Biography of William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353

EVENTS

Around 1300 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 was born to James Douglas -1323 and Joan Unknown at Liddlesdale

On 25 Mar 1333 the Battle of Dornock was fought between the supporters of the seven year old David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (9) , son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329, and the supporters of Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (50) , supported by the English, commanded by Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1290-1339 (43) . The English army quickly overwhelmed the Scottish force. William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (33) was captured and spent two years in prison. .

In 1337 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (37) was captured at Hermitage Castle, Newcastleton

In 1339 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (39) visited Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 at Château Gaillard

Before 1340 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 and Elizabeth Maxwell Countess Atholl 1335-1370 were married

Around 1340 Mary Douglas Countess Mar 1340-1366 was born to William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (40) and Elizabeth Maxwell Countess Atholl 1335-1370 (5) at Liddlesdale

In 1341 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (41) was captured at Edinburgh Castle

On Jul 1342 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (42) was created 1st Earl Atholl (3C 1342). Elizabeth Maxwell Countess Atholl 1335-1370 (7) by marriage Earl Atholl (3C 1342)

On 17 Oct 1346 at the Battle of Neville's Cross near Durham, County Durham the English inflicted a heavy defeat on the Scottish army that had invaded England in compliance with their treaty with the French for mutual support against England. The English army included: William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364 (45) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (34) , Ralph Hastings 1291-1346 (55) , Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 (55) , William Zouche Archbishop York -1352, Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 (47) and John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361 (35) . Of the Scottish army David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (22) and William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (46) were captured. Neil Bruce -1346 and John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray 1306-1346 (40) were killed.

After 17 Oct 1346 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 was imprisoned at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In 1351 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (51) was released

On Aug 1353 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (53) killed by William Douglas 1st Earl Douglas 1323-1384 (30) at Ettrick Forest, Ettrick

ANCESTRY

Father: James Douglas -1323

GrandFather: Andrew Douglas

1G GrandFather: Archibald Douglas 1197-1238

2G GrandFather: William Douglas 1st Lord Douglas -1214

2G GrandMother: Margaret Kerdal

1G GrandMother: Margaret Crawford

2G GrandFather: John Crawford

Mother: Joan Unknown