Biography of David II King Scotland 1324-1371

EVENTS

On 05 Mar 1324 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (49) and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland 1284-1327 (40) at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline

On 17 Jul 1328 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (4) and Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (7) were married at Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland

On 07 Jun 1329 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (5) succeeded II King Scotland: Bruce. Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (7) by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

On 24 Nov 1331 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (7) was crowned II King Scotland: Bruce at Scone Abbey, Scone

On 12 Aug 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor was fought between the supporters of the infant David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (8) , son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49) , supported by the English. The Bruce army included Thomas Randolph 2nd Earl Moray, Robert Bruce, Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar 1293- (39) . The Balliol army included David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl 1309-1335 (23) , Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (30) , Thomas Ughtred 1st Baron Ughtred 1292-1365 (40) and Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (22) . The battle is notable for being the first to use dismounted men-at-arms supported by archers; a formation that would bring repeated success to the English both in Scotland and France.

On 16 Dec 1332 the Battle of Annan Moor was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (8) , son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49) , supported by the English. The Bruce army, led by, Archibald Douglas 1297-1333 (34) , supported by John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray 1306-1346 (26) and Robert II King Scotland 1316-1390 (16) surprised Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49) and his supporters at Annan and threw them out of Scotland. .

On 25 Mar 1333 the Battle of Dornock was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (9) , son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (50) , supported by the English, commanded by Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1290-1339 (43) . The English army quickly overwhelmed the Scottish force. William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (33) was captured and spent two years in prison. .

On 19 Jul 1333 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (20) defeated the Scots army at the Battle of Halidon Hill near Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland. English archers, just as at the Battle of Dupplin Moor one year previously, had a significant impact on the massed ranks of Scottish schiltrons. Edward's army included: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 (33) , who commanded the right wing, Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (56) , Robert Pierrepoint -1334, Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (30) , Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (53) and John Sully 1283-1388 (50) . One of the few English casualties was John Neville 1299-1333 (34) who was killed. The Scottish army included David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (9) . Alexander Bruce -1333, Alan Stewart -1333, John Stewart -1333, James Stewart 1276-1333 (57) , John Stewart -1333, William Douglas 1st Earl Atholl -1333, Archibald Douglas 1297-1333 (35) , Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox -1333, Hugh Ross 4th Earl Ross 1296-1333 (36) and Kenneth de Moravia Sutherland 4th Earl Sutherland -1333 who were all killed.

On 17 Oct 1346 at the Battle of Neville's Cross near Durham, County Durham the English inflicted a heavy defeat on the Scottish army that had invaded England in compliance with their treaty with the French for mutual support against England. The English army included: William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364 (45) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (34) , Ralph Hastings 1291-1346 (55) , Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 (55) , William Zouche Archbishop York -1352, Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 (47) and John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361 (35) . Of the Scottish army David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (22) and William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (46) were captured. Neil Bruce -1346 and John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray 1306-1346 (40) were killed.

After 17 Oct 1346 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Around Oct 1357 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (33) was released

On 20 Feb 1364 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (39) and Margaret Drummond Queen Consort Scotland were married. Margaret Drummond Queen Consort Scotland by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

On 22 Feb 1371 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (46) died at Edinburgh Castle

After 22 Feb 1371 David II King Scotland 1324-1371 was buried at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood

ANCESTRY

Father: Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329

GrandFather: Robert Bruce Earl Carrick 1243-1304

1G GrandFather: Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale 1215-1295

2G GrandFather: Robert Bruce 4th Lord Annadale 1215-1226

3G GrandFather: William Bruce 3rd Lord Annadale 1195-1212

4G GrandFather: William Bruce 2nd Lord Annadale 1138-1189

4G GrandMother: Euphemia Crosebi Lady Annadale

3G GrandMother: Christina Unknown Lady Annadale

2G GrandMother: Isabel "the Scot" Dunkeld Lady Annadale 1199-1251

3G GrandFather: David Dunkeld 8th Earl Huntingdon 1152-1219

4G GrandFather: Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Earl Northumberland 1114-1152

4G GrandMother: Ada Warenne Countess Huntingdon, Countess Northumberland 1120-1178

3G GrandMother: Matilda Gernon Countess Huntingdon 1171-1233

4G GrandFather: Hugh de Kevelioc Gernon 5th Earl Chester 1147-1181

4G GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort Countess Chester

1G GrandMother: Isabel Clare Lady Annadale 1226-1264

2G GrandFather: Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester, 4th Earl Hertford 1180-1230

3G GrandFather: Richard Clare 3rd Earl Hertford 1153-1217

4G GrandFather: Roger Clare 2nd Earl Hertford 1116-1173

4G GrandMother: Maud St Hilary Countess Hertford

3G GrandMother: Amice Fitzrobert Countess Hertford -1220

4G GrandFather: William Fitzrobert 2nd Earl Gloucester -1183

4G GrandMother: Hawise Beaumont-Roger Countess Gloucester

2G GrandMother: Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford 1200-1240

3G GrandFather: William Marshal 1146-1219

4G GrandFather: John Fitzgilbert 1105-1165

4G GrandMother: Sybil Salisbury

3G GrandMother: Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke 1172-1220

4G GrandFather: Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Buckingham 1130-1176

4G GrandMother: Aoife Ní Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke, Countess Buckingham 1145-1188

GrandMother: Marjorie Carrick 3rd Countess Carrick 1253-1292

1G GrandFather: Niall Carrick 2nd Earl Carrick -1256

1G GrandMother: Margaret Stewart Countess Carrick

2G GrandFather: Walter Stewart 3rd High Steward -1246

3G GrandFather: Alan Fitzwalter 2nd High Steward 1140-1204

4G GrandFather: Walter Fitzalan 1st High Steward 1106-1177

2G GrandMother: Bethóc Angus

3G GrandFather: Gille Críst Angus 4th Earl Angus

3G GrandMother: Marjorie Dunkeld Countess Angus

4G GrandFather: Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Earl Northumberland 1114-1152

4G GrandMother: Ada Warenne Countess Huntingdon, Countess Northumberland 1120-1178

Mother: Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland 1284-1327

GrandFather: Richard "Red Earl" Burgh 2nd Earl Ulster 1259-1326

1G GrandFather: Walter Burgh 1st Earl Ulster 1230-1271

2G GrandFather: Richard Mór Burgh 1st Baron Connaught 1194-1242

3G GrandFather: William Burgh 1160-1205

4G GrandFather: Walter Burgh 1130-1206

4G GrandMother: Alice Unknown

2G GrandMother: Egidia Lacy Baroness Connaught

3G GrandFather: Walter Lacy Lord Meath 1166-1241

4G GrandFather: Hugh Lacy 4th Baron Lacy 1134-1186

4G GrandMother: Rohese Monmouth Baroness Lacy

3G GrandMother: Margaret Braose

4G GrandFather: William Braose 4th Baron Bramber 1144-1211

4G GrandMother: Maud "Lady of Hay" St Valery Baroness Bramber 1155-1210

GrandMother: Margaret Burgh Countess Ulster

1G GrandFather: John Burgh 1236-1280

2G GrandFather: John Burgh

3G GrandFather: Hubert Burgh Count Mortain, 1st Earl Kent 1170-1243

4G GrandFather: Walter Burgh 1130-1206

4G GrandMother: Alice Unknown

3G GrandMother: Beatrice Warenne 1174-1214

4G GrandFather: William Warenne -1209

2G GrandMother: Hawise Valey