Biography of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329

EVENTS

On 11 Jul 1274 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 was born to Robert Bruce Earl Carrick 1243-1304 (31) and Marjorie Carrick 3rd Countess Carrick 1253-1292 (21) at Turnberry Castle

In 1296 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (21) and Isabella Mar 1277-1296 (19) were marriedFifth Cousin

In 1302 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (27) and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland 1284-1327 (18) were married

Around 20 Feb 1304 a chevauchée of English knights including Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (29) , William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby 1276-1327 (28) , John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (35) , John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (48) and the future Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (29) attempted, unsuccessfully, to capture Simon Fraser -1306 and William Wallace -1305 at Happrew, Peebles during the Battle of Happrew.

On 10 Feb 1305 John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch 1269-1305 (36) was murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (30) before the High Altar at Greyfriars Monastery Chapel, Greyfriars Monastery, Dumfries. Robert Comyn -1305, John's uncle, was killed by Christopher Seton 1278-1306 (27) . Christopher's brother John Seton 1278-1306 (27) was also preset.
Murder, in a church, in front of the altar, regarded as a terrible crime. The act gave Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (65) just cause to invade Scotland.

On 26 Mar 1306 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (31) was crowned I King Scotland: Bruce at Scone Abbey, Scone during the Coronation of Robert the Bruce. Christopher Seton 1278-1306 (28) was present.

On 19 Jun 1306 the forces of Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (31) including Robert Pierrepoint -1334 ambushed and routed the Scottish army of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (31) including Simon Fraser -1306, Christopher Seton 1278-1306 and John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl 1266-1306 (40) at Methven during the Battle of Methven. John Strathbogie 9th Earl Atholl 1266-1306 (40) was captured as well as many others.

On 12 Dec 1307 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327 (23) . Westminster. To John de BrittaniaJohn Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305, earl of Richmond, keeper of Scotland. Order to restore to Aymer de Valencia[1] (32) , earl of Pemrbrok, his lands, etc., in the counties of SellekyrkSelkirkshire, Scotland and Twedale and in the forest of Sellekyrk, which he has seized into the king's hands because the men and tenants of the same had late traitoroursly adhered to Robert de Brus[2] (33) , the king's enemy and rebel.

On 24 Jun 1314 the Scottish army of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (39) including, James "Black" Douglas 1289-1330 (25) , heavily defeated the English army led by Edward II King England 1284-1327 (30) at the Battle of Bannockburn .

On 24 Jun 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (40) , Walter Fauconberg 1264-1314 (50) , John Lovell 2nd Baron Lovel 1289-1314 (25) , William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (36) , Pain Tiptoft 1st Baron Tibetot 1279-1314 (34) , Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314, John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314 (20) , John Montfort 2nd Baron Montfort 1291-1314 (23) and William Vesci -1314 were killed. Henry Bohun -1314 killed by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (39)

On 05 Mar 1324 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (49) and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland 1284-1327 (40) at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline

On 05 Mar 1324 John Bruce 1324-1326 was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (49) and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland 1284-1327 (40) at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline

After 1329 Christina Bruce 1329- was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329

On 07 Jun 1329 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (54) died at Cardross Manor, Argyll

After 07 Jun 1329 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 was buried at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline

On 12 Aug 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor was fought between the supporters of the infant David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (8) , son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49) , supported by the English. The Bruce army included Thomas Randolph 2nd Earl Moray, Robert Bruce, Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar 1293- (39) . The Balliol army included David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl 1309-1335 (23) , Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (30) , Thomas Ughtred 1st Baron Ughtred 1292-1365 (40) and Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (22) . The battle is notable for being the first to use dismounted men-at-arms supported by archers; a formation that would bring repeated success to the English both in Scotland and France.

On 16 Dec 1332 the Battle of Annan Moor was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (8) , son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49) , supported by the English. The Bruce army, led by, Archibald Douglas 1297-1333 (34) , supported by John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray 1306-1346 (26) and Robert II King Scotland 1316-1390 (16) surprised Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49) and his supporters at Annan and threw them out of Scotland. .

On 25 Mar 1333 the Battle of Dornock was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (9) , son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (50) , supported by the English, commanded by Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1290-1339 (43) . The English army quickly overwhelmed the Scottish force. William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (33) was captured and spent two years in prison. .

Marjory Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 and Isabella Mar 1277-1296

Margaret Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland 1284-1327

Matilda Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland 1284-1327

Robert Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329

Walter Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329

Margaret Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329

Elizabeth Bruce was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329

Neil Bruce -1346 was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329

ANCESTRY

Father: Robert Bruce Earl Carrick 1243-1304

GrandFather: Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale 1215-1295

1G GrandFather: Robert Bruce 4th Lord Annadale 1215-1226

2G GrandFather: William Bruce 3rd Lord Annadale 1195-1212

3G GrandFather: William Bruce 2nd Lord Annadale 1138-1189

4G GrandFather: Robert Bruce 1st Lord Annadale, 1st Lord Skelton 1070-1141

4G GrandMother: Agnes Paynel Lady Annadale, Lady Skelton

3G GrandMother: Euphemia Crosebi Lady Annadale

2G GrandMother: Christina Unknown Lady Annadale

1G GrandMother: Isabel "the Scot" Dunkeld Lady Annadale 1199-1251

2G GrandFather: David Dunkeld 8th Earl Huntingdon 1152-1219

3G GrandFather: Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Earl Northumberland 1114-1152

4G GrandFather: David I King Scotland 1084-1153

3G GrandMother: Ada Warenne Countess Huntingdon, Countess Northumberland 1120-1178

4G GrandFather: William Warenne 2nd Earl Surrey -1138

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Capet Countess Leicester, Count Meulan, Countess Surrey 1085-1131

2G GrandMother: Matilda Gernon Countess Huntingdon 1171-1233

3G GrandFather: Hugh de Kevelioc Gernon 5th Earl Chester 1147-1181

4G GrandFather: Ranulf Gernon 4th Earl Chester 1099-1153

4G GrandMother: Matilda Fitzrobert Countess Chester -1189

3G GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort Countess Chester

4G GrandFather: Simon "Chauve" Montfort 4th Count Évreux 1128-1181

4G GrandMother: Mathilde Unknown Count Évreux

GrandMother: Isabel Clare Lady Annadale 1226-1264

1G GrandFather: Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester, 4th Earl Hertford 1180-1230

2G GrandFather: Richard Clare 3rd Earl Hertford 1153-1217

3G GrandFather: Roger Clare 2nd Earl Hertford 1116-1173

4G GrandFather: Richard Clare -1136

4G GrandMother: Alice Gernon

3G GrandMother: Maud St Hilary Countess Hertford

2G GrandMother: Amice Fitzrobert Countess Hertford -1220

3G GrandFather: William Fitzrobert 2nd Earl Gloucester -1183

4G GrandFather: Robert Normandy 1st Earl Gloucester 1099-1147

4G GrandMother: Mabel Fitzhamon Countess Gloucester

3G GrandMother: Hawise Beaumont-Roger Countess Gloucester

4G GrandFather: Robert Beaumont-Roger 2nd Earl Leicester 1104-1168

4G GrandMother: Amice Gael Countess Leicester -1168

1G GrandMother: Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford 1200-1240

2G GrandFather: William Marshal 1146-1219

3G GrandFather: John Fitzgilbert 1105-1165

3G GrandMother: Sybil Salisbury

4G GrandFather: Walter Salisbury 2nd Baron Chitterne

4G GrandMother: Sybilla Chaworth Baroness Chitterne

2G GrandMother: Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke 1172-1220

3G GrandFather: Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Buckingham 1130-1176

4G GrandFather: Gilbert Clare 1st Earl Pembroke 1100-1148

4G GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont-Roger Countess Pembroke

3G GrandMother: Aoife Ní Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke, Countess Buckingham 1145-1188

4G GrandFather: Diarmait Macmurrough 1110-1171

Mother: Marjorie Carrick 3rd Countess Carrick 1253-1292

GrandFather: Niall Carrick 2nd Earl Carrick -1256

GrandMother: Margaret Stewart Countess Carrick

1G GrandFather: Walter Stewart 3rd High Steward -1246

2G GrandFather: Alan Fitzwalter 2nd High Steward 1140-1204

3G GrandFather: Walter Fitzalan 1st High Steward 1106-1177

1G GrandMother: Bethóc Angus

2G GrandFather: Gille Críst Angus 4th Earl Angus

2G GrandMother: Marjorie Dunkeld Countess Angus

3G GrandFather: Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Earl Northumberland 1114-1152

4G GrandFather: David I King Scotland 1084-1153

3G GrandMother: Ada Warenne Countess Huntingdon, Countess Northumberland 1120-1178

4G GrandFather: William Warenne 2nd Earl Surrey -1138

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Capet Countess Leicester, Count Meulan, Countess Surrey 1085-1131