BIOGRAPHY OF HENRY OF GROSMONT 1ST DUKE LANCASTER 1310-1361

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

EVENTS

Around 1310 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 was born to Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (29) and Maud Chaworth 1282-1322 (27) at Grosmont Castle, Grosmont, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales

In 1330 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (20) was knighted

In 1336 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (26) was appointed as King's Lieutenant in Scotland

In 1337 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (27) was created 1st Earl Derby (2C 1337)

On 04 Apr 1339 Maud Plantagenet 5th Countess Leicester 1339-1362 was born to Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (29) and Isabel Beaumont 1320-1361 (19) at Bolingbroke Castle, Lindsey, Lincolnshire

On 24 Jun 1340 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (27) attacked the French fleet at anchor during the Battle of Sluys capturing more than 200 ships, killing around 18000 French. The English force included John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360 (24) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (30) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (27) , William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (10) , John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (22) , Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (38) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (30) , Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (30) and Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (20) . Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer 1301-1340 (38) died from wounds.

On 23 Apr 1344 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (34) was appointed 2nd Knight Garter: Founder

On 25 Mar 1345 Blanche Plantagenet 5th Countess Lancaster, 6th Countess Leicester 1345-1368 was born to Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (35) and Isabel Beaumont 1320-1361 (25) at Bolingbroke Castle, Lindsey, Lincolnshire

Around 25 Aug 1345 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (35) commanded the English forces at Bergerac, Dordogne during the Battle of Bergerac. The English army including Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (35) won a decisive victory over the French with Henri Montigny captured.

On 22 Sep 1345 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (35) succeeded 4th Earl Leicester (2C 1265), 4th Earl Lancaster

On 21 Oct 1345 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (35) commanded an English army including Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (35) at Auberoche, Perigueux during the Battle of Auberoche. The battle was a significant victory for the English with the French forces being heavily defeated. The ransoms alone made a fortune for many of the soldiers in Derby's army, as well as Derby himself, who was said to have made at least £50,000 from the day's captives, and sealed his reputation as 'one of the best warriors in the world'.

On 03 Aug 1347 the English succeeded in capturing Calais providing England with a French port for the next two hundred years. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (34) commanded, John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (29) , Richard Vache -1366 and Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (37) fought during the year long siege.

On 29 Aug 1350 the English fleet defeated a Castilian fleet at Winchelsea, Sussex during the Battle of Winchelsea. Around twenty Castilian ships were captured; several were sunk. For the English Edward III King England 1312-1377 (37) and his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (20) , James Audley 1318-1369 (32) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (37) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (40) and John Sully 1283-1388 (67) fought.

In 1351 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (41) was created 1st Duke Lancaster (1C 1351)

In 1353 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (43) founded at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester, Leicestershire

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of Edward III King England 1312-1377 (47) were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (47) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (50) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (50) , Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (29) and Walter Mauny were present. Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. Edward III King England 1312-1377 (47) believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Bretigny.

On 23 Mar 1361 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (51) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire.

After 23 Mar 1361 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester, Leicestershire

Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 and Isabel Beaumont 1320-1361 were married

ANCESTRY

Father: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

1G GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272

2G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

3G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151

4G GrandMother: Empress Matilda 1102-1167

3G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204

4G GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine 1099-1137

4G GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault 1103-1130

2G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246

3G GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême 1160-1202

4G GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angoulême -1179

3G GrandMother: Alice Courtenay -1218

4G GrandFather: Peter Courtenay 1126-1183

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Unknown

1G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

2G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

3G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

4G GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon 1157-1196

4G GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea 1155-1208

3G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

2G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

3G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

4G GrandFather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy 1134-1188

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Macon

3G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva

GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302

1G GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216-

2G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226

3G GrandFather: Philip Augustus II King France 1165-1223

4G GrandFather: Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

4G GrandMother: Adèle Blois

3G GrandMother: Isabelle Flanders 1170-1190

4G GrandFather: Baldwin Flanders V Count Hainault 1150-1195

4G GrandMother: Margaret Metz I Count Flanders -1194

2G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252

3G GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214

4G GrandFather: Sancho III King Castile 1134-1158

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez 1133-1156

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile 1161-1214

4G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204

1G GrandMother: Matilda Reginar 1224-1288

2G GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 1207-1248

3G GrandFather: Henry Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine, I Duke Brabant 1165-1235

4G GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine 1142-1190

4G GrandMother: Margaret Luxembourg

3G GrandMother: Maud Metz 1170-1210

4G GrandFather: Matthew Metz Count Boulogne -1173

4G GrandMother: Marie Blois I Count Boulogne 1136-1182

2G GrandMother: Marie Swabia

3G GrandFather: Philip Swabia

Mother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

1G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1218-1258

GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp 1263-1306

1G GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick 1237-1298

2G GrandFather: William Beauchamp 1215-1268

3G GrandFather: Walter Beauchamp 1195-1236

4G GrandFather: William Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp 1142-1197

4G GrandMother: Jeanne de Saint-Valéry Saint-Valéry

3G GrandMother: Joan Mortimer 1197-1225

4G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1152-1214

4G GrandMother: Isabel Ferrers -1219

2G GrandMother: Isabel Maudit

3G GrandFather: William Maudit

3G GrandMother: Alice Beaumont-Roger -1262

4G GrandFather: Waleran Beaumont-Roger 4th Earl Warwick 1153-1204

4G GrandMother: Alice Harcourt

1G GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn 1238-1301

2G GrandFather: John Fitzpeter 1205-1258

3G GrandFather: Geoffrey Fitzpeter 1st Earl Essex 1162-1213

3G GrandMother: Aveline Clare

4G GrandFather: Roger Clare 2nd Earl Hertford 1116-1173

4G GrandMother: Maud St Hilary

2G GrandMother: Isabel Bigod 1212-1250

3G GrandFather: Hugh Bigod 3rd Earl Norfolk 1182-1225

4G GrandFather: Roger Bigod 2nd Earl Norfolk 1144-1221

4G GrandMother: Ida Tosny 1156-1226

3G GrandMother: Maud Marshal 1194-1248

4G GrandFather: William Marshal 1146-1219

4G GrandMother: Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke 1172-1220