BIOGRAPHY OF HENRY III KING ENGLAND 1207-1272

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

Descent English Royalty: Son John "Lackland" I King England

Descent French Royalty: 2G Grandson Louis "Fat" VI King France

EVENTS

On 01 Oct 1207 Henry III King England 1207-1272 was born to John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (40) and Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (19) at Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire

On 19 Oct 1216 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (9) succeeded III King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 28 Oct 1216 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (9) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire during the Gloucester Coronation of Henry III at which Cardinal Guala Bicchieri 1150-1227 (66) presided, Sylvester Unknown Bishop Worcester -1218 and Simon Apulia Bishop Exeter -1223 anointed the King. The coronation took place in Gloucester since London was at the time held by rebels. John Monmouth 1182-1248 (34) was present.

On 17 May 1220 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (12) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Westminster Coronation of Henry III since the Pope didn't consider the earlier Gloucester Coronation of Henry III to have been performed correctly. Stephen Langton Archbishop Canterbury presided.

In 1232 Ednyfed "Fychan aka Younger" Kingdom Gwynedd 1170-1246 (62) represented Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw 1172-1240 (60) at a meeting with Henry III King England 1207-1272 (24)

On 14 Jan 1236 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (28) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (13) were married at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent by Edmund Rich Archbishop Canterbury 1174-1240 (61)

On 17 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (31) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (16) at Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 29 Sep 1240 Margaret Plantagenet 1240-1275 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (32) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (17) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On 24 Jun 1242 Beatrice Plantagenet 1242-1275 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (34) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (19) at Bordeaux, France

On 21 Jul 1242 the forces of Henry III King England 1207-1272 (34) and Hugh Lusignan XI Count Lusignan, VI Count La Marche, II Count Angoulême 1221-1250 (21) fought against the forces of at Louis IX King France 1214-1270 (28) and his brother Alphonse Capet Count Poitou, II Count Toulose 1220-1271 (21) at Taillebourg during the Battle of Taillebourg. The battle was a decisive victory for the French. Henry thereafter signed a five-year truce with the French.

On 16 Jan 1245 Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (37) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (22) at City of London

In 1252 Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (37) was pardoned by Henry III King England 1207-1272 (44)

On 25 Nov 1253 Katherine Plantagenet 1253-1257 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (46) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (30) at Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (56) including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (20) , Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (29) and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (26) defeated the army of Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56) during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes, East Sussex, Sussex. Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56) , his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24) , Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (60) , Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (55) , John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch 1220-1275 (44) and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (32) were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (33) , John Balliol 1207-1268 (56) , Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale 1215-1295 (49) , Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (49) and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 fought for the King. Guy Lusignan -1264 was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin 1220-1264 (44) drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester 1191-1266 (72) was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (57) , led by his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (26) , supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (21) , Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (33) defeated the rebel army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (57) . Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (50) fought and reputedly saved the King's life. Adam Mohaut rescued the King. The rebels Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (57) and his son Henry Montfort 1238-1265 (26) were killed. Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 1223-1265 (41) was killed by Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1231-1282 (34) . The rebels Simon Beauchamp 1234-1265 (31) , Ralph Basset 1st Baron Basset Drayton 1242-1265 (23) , William Devereux 1219-1265 (46) , Hugh Troyes -1265, Richard Trussel -1265, Peter Montfort 1205-1265 (60) , William Mandeville -1265, William Crepping -1265, William Birmingham -1265, Guy Balliol -1265 and Thomas Astley 1215-1265 (50) were killed. Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (30) , Humphrey Bohun 1225-1265 (40) , Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (27) , John Vesci -1289, John Fitzjohn and Guy Montfort Count Nola 1244-1288 (21)

On 31 Oct 1266 the Dictum of Kenilworth was issued. The Dictum was a peace agreement between Henry III King England 1207-1272 (59) and the rebels who were besieged in the impregnable Kenilworth Castle, Kenilworth, Warwickshire. Those appointed to the committee by Parliament included: Bishops Walter Branscombe Bishop Exeter 1220-1280 (46) , Walter Giffard Archbishop York 1225-1279 (41) , Nicholas Unknown Bishop Worcester, Bishop Winchester -1280, Earls Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314 and Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (62) and Barons Philip Basset 1184-1271 (82) , John Balliol 1207-1268 (58) , Robert Walerand, Alan Zouche 1203-1270 (63) , Roger Somery 2nd Baron Dudley 1190-1273 (76) and Warin Bassingbourne. The committee were given until All Saints Day, 01 Nov 1266, to draft and agreement. The primary purpose of the Dictum was to restore Royal authority repudiating the Provisions of Oxford, confirming the Magna Carta and Charter of the Forest. Rebels were fined five times their annual income. Rebel commanders Robert Ferrers 6th Earl Derby 1239-1279 (27) and Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (31) were fined seven times their annual income. The Dictum, however, required the rebels to pay their fines before being restored to their lands; something of a Catch-22 since if they weren't restored to their lands, they would have no income to pay the fine.

On 16 Nov 1272 Henry III King England 1207-1272 (65) died at Westminster

ANCESTRY

Father: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

1G GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151

2G GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem 1089-1143

3G GrandFather: Fulk "Réchin" Anjou 4th Count Anjou 1043-1109

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey "Ferréol" Anjou 2nd Count Gâtinais -1043

4G GrandMother: Ermengarde-Blanche Ingelger 1018-1076

3G GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort

4G GrandFather: Simon Montfort 1025-1087

4G GrandMother: Agnes Normandy

2G GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency

3G GrandFather: Elias La Flèche-De Baugency I Count Maine -1110

4G GrandFather: Jean de la Flèche La Flèche-De Baugency

4G GrandMother: Paula Maine

3G GrandMother: Matilda Chateau-Du-Loir

4G GrandFather: Gervais II Lord Chateau-Du-Loir

1G GrandMother: Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (Daughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135 (Son William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandFather: William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

4G GrandFather: Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy 1000-1035

4G GrandMother: Herleva Unknown

3G GrandMother: Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083

4G GrandFather: Baldwin "The Good" Flanders V Count Flanders 1012-1067

4G GrandMother: Adela Capet 1009-1079

2G GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118

3G GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

4G GrandFather: Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland 1001-1040

4G GrandMother: Bethóc Unknown

3G GrandMother: Margaret Wessex 1045-1093

4G GrandFather: Edward "The Exile" Wessex 1016-1057

4G GrandMother: Agatha Unknown

GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204

1G GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine 1099-1137

2G GrandFather: William "Troubadour" Poitiers IX Duke Aquitaine 1071-1127

3G GrandFather: [Guy] William Poitiers VIII Duke Aquitaine 1025-1086

4G GrandFather: William "Great" Poitiers V Duke Aquitaine 969-1030

4G GrandMother: Agnes Ivrea

3G GrandMother: Hildegarde Burgundy 1056-1104

4G GrandFather: Robert Burgundy I Duke Burgundy 1011-1076

4G GrandMother: Ermengarde-Blanche Ingelger 1018-1076

2G GrandMother: Philippa Rouerge

3G GrandFather: William Rouerge Duke Narbonne 1040-1094

4G GrandFather: Pons Rouerge Margrave Provence 991-1061

4G GrandMother: Almodis La Marche 1020-1071

3G GrandMother: Emma Mortain

4G GrandFather: Robert Mortain Count Mortain, 1st Earl Cornwall 1031-1090

4G GrandMother: Matilda or Maud Montgomery -1085

1G GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault 1103-1130

2G GrandFather: Aimery Chatellerault Viscount Châtellerault

2G GrandMother: Dangereuse Île-Bouchard 1079-1151

3G GrandFather: Bartholomew Île-Bouchard

Mother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246

GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême 1160-1202

1G GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angoulême -1179

2G GrandFather: Wulfgrin Angouleme II Count Angoulême -1140

3G GrandFather: William Angouleme V Count Angoulême -1120

4G GrandFather: Fulk Angouleme I Count Angoulême 1026-1089

3G GrandMother: Vitapoy Benauges

2G GrandMother: Pontia La Marche

3G GrandFather: Roger "The Poitevin" Montgomery Viscount Hiemois 1065-1139

4G GrandFather: Roger "The Great" Montgomery 1st Earl Shrewsbury -1094

4G GrandMother: Mabel Bellême -1079

3G GrandMother: Almodis La Marche

4G GrandFather: Aldebert La Marche II Count La Marche

GrandMother: Alice Courtenay -1218

1G GrandFather: Peter Courtenay 1126-1183

2G GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

3G GrandFather: Philip "Amorous" I King France 1052-1108

4G GrandFather: Henry I King France 1008-1060

4G GrandMother: Anne Rurik 1030-1075

3G GrandMother: Bertha Countholland 1055-1094

4G GrandFather: Floris Countholland I Count Holland 1025-1061

4G GrandMother: Gertrude Billung 1030-1113

2G GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy -1154

3G GrandFather: Humbert "Fat" Savoy II Count Savoy 1065-1103

4G GrandFather: Amadeus Savoy II Count Savoy 1050-1080

3G GrandMother: Gisela Ivrea

4G GrandFather: William Ivrea I Count Burgundy 1020-1087

4G GrandMother: Ettiennette Unknown

1G GrandMother: Elizabeth Unknown