BIOGRAPHY OF EMPRESS MATILDA 1102-1167

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Normandy

Descent English Royalty: Daughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Descent French Royalty: 2G Granddaughter Robert "Pious" II King France

EVENTS

On 07 Feb 1102 Empress Matilda 1102-1167 was born to Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135 (34) and Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118 (22)

In 1110 Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (7) was sent to PLACES!$A$4801 in preparation for her marriage to

On 07 Jan 1114 Henry Salian 1081-1125 (32) and Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (11) were married

On 25 Nov 1120 the White Ship left Barfleur, Basse Normandie with a party of young Normans. Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135 (52) had left earlier on another ship. A mile out the White Ship foundered on a submerged rock. All bar one were drowned. The event had a significant impact on the succession leading to the Anarchy during which first cousins Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (18), daughter of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135 (52), his only remaining legitimate child, and Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (26), son of Adela Normandy 1067-1137 (53) (daughter of William the Conqueror), waged war over the succession. William Adelin Normandy Duke Normandy 1103-1120 (17), his half-siblings Richard Fitzroy 1100-1120 (19) and Matilda Fitzroy -1120, William Bigod -1120, Lucia-Mahaut Blois -1120, brothers Geoffrey Aigle -1120 and Engenulf Aigle -1120, half-brothers Richard Avranches 2nd Earl Chester 1094-1120 (26) and Ottiwel Avranches -1120, brothers Ivo Grandesmil -1120 and William Grandesmil -1120 and Geoffrey Ridel -1120 were all drowned

After 10 Jun 1128 Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 and Empress Matilda 1102-1167 were married

On 05 Mar 1133 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was born to Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 (19) and Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (31) at Le Mans, France

On 01 Jun 1134 Geoffrey Plantagenet Count Nantes 1134-1158 was born to Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 (20) and Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (32) at Rouen or Argentan

On 22 Jul 1136 William Plantagenet 1136-1164 was born to Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 (22) and Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (34) at Argentan or Angers

On 02 Feb 1141 the army of Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (38) commanded by Robert Normandy 1st Earl Gloucester 1099-1147 (41) defeated the army of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (47). Matilda's army included Ranulf Gernon 4th Earl Chester 1099-1153 (42) and Madog ap Maredudd Mathrafal Prince Powys -1160. Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (47), Gilbert Gaunt 1st Earl Lincoln 1126-1156 (15), William "The Younger" Peverell 1080-1155 (61) and Ilbert Lacy 3rd Baron Lacy -1141 were captured. William "Fat" Blois 1st Earl Albermarle aka Aumale, 1st Earl York 1101-1179 (40)

Around 05 Jun 1152 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) visited Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon where she met Matilda Anjou Abbess Fontevraud 1111-1154 (41) (her husband's Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19)'s aunt by marriage - Matilda Anjou Abbess Fontevraud 1111-1154 (41) had married William Adelin Normandy Duke Normandy 1103-1120 brother of his mother Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (50) who had died in the White Ship Disaster).

Before Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 visited his mother Empress Matilda 1102-1167 in Rouen

Around Mar 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) returned to Rouen and met with his mother Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (52), and his brothers. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) joined them to celebrate Easter with their first son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156

On 06 Jan 1156 Matilda Plantagenet Duchess Saxony 1156-1189 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire (probably) and named after her paternal grandmother Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (53).

On 10 Sep 1167 Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (65) died

After 10 Sep 1167 Empress Matilda 1102-1167 was buried in Eure by Rotrou Newburgh Archbishop Rouen -1183. Her tomb's epitaph reads 'Great by birth, greater by marriage, greatest in her offspring: here lies Matilda, the daughter, wife, and mother of Henry'.

After 1846 Empress Matilda 1102-1167 was re-buried in Rouen Cathedral, Rouen.

ANCESTRY

Father: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135 (Son William "Conqueror" I King England)

GrandFather: William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

1G GrandFather: Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy 1000-1035

2G GrandFather: Richard "Good" Normandy II Duke Normandy 963-1026

3G GrandFather: Richard "Fearless" Normandy I Duke Normandy 932-996

4G GrandFather: William "Longsword" Normandy I Duke Normandy 893-942

4G GrandMother: Sprota Unknown

3G GrandMother: Gunnora Unknown

4G GrandFather: Unknown Unknown

2G GrandMother: Judith Penthièvre 982-1017

3G GrandFather: Conan "Crooked" Penthièvre III Duke Brittany -992

4G GrandFather: Judicael Berengar Penthièvre I Count Rennes -978

3G GrandMother: Ermengarde-Gerberga Ingelger 956-1024

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey "Greygown" Ingelger 1st Count Anjou 939-987

4G GrandMother: Adele Vermandois 934-982

1G GrandMother: Herleva Unknown

GrandMother: Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083

1G GrandFather: Baldwin "The Good" Flanders V Count Flanders 1012-1067

2G GrandFather: Baldwin "Bearded" Flanders IV Count Flanders 980-1035

3G GrandFather: Arnulf Flanders II Count Flanders 960-987

4G GrandFather: Baldwin Flanders III Count Flanders 940-962

4G GrandMother: Matilda Billung 940-1008

3G GrandMother: Rozala Lombardy

4G GrandFather: Berenguer II Lombardy

2G GrandMother: Ogive Luxembourg-Ardennes -1036

3G GrandFather: Frederick Luxembourg-Ardennes 965-1019

4G GrandFather: Sigfried Luxembourg-Ardennes Count Ardennes 922-998

4G GrandMother: Hedwig Nordgau

3G GrandMother: Ermentrude Gleiburg

4G GrandFather: Heribert I Count Gleiberg Gleiburg

1G GrandMother: Adela Capet 1009-1079

2G GrandFather: Robert "Pious" II King France 972-1031

3G GrandFather: Hugh I King France 941-996

4G GrandFather: Hugh "Great" Capet Count Paris 898-956

4G GrandMother: Hedwig Saxon-Ottonian 910-965

3G GrandMother: Adelaide Poitiers 945-1004

4G GrandFather: William "Towhead" Poitiers III Duke Aquitaine 915-963

4G GrandMother: Gerloc aka Adela Normandy 912-962

2G GrandMother: Constance Arles 986-1034

3G GrandFather: William "Liberator" Arles 1st Count Provence, 1st Count Arles 950-993

3G GrandMother: Adelaide-Blanche Ingelger 940-1026

4G GrandFather: Fulk "Good" Ingelger 2nd Count Anjou 905-960

4G GrandMother: Gerberge Unknown

Mother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118

GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

1G GrandFather: Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland 1001-1040

1G GrandMother: Bethóc Unknown

GrandMother: Margaret Wessex 1045-1093

1G GrandFather: Edward "The Exile" Wessex 1016-1057

2G GrandFather: Edmund "Ironside" I King England 1015-1016

3G GrandFather: Aethelred "Unready" II King England 966-1016

4G GrandFather: Edgar "Peaceful" I King England 943-975

4G GrandMother: Aelfthryth Unknown

3G GrandMother: Aelfgifu Northumbria

4G GrandFather: Thored Northumbria

2G GrandMother: Ealdgyth Unknown

1G GrandMother: Agatha Unknown