BIOGRAPHY OF HENRY "CURTMANTLE" II KING ENGLAND 1133-1189

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

EVENTS

On 05 Mar 1133 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was born to Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 (19) and Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (31) at Le Mans, France

Before 1152 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 natural Ykenai Unknown

Around 1152 Geoffrey Plantagenet Archbishop York 1152-1212 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (18) and Ykenai Unknown

On 18 May 1152 Whit Sunday Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) were married at Poitiers Cathedral, Poitiers. They were more closely related than Eleanor and her previous husband Louis. The marriage brought the Kingdom of England, the Duchies of Normandy and Aquitaine under the control of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) ; once conquered.

Around 05 Jun 1152 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) visited Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon where she met Matilda Anjou Abbess Fontevraud 1111-1154 (41) (her husband's Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) 's aunt by marriage - Matilda Anjou Abbess Fontevraud 1111-1154 (41) had married William Adelin Normandy Duke Normandy 1103-1120 brother of his mother Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (50) who had died in the White Ship Disaster).

Before Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 visited his mother Empress Matilda 1102-1167 in Rouen to seek funds for his impending invasion of England.

In Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) sailed from Barfleur, Basse Normandie to England, arriving the next day, with a fleet of twenty-six ships, and an army, to bring Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) submit to Henry's authority.

In Jul 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) arrived at Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire to relieve the siege that Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) had commenced in 1152.

Around Aug 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) and Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) agreed the Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster by which Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) would inherit the throne on the death of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) . The Treaty was ratified by Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (63) at Westminster in Christmas 1153.

On 17 Aug 1153 William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (31) at Poitiers

Around Mar 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) returned to Rouen and met with his mother Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (52) , and his brothers. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) joined them to celebrate Easter with their first son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 who met his father for the first time aged around eight months.

On 25 Oct 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 07 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) , the seven months pregnant Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) and their son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 (1) left Barfleur, Basse Normandie for England.

On 08 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) and his party landed near Southampton, Hampshire.

On 19 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) was crowned Queen Consort England. Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (64) presided.

On 28 Feb 1155 Henry the Young King 1155-1183 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (33) at Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey

In 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) besieged Chinon Castle, Chinon

On 06 Jan 1156 Matilda Plantagenet Duchess Saxony 1156-1189 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire (probably) and named after her paternal grandmother Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (53) .

On 10 Jan 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) crossed from Dover, Kent to Wissant. Richard "The Loyal" Lucy 1089-1179 (67) was appointed Regent in Henry's absence. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) was placed in the care of Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (66) and John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres 1118-1180 (38) . Her party included her sister Petronilla Poitiers 1125-1193 (31)

On 05 Feb 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) paid homage to Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (36) for his lands in Normandy, France, Anjou, France and Aquitaine, France.

Before 29 Aug 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 were reunited in Saumur.

In Dec 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (23) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) held Christmas in Bordeaux, France.

Around 30 May 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (35) spent Whitsun at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk for a ceremonial crown wearing.

On 08 Sep 1157 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (35) at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire

In Dec 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (35) held Christmas Court at Lincoln, Lincolnshire.

In Dec 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (35) held Christmas Court at Cherbourg.

On 23 Sep 1158 Geoffrey Plantagenet 2nd Duke Brittany 1158-1186 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (25) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (36)

In Oct 1161 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (28) and Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (41) met at Fréteval and made peace.

On 13 Oct 1161 Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile 1161-1214 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (28) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (39) at Domfront Castle, Domfront named Eleanor after her mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (39) . She was baptised by Cardinal Henry of Pisa with Robert of Torigni as godfather.

On 25 Jan 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (30) attempted to constrain ecclesiastical privileges by the sixteen articles of the Constitutions of Clarendon. Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (44) rejected the articles.

In Oct 1164 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (44) was put on trial in Northampton, Northamptonshire by Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (31) on a charge of contempt. After a week of discussion Becket fled to Flanders with John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres 1118-1180 (46) .

In Dec 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (31) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (42) held Christmas Court at Marlborough, Wiltshire.

In 26 Dec 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (31) banished all of Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (45) 's relatives from England. Around 400 people were affected. They were stripped of their possessions and shipped to Flanders.

Around Aug 1165 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (32) commenced his affair with Rosamund Clifford 1136-1176 (29) who he may have first met when staying at her father Rosamund Clifford 1136-1176 (29) 's house in Bredelais, Herefordshire (assumed to be in Herefordshire).

On Oct 1165 Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Sicily 1165-1199 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (32) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (43) at Chateau de Angers, Angers

On 16 Mar 1166 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (33) travelled from St Andrew's Church, Owlesbury, Hampshire to Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie.

On 24 Dec 1166 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (33) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (44)

On 29 Dec 1170 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (51) was murdered at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent by four knights on behalf of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (37) .

In Dec 1174 William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214 (31) , imprisoned at Falaise Castle, Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie, signed the Treaty of Falaise by which he agreed Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (41) was overlord of Scotland.

Around 1176 William "Longsword" Longespée 3rd Earl Salisbury 1176-1226 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (42) and Ida Tosny 1156-1226 (20)

On 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (56) died at Chinon Castle, Chinon. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale -1189 was present. .

After 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was buried at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was created as Duke Normandy

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 natural Ida Tosny 1156-1226

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 natural Rosamund Clifford 1136-1176

ANCESTRY

Father: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151

GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem 1089-1143

1G GrandFather: Fulk "Réchin" Anjou 4th Count Anjou 1043-1109

2G GrandFather: Geoffrey "Ferréol" Anjou 2nd Count Gâtinais -1043

3G GrandFather: Hugh Anjou

3G GrandMother: Béatrice Unknown

4G GrandFather: Albéric Unknown II Count Mâcon

2G GrandMother: Ermengarde-Blanche Ingelger 1018-1076

3G GrandFather: Fulk "Black" Ingelger III Count Anjou 970-1040

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey "Greygown" Ingelger 1st Count Anjou 939-987

4G GrandMother: Adele Vermandois 934-982

3G GrandMother: Hildegarde Sundgau

1G GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort

2G GrandFather: Simon Montfort 1025-1087

3G GrandFather: Aumary Reginarids -1052

4G GrandFather: William Reginarids 960-

3G GrandMother: Bertrade Unknown

2G GrandMother: Agnes Normandy

3G GrandFather: Richard Normandy 2nd Count Évreux -1067

4G GrandFather: Robert Normandy Archbishop Rouen 988-1037

4G GrandMother: Herleva Unknown

3G GrandMother: Godechildis Unknown

GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency

1G GrandFather: Elias La Flèche-De Baugency I Count Maine -1110

2G GrandFather: Jean de la Flèche La Flèche-De Baugency

2G GrandMother: Paula Maine

3G GrandFather: Herbert "Wakedog" Maine I Count Maine 984-1035

4G GrandFather: Hugh Maine III Count Maine 960-1015

4G GrandMother: Unamed Penthièvre

1G GrandMother: Matilda Chateau-Du-Loir

2G GrandFather: Gervais II Lord Chateau-Du-Loir

Mother: Empress Matilda 1102-1167

GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

1G GrandFather: William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

2G GrandFather: Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy 1000-1035

3G GrandFather: Richard "Good" Normandy II Duke Normandy 963-1026

4G GrandFather: Richard "Fearless" Normandy I Duke Normandy 932-996

4G GrandMother: Gunnora Unknown

3G GrandMother: Judith Penthièvre 982-1017

4G GrandFather: Conan "Crooked" Penthièvre III Duke Brittany -992

4G GrandMother: Ermengarde-Gerberga Ingelger 956-1024

2G GrandMother: Herleva Unknown

1G GrandMother: Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083

2G GrandFather: Baldwin "The Good" Flanders V Count Flanders 1012-1067

3G GrandFather: Baldwin "Bearded" Flanders IV Count Flanders 980-1035

4G GrandFather: Arnulf Flanders II Count Flanders 960-987

4G GrandMother: Rozala Lombardy

3G GrandMother: Ogive Luxembourg-Ardennes -1036

4G GrandFather: Frederick Luxembourg-Ardennes 965-1019

4G GrandMother: Ermentrude Gleiburg

2G GrandMother: Adela Capet 1009-1079

3G GrandFather: Robert "Pious" II King France 972-1031

4G GrandFather: Hugh I King France 941-996

4G GrandMother: Adelaide Poitiers 945-1004

3G GrandMother: Constance Arles 986-1034

4G GrandFather: William "Liberator" Arles 1st Count Provence, 1st Count Arles 950-993

4G GrandMother: Adelaide-Blanche Ingelger 940-1026

GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118

1G GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

2G GrandFather: Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland 1001-1040

2G GrandMother: Bethóc Unknown

1G GrandMother: Margaret Wessex 1045-1093

2G GrandFather: Edward "The Exile" Wessex 1016-1057

3G GrandFather: Edmund "Ironside" I King England 1015-1016

4G GrandFather: Aethelred "Unready" II King England 966-1016

4G GrandMother: Aelfgifu Northumbria

3G GrandMother: Ealdgyth Unknown

2G GrandMother: Agatha Unknown