Biography of Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

EVENTS

Around 1278 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 was born to Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (32) and Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 (30)

In 1294 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (16) and Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, Countess Lancaster, 5th Countess Salisbury, 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 (12) were marriedHalf Second Cousin Twice Removed

On 05 Jun 1296 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (18) succeeded 2nd Earl Leicester (2C 1265), 2nd Earl Lancaster. Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, Countess Lancaster, 5th Countess Salisbury, 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 (14) by marriage Earl Leicester (2C 1265), Earl Lancaster.

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (26)
Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303 (55)
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306 (53)
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298 (49)
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24)
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (37)
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325 (26)
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 (52)
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326 (27)
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308 (43)
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308 (58)
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323 (30)
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (29)
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (48)
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (11)
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316 (43)
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (42)
Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321 (42)
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331 (41)
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 (30)
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (20)
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (17)
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (67)
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25)
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (21)
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (31)
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (18)
John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (59)
Philip Darcy 1258-1333 (39)
Robert Fitzroger
Roger Fitzwalter
Simon Fraser -1306
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (23)
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 (30) , and
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (47) .

William Scrope 1245-1312 (53) was knighted.

Of the Scottish army John Stewart -1298 was killed. William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 fought.

Before 09 Mar 1301 seven Earls and 96 Barons signed a letter to the Pope refuting the Pope's claim that Scotland was subject to the Pope's feudal overlordship. The letter was never sent. Those who signed include: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322, Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer 1270-1325, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322, Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306, Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324, William Leybourne, Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345, William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby 1243-1304, Edmund Hastings, John Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings, 14th Baron Bergavenny 1286-1325, Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304, Fulk Fitzwarin 2nd Baron Fitzwarin 1285-1337, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314, Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326, John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset 1274-1336, William Braose 2nd Baron Braose 1260-1326, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324, Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308, John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310, Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321, Robert Vere 5th Earl Oxford 1240-1296, John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin 1253-1309, Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon Gilsland 1276-1313, Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314, Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303, Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314, John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325, William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325, Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316, Piers Mauley 1st Baron Mauley 1181-1241, Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330, Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales -1304, Thomas Furnival 1st Baron Furnivall 1260-1332, Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf 1259-1304, Gilbert Talbot 1st Baron Talbot 1276-1346, William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364, Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford 1272-1308, Walter Fauconberg 1st Baron Fauconberg 1220-1304 .

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) died at Burgh by Sands, Cumberland whilst on his way north to Scotland. Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (29) , Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (35) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (32) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) didn't return from exile. .

On Feb 1311 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (33) jure uxoris 5th Earl Salisbury (1C 1149), 4th Earl Lincoln (4C 1217)

Around 19 Mar 1311 the nobility attempt to constrain Edward II King England 1284-1327 (26) by imposing a Council of Ordainers upon him. The Council included twenty-one signatories:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (39)
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (36)
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (33)
Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311
John Capet 5th Earl Richmond 1266-1334 (45)
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (33) , and
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (36) .

On 04 May 1312 Edward II King England 1284-1327 (28) and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) were at Newcastle on Tyne Castle, Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland where they barely escaped a force led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (34) , Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (39) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (38) . Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) escaped to Scarborough, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire, Edward II King England 1284-1327 (28) to York, Yorkshire. .

Around 15 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) was tried at Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire by Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (40) , Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (36) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (34) and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 (27) . He was condemned to death. .

In 1318 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (40) and Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, Countess Lancaster, 5th Countess Salisbury, 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 (36) were divorced.

On 16 Mar 1322 the rebel army led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) attempted to cross the bridge at Boroughbridge, Yorkshire. Their path was blocked by forces loyal to the King led by Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle 1270-1323 (52) . Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (46) was killed. Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (46) , Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (34) , John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324 (57) and John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers 1290-1365 (32) fought for the rebels. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1300-1322 (22) , Nicholas Longford 1288-1356 (34) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) , John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray 1286-1322 (35) were captured. Warin Lisle 1271-1322 (51) hanged after the battle. .

On 22 Mar 1322 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) was beheaded at Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire .

After 22 Mar 1322 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 was buried at Pontefract Priory, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire

On 25 Mar 1322 Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle 1270-1323 (52) was created 1st Earl Carlisle (1C 1322) in reward for his capture of Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 at the Battle of Boroughbridge.



Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 carried the Royal Crown.

William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 carried the Gilt Spurs.

Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 carried the Royal Sceptre.

Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 carried the Royal Rod.

Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).

Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.

Thomas Grey 1280-1344 and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 attended.

ANCESTRY

Father: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272

1G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

2G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

3G GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151

4G GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem 1089-1143

4G GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency Count Anjou

3G GrandMother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167

4G GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

4G GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118

2G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204

3G GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine 1099-1137

4G GrandFather: William "Troubadour" Poitiers IX Duke Aquitaine 1071-1127

4G GrandMother: Philippa Rouerge Duchess Aquitaine

3G GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine 1103-1130

4G GrandFather: Aimery Chatellerault Viscount Châtellerault

4G GrandMother: Dangereuse Île-Bouchard Viscountess Châtellerault 1079-1151

1G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246

2G GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême 1160-1202

3G GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angoulême -1179

4G GrandFather: Wulfgrin Angouleme II Count Angoulême -1140

4G GrandMother: Pontia La Marche Count Angoulême

2G GrandMother: Alice Courtenay Count Angoulême -1218

3G GrandFather: Peter Courtenay 1126-1183

4G GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

4G GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France -1154

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Unknown

GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

1G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

2G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

3G GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon 1157-1196

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Barcelona V Count Barcelona 1114-1162

3G GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon 1155-1208

4G GrandFather: Alfonso VII King Castile, VII King Leon 1105-1157

4G GrandMother: Richeza Unknown Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

2G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran Count Provence

1G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

2G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

3G GrandFather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy 1134-1188

4G GrandFather: Amadeus Savoy III Count Savoy 1095-1148

4G GrandMother: Mahaut Albon Count Savoy

3G GrandMother: Beatrice Macon Count Savoy

2G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva Count Savoy

Mother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302

GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216-

1G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226

2G GrandFather: Philip Augustus II King France 1165-1223

3G GrandFather: Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

4G GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

4G GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France -1154

3G GrandMother: Adèle Blois

4G GrandFather: Theobald Blois II Count Champagne, IV Count Blois 1090-1152

4G GrandMother: Matilda Carinthia Count Champagne, Count Blois

2G GrandMother: Isabelle Flanders Queen Consort France 1170-1190

3G GrandFather: Baldwin Flanders V Count Hainault 1150-1195

4G GrandFather: Baldwin Flanders IV Count Hainault 1108-1171

4G GrandMother: Alice Namur Count Hainault

3G GrandMother: Margaret Metz Count Hainault, Count Flanders -1194

4G GrandFather: Thierry Metz Count Flanders 1099-1168

4G GrandMother: Sibylla Anjou Countess Essex, Count Flanders 1112-1165

1G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252

2G GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214

3G GrandFather: Sancho III King Castile 1134-1158

4G GrandFather: Alfonso VII King Castile, VII King Leon 1105-1157

4G GrandMother: Berenguela Barcelona Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1116-1149

3G GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez Queen Consort Castile 1133-1156

4G GrandFather: García "Restorer" IV King Navarre 1112-1150

4G GrandMother: Marguerite Aigle Queen Consort Navarre

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214

3G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151

4G GrandMother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167

3G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204

4G GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine 1099-1137

4G GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine 1103-1130

GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288

1G GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 1207-1248

2G GrandFather: Henry Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine, I Duke Brabant 1165-1235

3G GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine 1142-1190

4G GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar VII Duke Lower Lorraine 1107-1142

4G GrandMother: Lutgardis Sulzbach Duchess Lower Lorraine

3G GrandMother: Margaret Luxembourg Duchess Lower Lorraine

4G GrandFather: Henry Luxembourg II Duke Limburg 1111-1167

4G GrandMother: Mathilda Saffenburg Duchess Limburg

2G GrandMother: Maud Metz 1170-1210

3G GrandFather: Matthew Metz Count Boulogne -1173

4G GrandFather: Thierry Metz Count Flanders 1099-1168

4G GrandMother: Sibylla Anjou Countess Essex, Count Flanders 1112-1165

3G GrandMother: Marie Blois I Count Boulogne 1136-1182

4G GrandFather: Stephen I King England 1094-1154

4G GrandMother: Matilda Flanders 1105-1152

1G GrandMother: Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant

2G GrandFather: Philip Swabia