BIOGRAPHY OF JOHN WENLOCK 1ST BARON WENLOCK 1400-1471

EVENTS

Around 1400 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 was born to William Wynell and Margaret Breton

On 16 Aug 1421 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (21) received a grant of lands in the bailiwick of Gisors.

On Apr 1422 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (22) was appointed as Constable Vernon

Before 1432 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 and Elizabeth Drayton -1462 were married

In 1433 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (33) returned as MP Bedfordshire

In 1436 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (36) returned as MP Bedfordshire

In 1444 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (44) was appointed as High Sheriff Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire

In 1447 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (47) returned as MP Bedfordshire

On 15 Apr 1448 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (48) laid the first stone at Queen's College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire

In 1449 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (49) returned as MP Bedfordshire

In 1455 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) returned as MP Bedfordshire

In 1455 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) was appointed as Speaker of the House of Commons

On 22 May 1455 at the First Battle of St Albans. The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) , Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) , William Cotton -1455, Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

On 23 Sep 1459 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) attempted to ambush John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) whilst he was travelling to Ludlow, Shropshire to join up with the main Yorkist army. Forewarned by scouts arranged his troops into battle order. The Yorkist army included John Conyers -1490, Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (59) , James Harrington 1430-1485 (29) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) , William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (24) , Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (26) , John Savile, Walter Strickland 1411-1466 (48) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (59) . The Lancastrian army included John Dutton -1459, Thomas Dutton 1421-1459 (38) and Peter Dutton -1459 who were killed. James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (61) was killed by Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (26) . John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (34) were captured. Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (53) fought.

On 26 Jun 1460 Yorkist forces including Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (60) landed at Sandwich, Kent. Osbert Mumford -1460 was captured.

On 02 Feb 1461 at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross at Wigmore, Herefordshire the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) commanded the Yorkist forces including William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (35) , John Savage 1444-1544 (17) and Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51) . In the Lancastrian army Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) (captured by Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51) ) and his son Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (29) fought as well as James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) . Gruffydd ap Nicholas Deheubarth 1393-1461 (68) was killed.

On 18 Feb 1461 at the Second Battle of St Albans the Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) , William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) . John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 (42) and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed.

On 29 Mar 1461 at the Battle of Towton the Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45) , Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) , John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) .

After 29 Mar 1461 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 was appointed 184th Knight Garter: Henry VI

After 29 Mar 1461 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 was created 1st Baron Wenlock (1C 1461)

In 1467 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (67) and Agnes Say were married

On 14 Apr 1471 Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (41) lands at Weymouth, Dorset with John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (71) .

On 04 May 1471 at the Battle of Tewkesbury Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (41) was captured. Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) was killed. John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (36) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (71) and John Beaufort 1441-1471 (30) were killed. Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (32) and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 (44) were beheaded after the battle.

ANCESTRY

Father: William Wynell

Mother: Margaret Breton