BIOGRAPHY OF RICHARD YORK 1ST DUKE YORK, 1ST DUKE NORFOLK 1473-

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

EVENTS

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (36) at Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was created 1st Duke York (2C 1474)

In 1475 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (1) was appointed 215th Knight Garter: Edward IV

On 14 Jan 1476 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (2) by marriage 8th Earl Norfolk (3C 1312)

On 14 Jan 1476 John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 (31) died at Framlingham Castle, Framlingham, Suffolk. Suspicious since he was only 32. His only child Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (3) who inherited the vast Mowbray estates was subsequently married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (2) two years later.

On 12 Jun 1476 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (2) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (3C 1476)

On 07 Feb 1477 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (3) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (2C 1481)

On 15 Jan 1478 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (4) and Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (5) were married at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster. An attractive match for Edward IV's second son since Anne Mowbray had inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance in 1476 when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 died. The ceremony was attended by Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (11) , Mary York 1467-1482 (10) and Cecily York 1469-1507 (8) . The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (35) was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (4) would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (52) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (53) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) , who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

Around 03 May 1483 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) took Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey, Westminster with Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) . Her brother Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury was with her.

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) removed the younger brother of Edward V Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) from Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey, Westminster to the Tower at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was present.

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) . William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483). Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) . Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) to their rightful inheritance.

On 17 Jul 1483 Robert Brackenbury -1485 was appointed Constable Tower of London for life meaning he was in direct care of The Princes in the Tower: Edward V King England 1470- (12) and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) .

Around Aug 1483 Edward V King England 1470- (12) and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) disappeared from the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Thomas More 1478-1535 (5) reports, sometime after the event, that Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) requested Robert Brackenbury -1485 undertake the murder of the children. Upon Brackenbury's refusal Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) instructed Robert Brackenbury -1485 give the keys to the Tower to James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (28) who would then undertake the task.

ANCESTRY

Father: Edward IV King England 1442-1483

GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460

1G GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415

2G GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402

3G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

4G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

4G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

3G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

4G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

4G GrandMother: Joan Valois 1294-1342

2G GrandMother: Isabella of Castile 1355-1392

3G GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369

4G GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350

4G GrandMother: Constanza Manuel

3G GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361

4G GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera -1350

4G GrandMother: María González Henestrosa -1356

1G GrandMother: Anne Mortimer 1390-1411

2G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398

3G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381

4G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 1328-1360

4G GrandMother: Philippa Montagu 1332-1381

3G GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382

4G GrandFather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Burgh 4th Countess Ulster 1332-1363

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Holland 1370-1405

3G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397

4G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360

4G GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385

3G GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan 1350-1416

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet 1318-1372

GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville 1415-1495

1G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425

2G GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388

3G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367

4G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331

4G GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering 1267-1329

3G GrandMother: Alice Audley 1304-1374

4G GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347

4G GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer 1270-

2G GrandMother: Maud Percy

3G GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352

4G GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan

3G GrandMother: Idonia Clifford

4G GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314

4G GrandMother: Maud Clare 1276-1327

1G GrandMother: Joan Beaufort 1379-1440

2G GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

3G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

4G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

4G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

3G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

4G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

4G GrandMother: Joan Valois 1294-1342

2G GrandMother: Katherine Roet 1350-1403

3G GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

Mother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492

GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469

1G GrandFather: Richard Woodville Chamberlain to the Duke 1385-1441

2G GrandFather: John Woodville 1341-1403

1G GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448

2G GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate 1350-

2G GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp

3G GrandFather: John Beauchamp 1330-1396

4G GrandFather: Hugh Beauchamp 1290-1338

4G GrandMother: Idonea Lisle 1293-1359

GrandMother: Jacquetta Luxembourg 1415-1472

1G GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433

2G GrandFather: John Luxembourg 1370-1397

3G GrandFather: Guy Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol, I Count Ligny 1340-1371

4G GrandFather: John Luxembourg

4G GrandMother: Alix Dampierre

3G GrandMother: Mathilde Chatillon 1335-1373

4G GrandFather: Jean Chatillon Count Saint-Pol 1292-1344

4G GrandMother: Jeanne Fiennes 1307-1353

2G GrandMother: Margaret Brienne

1G GrandMother: Margherita Baux 1394-1469

2G GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria 1330-1422

2G GrandMother: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430

3G GrandFather: Nicholas Orsini Count

4G GrandFather: Roberto Orsini Count 1295-1345

4G GrandMother: Sueva del Balzo

3G GrandMother: Jeanne Sabran