BIOGRAPHY OF RICHARD II KING ENGLAND 1367-1400

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

Descent French Royalty: 2G Grandson Philip "Fair" IV King France

EVENTS

On 06 Jan 1367 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (36) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (38) at Bordeaux, France

In 1377 Simon Burley 1336-1388 (41) was confirmed an annual grant of £100 by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (9)

On 23 Apr 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was appointed 61st Knight Garter: Edward III

On 21 Jun 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster by Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (61) . Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (31) carried the Crown. Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (21) were knighted. Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 (23) attended. .

On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52) , Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (43) , William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (52) , Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (35) , Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) and Robert Hales 1325-1390 (56) at the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .

On 15 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) met with Wat Tyler -1381 at Smithfield, Faringdon Without, City of London. During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler -1381 was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor -1385. Wat Tyler -1381 was then killed by John Cavendish 1374-1417 (7) .

On 20 Jan 1382 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (15) and Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) were married at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (52) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner. Fourth Cousin Once Removed, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin

Around Sep 1386 the Wonderful Parliament sought to reform the administration of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (19) . Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (56) was impeached for his failures in France.

In 1387 David Hamner 1332-1387 (55) was knighted by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (19)

In Feb 1388 Merciless Parliament sought to cleanse Richard II King England 1367-1400 (21) 's administration. Simon Burley 1336-1388 (52) was executed. Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (58) was sentenced to be hung, drawn and quartered. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (26) was attainted. Nicholas Brembre -1399 was tried.

On 30 Dec 1389 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (22) held his Chirstmans Court at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

On 07 Jun 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (28) died of plague (probably) at Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond, Surrey. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) was so distraught at her death he ordered the destruction of Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond, Surrey.

On 03 Aug 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 was buried at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey, Westminster with Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 (41) presiding. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (48) , brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer 1375-1400 (18) , arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood.

In Oct 1394 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) travelled to Ireland with William Hankford 1350-1423 (44) .

On 22 Nov 1395 Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 was buried when Richard II King England 1367-1400 (28) had the coffin opened to kiss his lost friend's hand and to gaze on his face one last time

On 31 Oct 1396 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) and Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 (6) were married. The marriage being one of the terms of a twenty-eight year peace treaty with France. He twenty-nine, she six. Fourth Cousin, Half Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin

In 1397 Richard Redman 1350-1426 (47) campaigned with Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) at Ireland

In 1397 Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 served Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) as Ambassador to various German Princes.

On 12 Jul 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) arrested for his opposition to Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30)

On 29 Sep 1397 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397.

On 29 Sep 1397 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey for having arrested his uncle Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 on behalf of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30) .

In 1398 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30) travelled to Ireland with Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor. .

In 1399 Henry Green 1347-1399 (52) was executed by Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) for having been a councillor of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (31) at Bristol Castle, Bristol, Gloucestershire

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25) ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) two thousand marks. .. we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25) .

.. Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury -1407, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter 1344-1419 (55) , Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester -1401, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's -1407; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) , our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25) , our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Clifford Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London -1421 Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors. ..

Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury -1406 and Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (49) , William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) our cousin.

In May 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) travelled to Ireland with Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409, Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor. .

On 24 Jul 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) landed at Wales, Wales

On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) at Conwy Castle, Conwy, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales. .

On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) surrendered to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at Flint Castle, Flint, Flintshire, North-East Wales. .

On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Thomas Grey 1359-1400 (40) , William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1370-1409 (29) , Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell 1347-1420 (52) and Thomas Rempston -1406 were present. .

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) to the throne replacing Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) .

On 14 Feb 1400 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (33) died at Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire, probably murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.

On 17 Feb 1400 Richard II King England 1367-1400 corpse was displayed at St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London.

On 06 Mar 1400 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was buried at King's Langley Priory, King's Langley, Hertfordshire.

In 1413 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was reburied at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey, Westminster

ANCESTRY

Father: Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376

GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

1G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

2G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

3G GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272

4G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

4G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

3G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252

4G GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230

4G GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246

3G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Count Ponthieu 1220-1279

4G GrandFather: Simon Dammartin 1180-1239

4G GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu 1199-1250

1G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

2G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

3G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

4G GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270

4G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

3G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona 1248-1271

4G GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

4G GrandMother: Violant Unknown

2G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305

3G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274

4G GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre 1201-1253

4G GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon

3G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302

4G GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216-

4G GrandMother: Matilda Reginar 1224-1288

GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

1G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

2G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304

3G GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257

4G GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes 1182-1244

4G GrandMother: Margaret Flanders II Count Flanders 1202-1280

3G GrandMother: Adelaide Countholland 1230-1284

4G GrandFather: Floris Countholland IV Count Holland 1210-1234

4G GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar 1200-1267

2G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg 1252-1311

3G GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

4G GrandFather: Waleran Luxembourg III Duke Limburg 1165-1226

4G GrandMother: Ermesinda Luxembourg

3G GrandMother: Margaret Bar 1220-1275

4G GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar -1239

4G GrandMother: Philippa Capet 1192-1242

1G GrandMother: Joan Valois 1294-1342

2G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

3G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

4G GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270

4G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

3G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona 1248-1271

4G GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

4G GrandMother: Violant Unknown

2G GrandMother: Margaret Capet 1273-1299

3G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309

4G GrandFather: Charles King Sicily 1227-1285

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily 1231-1267

3G GrandMother: Mary Unknown

Mother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385

GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330

1G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

2G GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272

3G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

4G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204

3G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246

4G GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême 1160-1202

4G GrandMother: Alice Courtenay -1218

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

3G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

4G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

4G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

3G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

4G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

4G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva

1G GrandMother: Margaret Capet 1279-1318

2G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

3G GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270

4G GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226

4G GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252

3G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

2G GrandMother: Maria Reginar 1256-1321

3G GrandFather: Henry Reginar III Duke Brabant 1230-1261

4G GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 1207-1248

4G GrandMother: Marie Swabia

3G GrandMother: Adelaide Burgundy 1233-1273

4G GrandFather: Hugh Burgundy IV Duke Burgundy 1213-1272

4G GrandMother: Yolande Capet 1212-1248

GrandMother: Margaret Wake 3rd Baroness Wake Liddell 1300-1349

1G GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300

2G GrandFather: Baldwin Wake

2G GrandMother: Hawise Quincy

3G GrandFather: Robert Quincy -1257

4G GrandFather: Saer Quincy 1st Earl Winchester 1170-1219

4G GrandMother: Margaret Beaumont-Roger

3G GrandMother: Elen ferch Llewellyn Aberffraw 1218-1253

4G GrandFather: Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw 1172-1240

4G GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet 1191-1237

1G GrandMother: Joan Fiennes -1309

2G GrandFather: William Fiennes 1245-1302

3G GrandFather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes 1210-1265

4G GrandFather: William Fiennes 1160-1240

4G GrandMother: Agnes Dammartin

3G GrandMother: Isabel Provence

2G GrandMother: Blanche Beaumont 1252-1302

3G GrandFather: John Beaumont 1232-

4G GrandFather: John I King Jerusalem 1170-1237

4G GrandMother: Beregaria Ivrea 1204-1237

3G GrandMother: Jeanne Chateaudun 1227-1252

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey Chateaudun VI Viscount Châteaudun -1250

4G GrandMother: Clemence Roches