarre 1518-1562

2G GrandFather: Charles Bourbon Duke Vendôme 1489-1527

3G GrandFather: Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme 1470-1495

4G GrandFather: John Bourbon VIII Count Vendôme 1428-1477

4G GrandMother: Isabelle Beauvau

3G GrandMother: Marie Luxembourg

4G GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg II Count Saint-Pol 1440-1492

4G GrandMother: Margaret Savoy 1439-1495

2G GrandMother: Françoise Valois-Alençon

3G GrandFather: Rene Valois-Alençon Duke Alençon 1454-1492

4G GrandFather: Jean Valois-Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476

4G GrandMother: Marie Armagnac 1420-1473

3G GrandMother: Margaret Lorraine 1463-1521

4G GrandFather: Frederick Lorraine Count Vaudémont 1428-1470

4G GrandMother: Yolande Valois-Anjou 1428-1483

1G GrandMother: Jeanne Albret III Queen Navarre 1528-1572

2G GrandFather: Henry II King Navarre 1503-1555

3G GrandFather: Jean III King Navarre 1469-1516

4G GrandFather: Alain "Great" Albret 1440-1522

4G GrandMother: Francois Chatillon

3G GrandMother: Catherine Grailly I Queen Navarre -1517

4G GrandFather: Gaston Grailly V Count Foix 1443-1470

4G GrandMother: Magdalena Valois 1443-1495

2G GrandMother: Marguerite Valois-Orleans Queen Consort Navarre 1492-1549

3G GrandFather: Charles Valois-Orleans Count Angoulême 1459-1496

4G GrandFather: John Valois-Orleans 1399-1467

4G GrandMother: Marguerite Rohan

3G GrandMother: Louise Savoy

GrandMother: Marie Medici