BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD III KING ENGLAND 1312-1377

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

Descent English Royalty: Son Edward II King England

Descent French Royalty: Grandson Philip "Fair" IV King France

EVENTS

On 12 Nov 1312 Edward III King England 1312-1377 was born to Edward II King England 1284-1327 (28) and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (17) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On 25 Jan 1327 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (14) succeeded III King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 01 Feb 1327 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (14) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster

On 24 Jan 1328 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (15) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (13) were married at York Minster, York, Yorkshire

On 31 May 1328 the Mortimer family leveraged their new status at a lavish ceremony that celebrated two marriages in Hereford, Herefordshire. Edward Plantagenet 1320-1334 (8) and Beatrice Mortimer 1322-1383 (6) were married. Laurence Hastings 1st Earl Pembroke 1319-1348 (9) and Agnes Mortimer 1317-1368 (11) were married. Edward III King England 1312-1377 (15) and his mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (33) attended as well as Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (41)

On 19 Mar 1330 the King's uncle Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28) was beheaded at Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire by a convicted latrine cleaner who was also facing the death penalty; no-one else would undertake the task. He had been convicted of plotting against the court believing his brother Edward II was still alive. It later emerged the plot had been created by Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (42) to entrap Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28) . Edward III King England 1312-1377 (17)

On 15 Jun 1330 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (17) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (15) at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

On 19 Oct 1330 John Neville 1299-1335 (30) , William Eland, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (20) , William Clinton 1st Earl Huntingdon 1304-1354 (26) and William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (29) , friends of Edward III King England 1312-1377 (17) secretly entered Nottingham Castle, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire through tunnels, met with Edward III King England 1312-1377 (17) , and arrested Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (43) and his son Geoffrey Mortimer 1309-1372 (21) in the presence of Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (35)

On 16 Jun 1332 Isabella Plantagenet 1332-1382 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (19) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (17) at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

On 19 Jul 1333 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (20) defeated the Scots army at the Battle of Halidon Hill near Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland. English archers, just as at the Battle of Dupplin Moor one year previously, had a significant impact on the massed ranks of Scottish schiltrons. Edward's army included: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 (33) , who commanded the right wing, Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (56) , Robert Pierrepoint -1334, Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (30) , Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (53) and John Sully 1283-1388 (50) . One of the few English casualties was John Neville 1299-1333 (34) who was killed. The Scottish army included David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (9) . Alexander Bruce -1333, Alan Stewart -1333, John Stewart -1333, James Stewart 1276-1333 (57) , John Stewart -1333, William Douglas 1st Earl Atholl -1333, Archibald Douglas 1297-1333 (35) , Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox -1333, Hugh Ross 4th Earl Ross 1296-1333 (36) and Kenneth de Moravia Sutherland 4th Earl Sutherland -1333 who were all killed.

On 19 Dec 1333 Joan Plantagenet 1333-1348 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (21) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (19) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 30 Nov 1335 David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl 1309-1335 (26) was killed at Culblean during the Battle of Culblean. Whilst small the battle had a significant impact insofar as it brought an end to the campaign of Edward III King England 1312-1377 (23) also ending the aspirations to the Scottish throne of Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (52) .

Before 06 Jul 1336 Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 abducted Margaret Audley 2nd Baroness Audley Stratton Audley 1318-1349. She being the heir of the very wealthy Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347; considerably more wealthy than Ralph. Edward III King England 1312-1377 was sympathetic despite the complaint of her father since Ralph had been one of Edward III King England 1312-1377's key supporters during the plot to arrest Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330. Margaret Audley 2nd Baroness Audley Stratton Audley 1318-1349's father was subsequently created Earl as a quid pro quo.

In 1337 Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 (46) was created 1st Earl Gloucester (3C 1337) by Edward III King England 1312-1377 (24) as compensation for his daughter Margaret Audley 2nd Baroness Audley Stratton Audley 1318-1349 (19) having been abducted by Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (35) .

On 16 Feb 1337 William Plantagenet 1337-1337 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (24) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (22) at Hatfield, Yorkshire

On 29 Nov 1338 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (26) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (24) at Antwerp, Flanders

On 06 Mar 1340 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (27) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (25) at Ghent, Flanders

On 24 Jun 1340 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (27) attacked the French fleet at anchor during the Battle of Sluys capturing more than 200 ships, killing around 18000 French. The English force included John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360 (24) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (30) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (27) , William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (10) , John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (22) , Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (38) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (30) , Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (30) and Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (20) . Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer 1301-1340 (38) died from wounds.

On 05 Jun 1341 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (28) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (26) at King's Langley, Hertfordshire

On 23 Apr 1344 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (31) was appointed 0th Knight Garter: Founder

On 10 Oct 1344 Mary Plantagenet 1344-1361 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (31) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (30) at Bishop Waltham's Palace, Hampshire

After 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 was buried at Hospital Chapel, Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire at a ceremony attended by Edward III King England 1312-1377 and his wife Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 during the Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

On 12 Jul 1346 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (33) landed at La Hogue

On 20 Jul 1346 Margaret Plantagenet 1346-1361 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (33) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (32)

On 26 Aug 1346 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (16) defeated the French army at Crecy during the Battle of Crecy. The English army was commanded by Edward III King England 1312-1377 (33) , his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (16) , Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (33) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (36) and John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360 (30) .

On 29 Aug 1350 the English fleet defeated a Castilian fleet at Winchelsea, Sussex during the Battle of Winchelsea. Around twenty Castilian ships were captured; several were sunk. For the English Edward III King England 1312-1377 (37) and his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (20) , James Audley 1318-1369 (32) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (37) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (40) and John Sully 1283-1388 (67) fought.

In 1354 Henry Green -1369 was knighted by Edward III King England 1312-1377 (41)

On 07 Jan 1355 Thomas Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (42) and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (40) at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

On 20 Jan 1356 Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 (73) surrendered his claim to the Scottish throne to Edward III King England 1312-1377 (43) in the presence of William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (25)

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of Edward III King England 1312-1377 (47) were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (47) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (50) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (50) , Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (29) and Walter Mauny were present. Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. Edward III King England 1312-1377 (47) believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Bretigny.

On 24 Oct 1360, three weeks after the Black Monday Hailstorm, Edward III King England 1312-1377 (47) and John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41) , and their eldest sons Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (30) and the future Charles V King France 1338-1380 (22) , ratified the Treaty of Brétigny at Calais. Louis Valois-Anjou I Duke Anjou 1339-1384 (21) and John Valois 1st Duke Berry 1340-1416 (19) were given as hostages. Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy 1342-1404 (18) was ransomed. The treaty confirmed lands held by Edward III King England 1312-1377 (47) including Aquitaine. John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41) was ransomed for three million écus being released after the payment of the first third.

In 1363 Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (7) became a ward of Edward III King England 1312-1377 (50)

On 21 Jun 1377 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond, Surrey

After 21 Jun 1377 Edward III King England 1312-1377 was buried at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey, Westminster

After 1396. Monument to Robert Willoughby 4th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1349-1396 and his third wife Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer Corby 1357-1395 in St James' Church, Spilsby, Lincolnshire. Early Plate Period (Bascinet) Period. Remarkable helm on which the Baron's head rests. The effigy of a bearded man, possibly generic. The presence of a coronet or crown may suggest the face is that of Edward III King England 1312-1377

ANCESTRY

Father: Edward II King England 1284-1327 (Son Edward "Longshanks" I King England)

GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (Son Henry III King England)

1G GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 (Son John "Lackland" I King England)

2G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (Son Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151

4G GrandMother: Empress Matilda 1102-1167 (Daughter Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

3G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204

4G GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine 1099-1137

4G GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault 1103-1130

2G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246

3G GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême 1160-1202

4G GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angoulême -1179

3G GrandMother: Alice Courtenay -1218

4G GrandFather: Peter Courtenay 1126-1183

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Unknown

1G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

2G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

3G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

4G GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon 1157-1196

4G GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea 1155-1208

3G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

2G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

3G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

4G GrandFather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy 1134-1188

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Macon

3G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva

GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252 (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230

3G GrandFather: Ferdinand II King Leon 1137-1188

4G GrandFather: Alfonso VII King Castile, VII King Leon 1105-1157

4G GrandMother: Berenguela Barcelona

3G GrandMother: Urraca Burgundy Queen Consort Leon 1148-1211

4G GrandFather: Afonso "Conqueror Founder Great" I King Portugal 1109-1185

4G GrandMother: Malfada Savoy Queen Consort Portugal 1125-1157

2G GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214

4G GrandFather: Sancho III King Castile 1134-1158

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez 1133-1156

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile 1161-1214 (Daughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (Grandson Henry "Beauclearc" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204

1G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Count Ponthieu 1220-1279

2G GrandFather: Simon Dammartin 1180-1239

3G GrandFather: Alberic Dammartin -1200

3G GrandMother: Mathilde Clermont

4G GrandFather: Renaud II Clermont

2G GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu 1199-1250

3G GrandFather: William Montgomery IV Count Ponthieu 1179-1221

4G GrandFather: John Montgomery I Count Ponthieu 1140-1191

4G GrandMother: Beatrice St Pol

3G GrandMother: Alys Capet 1160-1220

4G GrandFather: Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

4G GrandMother: Constance Ivrea 1140-1160

Mother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (4G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 (3G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 (2G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Philip Augustus II King France 1165-1223 (2G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Isabelle Flanders 1170-1190

3G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile 1161-1214 (Daughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

3G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

4G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

4G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

3G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

4G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

4G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva

1G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona 1248-1271

2G GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

3G GrandFather: Peter II King Aragon 1178-1213

4G GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon 1157-1196

4G GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea 1155-1208

3G GrandMother: Marie Montpellier

2G GrandMother: Violant Unknown

GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 (3G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

1G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 (4G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

2G GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre 1201-1253 (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

3G GrandFather: Theobald Blois 1179-1201 (2G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry Blois I Count Champagne 1127-1181 (1G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Marie Capet 1145-1198

3G GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez -1229

4G GrandFather: Sancho "Wise" Ramirez 1132-1194

4G GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea

2G GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon

1G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302 (2G Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216- (1G Grandson Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

3G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 (3G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandFather: Philip Augustus II King France 1165-1223 (2G Grandson William "Conqueror" I King England)

4G GrandMother: Isabelle Flanders 1170-1190

3G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 (Granddaughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

4G GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile 1161-1214 (Daughter Henry "Curtmantle" II King England)

2G GrandMother: Matilda Reginar 1224-1288 (2G Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

3G GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 1207-1248 (1G Grandson Stephen I King England)

4G GrandFather: Henry Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine, I Duke Brabant 1165-1235

4G GrandMother: Maud Metz 1170-1210 (Granddaughter Stephen I King England)

3G GrandMother: Marie Swabia

4G GrandFather: Philip Swabia