BIOGRAPHY OF HENRY VI KING ENGLAND, II KING FRANCE 1421-1471

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

Descent English Royalty: Son Henry V King England

Descent French Royalty: Grandson Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France

EVENTS

On 06 Dec 1421 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 was born to Henry V King England 1386-1422 (35) and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (20) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On 31 Aug 1422 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 succeeded VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster

On 21 Oct 1422 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 succeeded II King France: Lancaster

In 1426 Edmund Hungerford 1409-1484 (17) was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (4)

In 1426 Robert Wingfield 1403-1454 (23) was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (4) at Hereford, Herefordshire

On 19 May 1426 Ralph Longford 1400-1432 (25) was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (4)

On 06 Nov 1429 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (7) was crowned VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (54) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (4) carried the child King. John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (14) attended. John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (20)

On 16 Dec 1431 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (10) was crowned II King France: Lancaster at Notre Dame de Paris. Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (53) was appointed Carver. Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (31) , Hugh Courtenay 12th Earl Devon 1389-1422 and Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (17)

In 1441 Eleanor Cobham 1400-1452 (41) , wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (50) , brother of the deceased Henry V King England 1386-1422, uncle of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (19) , was tried for predicting the future of the King. She consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell and Roger Bolingbroke. All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessed to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne, 'the Witch of Eye'. Thomas Southwell died whilst in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

In Sep 1444 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (42) was created 1st Duke Buckingham (1C 1444) by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (22) in reward many years of loyal and continuous service to the Crown.

On 23 Apr 1445 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (23) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (15) were married at Titchfield Abbey, Fareham, Hampshire

On 05 Jan 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (22) , Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (22) , William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423- (30) , brothers Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (22) and Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (21) and Roger Lewkenor were knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) at Greenwich, Kent during the Knighting at Greenwich

On Aug 1453 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) suffered a mental breakdown

On 13 Oct 1453 Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 was born to Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (23) at Westminster Palace, Westminster. When Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) recovered from his catatonic state, he greeted the child as a 'miracle'. There is some speculation as the child's actual father since Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (23) had been married for many years before the child was born. Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (47)

On Jan 1455 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33) recovered

On Jan 1455 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was released by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33)

On 22 May 1455 at the First Battle of St Albans. The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) , Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) , William Cotton -1455, Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge, Ludlow, Shropshire. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (37) who was present. The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (48) , the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17) , Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (26) . Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (52) was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41) .

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) , George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (28) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55) , Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (22) defeated the Lancastrian army at Northampton, Northamptonshire during the Battle of Northampton. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) was captured. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) , John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42) , Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (37) and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (50) were killed. Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (40) fought. William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and William Norreys 1441-1507 (19) were knighted. Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.

On 25 Oct 1460 Parliament enacted the Act of Accord (39 Hen VI) by which Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (49) was declared heir to Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) disinheriting Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (7) at the same Parliament on 31 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (49) was appointed as Prince Wales, Earl Chester, Duke Cornwall and Lord Protector.

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) . The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) , John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) . Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) , William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.

On 18 Feb 1461 after the Second Battle of St Albans William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 (68) and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) during the battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (30) reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.

On 13 Jul 1465 James Harrington 1430-1485 (35) assisted with the capture of the fugitive Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (43) by being the instrument of persuasion that induced Sir Thomas Talbot of Bashall, and Sir Richard Tempest of Bracewell, who were sheltering the King, to betray him, and received £66 and £100 for expenses and reward.

On 22 Jul 1470 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (42) , Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (48) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (40) signed the Angers Agreement that had been arranged by Louis "Father of the People" XI King France 1423-1483 (47) at Angers Cathedral, Angers. Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (16) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were formally betrothed as part of the Agreement.

On 03 Oct 1470 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (48) was re-adepted VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (50)

On 21 May 1471 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (49) died (possibly murdered) at Wakefield Tower, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London during the Death of Henry VI

Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 was buried at Altar, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

ANCESTRY

Father: Henry V King England 1386-1422 (Son Henry IV King England)

GrandFather: Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (Grandson Edward III King England)

1G GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (Son Edward III King England)

2G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 (Son Edward II King England)

3G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 (Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (Son Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (5G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 (4G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 (3G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg 1252-1311 (5G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Joan Valois 1294-1342 (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet 1273-1299 (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandMother: Blanche Plantagenet 5th Countess Lancaster, 6th Countess Leicester 1345-1368 (2G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

2G GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (1G Grandson Henry III King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (Grandson Henry III King England)

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (Son Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302 (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp 1263-1306

2G GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont 1320-1361 (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Louis Brienne Viscount Beaumont 1227-1297 (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Agnes Beaumont-Sarthe (2G Granddaughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Alice Comyn

4G GrandFather: Alexander Comyn -1308

4G GrandMother: Joanna Latimer 1269-1320

GrandMother: Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (2G Granddaughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

1G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford, 6th Earl Essex, 2nd Earl Northampton 1341-1373 (1G Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

2G GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (Grandson Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322

4G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298

4G GrandMother: Maud Fiennes 1254-1298

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Plantagenet 1282-1316 (Daughter Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (Son Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere 1313-1356 (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322

4G GrandFather: Gunselin Badlesmere -1301

4G GrandMother: Joan Fitzbernard

3G GrandMother: Margaret Clare 1287-1333 (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287 (4G Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300 (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan 1347-1419 (2G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

2G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 (5G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 (4G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (3G Grandson John "Lackland" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

3G GrandMother: Alice Warenne

4G GrandFather: William Warenne -1286

4G GrandMother: Joan Vere

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet 1318-1372 (1G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (Grandson Henry III King England)

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (Son Henry III King England)

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302 (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp 1263-1306

Mother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (5G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

GrandFather: Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 (4G Grandson Henry III King England)

1G GrandFather: Charles V King France 1338-1380 (5G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet 1273-1299 (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandMother: Joan "Lame" Burgundy 1293-1349 (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Robert Burgundy II Duke Burgundy 1248-1306 (5G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Agnes Capet (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Bonne Luxembourg 1315-1349 (7G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandFather: John I King Bohemia 1296-1346 (6G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry Luxembourg VII Holy Roman Emperor Luxembourg 1275-1313 (5G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Margaret Brabant

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohemia

1G GrandMother: Joanna Bourbon 1338-1378 (3G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

2G GrandFather: Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon 1311-1356 (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Louis Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1279-1341 (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Robert Bourbon 1st Count Clermont 1256-1317 (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Burgundy 1257-1310 (6G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Mary Hainault 1280-1354 (4G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 (3G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg 1252-1311 (5G Granddaughter William "Conqueror" I King England)

2G GrandMother: Isabella Valois 1313-1383 (2G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

3G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona 1248-1271

3G GrandMother: Mahaut Chatillon 1293-1358 (1G Granddaughter Henry III King England)

4G GrandFather: Guy Chatillon IV Count Saint-Pol 1254-1317 (3G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandMother: Marie Capet 1268-1339 (Granddaughter Henry III King England)

GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach 1370-1435 (6G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Stephen "Magnificient, Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria 1337-1413 (5G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Stephen Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria 1319-1375 (4G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Louis Wittelsbach IV Holy Roman Emperor 1282-1347 (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Louis "Strict" Wittelsbach II Duke Upper Bavaria 1229-1294 (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Matilda Habsburg 1253-1304

3G GrandMother: Beatrix Świdnica

2G GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona 1310-1349 (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Frederick III King Sicily 1272-1337

4G GrandFather: Peter III King Aragon 1240-1285

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Capet (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309 (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandMother: Mary Unknown

1G GrandMother: Taddea Visconti

2G GrandFather: Bernabò Visconti

2G GrandMother: Beatrice Scala