BIOGRAPHY OF JOHN OF GAUNT 1ST DUKE LANCASTER 1340-1399

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

EVENTS

On 06 Mar 1340 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (27) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (25) at Ghent, Flanders

In 1342 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond (5C 1342)

In 1359 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (18) and Blanche Plantagenet 5th Countess Lancaster, 6th Countess Leicester 1345-1368 (13) were married at Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire

On 31 Mar 1360 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (20) and Blanche Plantagenet 5th Countess Lancaster, 6th Countess Leicester 1345-1368 (15) at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire

In 1361 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (20) was appointed 36th Knight Garter: Edward III

On 23 Mar 1361 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (21) jure uxoris 5th Earl Lancaster, 2nd Earl Derby (2C 1337)

In 1362 John Lancaster 1362-1365 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (21) and Blanche Plantagenet 5th Countess Lancaster, 6th Countess Leicester 1345-1368 (16)

On 10 Apr 1362 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) jure uxoris 6th Earl Leicester (2C 1265)

On 13 Nov 1362 Edward III created his eldest two sons as Dukes. Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence (1C 1362). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster (2C 1362).

Before 21 Feb 1363 Elizabeth Lancaster 1363-1426 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Blanche Plantagenet 5th Countess Lancaster, 6th Countess Leicester 1345-1368 at Burford, Shropshire

In 1365 Edward Lancaster 1365-1365 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (24) and Blanche Plantagenet 5th Countess Lancaster, 6th Countess Leicester 1345-1368 (19)

In 1366 John Lancaster 1366-1367 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (25) and Blanche Plantagenet 5th Countess Lancaster, 6th Countess Leicester 1345-1368 (20)

On 03 Apr 1367 the forces of Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (32) commanded by Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (36) defeated the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) at the Battle of Nájera at Nájera. The English forces included John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27) , John Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1331- (36) , William Scrope 1325-1367, Peter Courtenay 1346-1405 (21) , John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux 1337-1393 (30) and Thomas Banastre 1334-1379 (33) . The forces of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) included Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47) . The battle achieved little since Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47) escaped.

On 15 Apr 1367 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27) and Blanche Plantagenet 5th Countess Lancaster, 6th Countess Leicester 1345-1368 (22) at Bolingbroke Castle, Lindsey, Lincolnshire

In 1368 Isabel Lancaster 1368-1368 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27) and Blanche Plantagenet 5th Countess Lancaster, 6th Countess Leicester 1345-1368 (22)

On 21 Sep 1371 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31) and Constance of Castile 1354-1394 (17) were married at Roquefort, Landes. His younger brother Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (30) married Constance's sister in July 1372.

After 21 Sep 1371 Isabella of Castile 1355-1392 accompanied her sister Constance of Castile 1354-1394 to England after her marriage to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399.

On 11 Jul 1372 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (31) and Isabella of Castile 1355-1392 (17) were married at Wallingford, Oxfordshire. She being the younger sister of Constance of Castile 1354-1394 (18) who had married Edmund's older brother John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) a year before.

In 1373 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) and Katherine Roet 1350-1403 (22)

On 31 Mar 1373 Catherine of Lancaster Queen Castile 1373-1418 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (33) and Constance of Castile 1354-1394 (19) at Hertford Castle, Hertford, Hertfordshire

In 1374 John Lancaster 1374-1375 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (33) and Constance of Castile 1354-1394 (20)

In 1375 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (34) and Katherine Roet 1350-1403 (24) at Château de Beaufort

Around Jan 1377 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (36) and Katherine Roet 1350-1403 (26)

In 1379 Joan Beaufort 1379-1440 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (38) and Katherine Roet 1350-1403 (28) at Château de Beaufort

In 1380 Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (25) joined John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (39) 's service as an Esquire

Around 1380 Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (25) was knighted by John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (39)

On 13 Jan 1396 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (55) and Katherine Roet 1350-1403 (45) were married at Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire

After 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London

In 1485 Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 was born to Ferdinand II King Aragon 1452-1516 (32) and Isabella Trastámara Queen Castile 1451-1504 (33) . She was probably named after her Great Great Grandmother Catherine of Lancaster Queen Castile 1373-1418 daughter of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Constance of Castile 1354-1394.

John Cockayne Chief Baron 1360-1429 executor of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399's will

Matthew Redman 1328-1389 served in France and Spain under John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 natural Marie St Hilaire Hainault

Blanche Beaufort was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Marie St Hilaire Hainault

ANCESTRY

Father: Edward III King England 1312-1377

GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

1G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

2G GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272

3G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

4G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204

3G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246

4G GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême 1160-1202

4G GrandMother: Alice Courtenay -1218

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

3G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

4G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

4G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

3G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

4G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

4G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva

1G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

2G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252

3G GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230

4G GrandFather: Ferdinand II King Leon 1137-1188

4G GrandMother: Urraca Burgundy Queen Consort Leon 1148-1211

3G GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246

4G GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile 1161-1214

2G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Count Ponthieu 1220-1279

3G GrandFather: Simon Dammartin 1180-1239

4G GrandFather: Alberic Dammartin -1200

4G GrandMother: Mathilde Clermont

3G GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu 1199-1250

4G GrandFather: William Montgomery IV Count Ponthieu 1179-1221

4G GrandMother: Alys Capet 1160-1220

GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

1G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

2G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

3G GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270

4G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252

3G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona 1248-1271

3G GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

4G GrandFather: Peter II King Aragon 1178-1213

4G GrandMother: Marie Montpellier

3G GrandMother: Violant Unknown

1G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305

2G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274

3G GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre 1201-1253

4G GrandFather: Theobald Blois 1179-1201

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez -1229

3G GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon

2G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302

3G GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216-

4G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252

3G GrandMother: Matilda Reginar 1224-1288

4G GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 1207-1248

4G GrandMother: Marie Swabia

Mother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

1G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304

2G GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257

3G GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes 1182-1244

4G GrandFather: James Avesnes 1152-1191

4G GrandMother: Adela Guise

3G GrandMother: Margaret Flanders II Count Flanders 1202-1280

4G GrandFather: Baldwin Flanders VI Count Hainault, IX Count Flanders 1171-1205

4G GrandMother: Marie Blois -1204

2G GrandMother: Adelaide Countholland 1230-1284

3G GrandFather: Floris Countholland IV Count Holland 1210-1234

4G GrandFather: William Countholland I Count Holland 1167-1222

4G GrandMother: Adelaide Guelders -1218

3G GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar 1200-1267

4G GrandFather: Henry Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine, I Duke Brabant 1165-1235

4G GrandMother: Maud Metz 1170-1210

1G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg 1252-1311

2G GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

3G GrandFather: Waleran Luxembourg III Duke Limburg 1165-1226

4G GrandFather: Henry Luxembourg III Duke Limburg 1140-1221

4G GrandMother: Sophia Saarbrücken

3G GrandMother: Ermesinda Luxembourg

2G GrandMother: Margaret Bar 1220-1275

3G GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar -1239

4G GrandFather: Theobald Bar I Count Bar 1160-1214

4G GrandMother: Erminsende Bar-Sur-Seine

3G GrandMother: Philippa Capet 1192-1242

4G GrandFather: Robert Capet II Count Dreux 1154-1218

4G GrandMother: Yolande Coucy 1164-1222

GrandMother: Joan Valois 1294-1342

1G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

2G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

3G GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270

4G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252

3G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona 1248-1271

3G GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

4G GrandFather: Peter II King Aragon 1178-1213

4G GrandMother: Marie Montpellier

3G GrandMother: Violant Unknown

1G GrandMother: Margaret Capet 1273-1299

2G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309

3G GrandFather: Charles King Sicily 1227-1285

4G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252

3G GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily 1231-1267

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandMother: Mary Unknown