Biography of Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

EVENTS

On 21 Sep 1411 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 was born to Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (26) and Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 (20)

On 05 Aug 1415 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Cambridge (3C 1414)

On 18 Jan 1425 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (13) succeeded 8th Earl Ulster

On Oct 1429 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (18) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) were married. Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) by marriage Earl Cambridge (3C 1414) Earl Ulster.

In 1433 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (21) was appointed 148th Knight Garter: Henry VI

On 10 Aug 1439 Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (27) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (24) at Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

On 28 Apr 1442 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (30) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (26) at Rouen

On 17 May 1443 Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (31) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (28) at Rouen

On 22 Apr 1444 Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (32) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (28) at Rouen

On 18 Mar 1445 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (33) met Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (14) at Pontoise.

On 20 Oct 1445 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (34) returned to England at the end of his five-year appointment in France.

On 03 May 1446 Margaret of Burgundy 1446-1503 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (34) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (31) at Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

On 30 Jul 1447 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (35) was appointed as Lieutenant Ireland

On 30 Jul 1447 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (35) was appointed as Lieutenant Ireland.

On 21 Oct 1449 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (38) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (34) at Dublin Castle, Dublin, County Dublin

On 07 Sep 1450 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (38) landed at Beaumaris, Anglesey, North-West Wales

On 27 Sep 1450 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (39) arrived at City of London

On 02 Oct 1452 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (41) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (37) at Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

On Oct 1453 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (47) was imprisoned by Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (42) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

On 27 Mar 1454 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (42) was appointed as Lord Protector

On Jan 1455 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (43) was restored 3rd Duke York (1C 1385). Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (39) by marriage Duke York (1C 1385).

04 Mar 1455. Henry VI 1454-1461. Membrance 22d. Richard duke of York[1] (43) , to Edmund duke of Somerset[2] (49) . Recognisance sauce for 20,000 marks, to be levied etc. in Dorset. Condition, that he shall abide and obey the award of Thomas[3] (37) archbishop of Canterbury and papal legate, William[4] bishop of Ely, Humphrey[5] (52) duke of Bukingham, James[6] (34) earl of Wiltesir, John[7] (27) earl of Worcester, John[8] (45) viscount Beaumont, Ralph Cromwell[9] (52) and John Stourton knights, arbitrators indifferently chosen, touching all actions, plaints, controversies, demands etc. between the parties, so that the same be rendered in writing under their seals before 20 June next. Fcedera

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced at the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411- (44) .
The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) , Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) , William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) , Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

After 25 May 1455 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 was appointed as Constable England

On Nov 1455 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (44) was appointed as Lord Protector

11 Feb 1457. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (45) , Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (45) and Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (57) were required by an Act of Parliament to pay for the burial and masses for those who died at the First Battle of St Albans:
Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455
Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455
Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455.

11 Feb 1457. Henry VI 1454-1461. Membrance 20d. Declaration of John the abbot of Saint Albone and the covent, that where the kynge by lettres patentes, yeven at Westminster 24 March, 36 Henry VI, awardede amonge other, for consideracions in the same declared, that within tow yeres by Richard[1] (45) duke of Yorke, Richard[2] (29) erle of Warrewyke and Richard[3] (57) erle of Salesbury and by their charges ther bee yeven and amortessed to the monasterie, where the bodyes of Edmund[4] late duke of Somerset, Henri[5] late erle of Northumbrelonde and Thomas[6] late lorde Clyfford slain in a metyng and encounteryng at Seint Albones[7] been beryede, 45li of yerely lyvelode for masses, sufi‘ragies, obit and almouse for their soules and the soules of al other slayne there at that tyme, the same to be kept perpetually as shall be declared hereafter, and that the duke of York and erles of Warre wyk and Salisbury pay in every of the two yeres afore amortes ment 45li or the rate therof for thafferant of the tyme the mortesment shall remayne undoone, they have resoeived of the seide duke and erles 451i. for a hoole yere, and therof acquite them. Yeven 11 February, 37 Harry VI. Eng1ish.

23 Mar 1458. Westminster. Henry VI 1454-1461. Membrance 15d. Richard[1] (46) duke of York, to the king. Recognisance for 10,0001., to be levied etc. in Yorkshire. Condition, that he shall abide and obey the king’s award touching all controversies, trespasses, debts, debates, actions, offences, condemnations, executions and demands between him and Eleanor[2] (49) duchess of Somerset, Henry[3] (22) duke of Somerset her son, Eleanor[4] (61) countess of Northumberland, Henry[5] earl of Northum berland, John Clifford[6] (22) lord Clifford, Thomas Percy[7] (35) , knight, lord Egremount, Richard Percy[8] (32) his brother, all brethren and sisters of the said duke of Somerset, earl of Northumberland and lord Clifford, and all servants and tenants of theirs and of the said duchess and countess, Thomas Percy and Richard Percy to this date, so that the same be rendered in writing under the great seal before Michaelmas day next.
Richard[9] (58) earl of Salisbury, to the king. for 12,000 marks.

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (40) presided at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Loveday. John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (22) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30) , Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22) , Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (46) , Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (36) , Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (35) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (28) attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge, Ludlow, Shropshire. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (37) who was present. The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (48) , the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17) , Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (26) . Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (52) was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41) .

On 11 Jun 1460 Parliament enacted attainders against the Yorkist supporters who fought, some of whom were killed, at the Battle of Wakefield including: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (48) , Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) .

11 Jun 1460. Coventry, Warwickshire. Henry VI 1454-1461. Membrance 5. To the sheriffs of Oxford, Berkshire, Suthampton and Wiltesir. coventry- Order upon their allegiance forthwith to cause proclamation to be made (in English), that wher in the statute of 25 Edward III at Westmyster it was ordeyned that, if any man wer adherent to the kynges enmyes withyn his reame, as yevyng eide or confort there or elles wher, and wer atteynted of opyn dede by folke of theire condicion, should be deamed traytour ayenst the kyng, forasmoch as Richard[1] (48) late duke of York, Edward[2] (18) late erle of March, Richard late erle of Warrewyk[3] (32) , Richard[4] (60) late erle of Salisbury, Edmond[5] (17) late erle of Rutlond, John Clynton late lord (Llynton, Thomas Nevyll[6] (29) , John Nevyll knyghts, sonnez of the erle of Salisbury, Thomas Haryngton[7] (60) , John Wenlok[8] (60) , James Pykeryng, John Conyers, Thomas Parre knyghts, John Bourghchier squyer neveu of the seid duke, Willyam Stanley squier son of Thomas late lord Stanley, Thomas Meryng late of Tonge co. York squier, Thomas Colte late of London, gentilman, John Cley late of Chesthunt co. Hertford squier, Robert Eyton late of Shrewes bury co. Salop squier, Robert Boulde broder of Henry Boulde knyght, Alice[9] (53) wyff of the late yerle of Salisbury, William Oldehall knyght and Thomas Vaghan late of London squier in the parlament last holden at Coventry, bi thassent of the lordes spirituelx and temporelx and of the commons, of dyvers high, horrible and heynous tresons be atteynted and deamed enmyes, rebells and traitours ayenst the kyng, the kyng of his tendre zele to his subgettes wich bi ignorance myght ofl’ende charcheth that no person, of what estate, degre or condicion he be, be adherent to the said late duke, yerles etc., or any of theyme favour, ayde, assiste or comfort with goodes, men, habilyment of warre, vitailes, dedes or other wise upon payn to be deemed rebels and traitours ; also wher dyvers of his subgettes, blynded with abused wilfulnes, openly afferme upon his highnes that he is good and gracious lord to the said duke, erles etc., and was not privy nor assentyng to thacte of the atteynder, his highnes will that it be knowen that he demeth them enmyes, rebels and traytours and every of theym accordyng to the seid acte, and commaundeth that every man of what degre or condicion he be, upon payn of forfaiture of his goodes and his body to prison, geve his attend aunce in his most defensible array unto the kynges commys sioners in the seid shires as oft as by theym required. Eng1ish. Like writs, tested at Coventre, 23 June, to the sheriffs of the following counties : London. Kent. Middlesex. Essex. Surrey. Hertford. Sussex.

On 10 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (49) claimed the Kingdom of England at Westminster Hall, Westminster Palace, Westminster witnessed by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (42) .

On 25 Oct 1460 Parliament enacted the Act of Accord (39 Hen VI) by which Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (49) was declared heir to Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) disinheriting Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (7) at the same Parliament on 31 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (49) was appointed as Prince Wales, Earl Chester, Duke Cornwall and Lord Protector.

On 30 Dec 1460 at the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle, Wakefield, Yorkshire the Yorkist army was heavily defeated. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (49) , Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (29) , Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60) , William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed. Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.

After 30 Dec 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 was buried at Pontefract Priory, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 and Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 were reburied at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34) , George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26) , Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (45) , Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36) .

ANCESTRY

Father: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415

GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402

1G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

2G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

3G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

3G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

4G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252

4G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

2G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

3G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

4G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

4G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

3G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305

4G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302

1G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

2G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

3G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304

4G GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257

4G GrandMother: Adelaide Countholland Count Hainault 1230-1284

3G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311

4G GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

4G GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur 1220-1275

2G GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342

3G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

4G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

4G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

3G GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299

4G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309

4G GrandMother: Mary Unknown

GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392

1G GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369

2G GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350

3G GrandFather: Ferdinand IV King Castile, IV King Leon 1285-1312

4G GrandFather: Sancho IV King Castile, IV King Leon 1258-1295

4G GrandMother: Maria Molina Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

3G GrandMother: Constance Burgundy Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1290-1313

4G GrandFather: Denis I King Portugal 1261-1325

4G GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Queen Consort Portugal 1271-1336

2G GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile

1G GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361

2G GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera -1350

3G GrandFather: Garcia Padilla

2G GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera -1356

3G GrandFather: Fernán González Henestrosa

Mother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411

GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398

1G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381

2G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 1328-1360

3G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 1303-1331

4G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330

4G GrandMother: Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356

4G GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322

4G GrandMother: Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333

2G GrandMother: Philippa Montagu Countess March 1332-1381

3G GrandFather: William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349

4G GrandFather: William Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu 1275-1319

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Montfort Baroness Furnivall, Baroness Montagu 1275-1345

3G GrandMother: Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349

4G GrandFather: William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison 1262-1335

4G GrandMother: Sibylla Tregoz Baroness Grandison

1G GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382

2G GrandFather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368

3G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

4G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

4G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

3G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

4G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

4G GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342

2G GrandMother: Elizabeth Burgh 4th Countess Ulster 1332-1363

3G GrandFather: William Donn Burgh 3rd Earl Ulster 1312-1333

4G GrandFather: John Burgh 1286-1313

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Clare Lady Verdun 1295-1360

3G GrandMother: Maud Plantagenet Countess Ulster 1310-1377

4G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

4G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405

1G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397

2G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360

3G GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holland 1283-1328

4G GrandFather: Robert de Holand of Upholland

3G GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holland

4G GrandFather: Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Segrave

2G GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385

3G GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Blois 1279-1318

3G GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1305-1349

4G GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300

4G GrandMother: Joan Fiennes Baroness Wake Liddell -1309

1G GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416

2G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376

3G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel

3G GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

4G GrandFather: William Warenne -1286

4G GrandMother: Joan Vere

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306