BIOGRAPHY OF HENRY VI KING ENGLAND, II KING FRANCE 1421-1471

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

Descent French Royalty: Grandson Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France

EVENTS

On 06 Dec 1421 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 was born to Henry V King England 1386-1422 (35) and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (20) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On 31 Aug 1422 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 succeeded VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster

On 21 Oct 1422 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 succeeded II King France: Lancaster

In 1426 Edmund Hungerford 1409-1484 (17) was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (4)

In 1426 Robert Wingfield 1403-1454 (23) was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (4) at Hereford, Herefordshire

On 19 May 1426 Ralph Longford 1400-1432 (25) was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (4)

On 06 Nov 1429 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (7) was crowned VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (54) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (4) carried the child King. John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (14) attended. John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (20) was knighted.

On 16 Dec 1431 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (10) was crowned II King France: Lancaster at Notre Dame de Paris. Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (53) was appointed Carver. Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (31) , Hugh Courtenay 12th Earl Devon 1389-1422 and Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (17) attended.

In 1441 Eleanor Cobham 1400-1452 (41) , wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (50) , brother of the deceased Henry V King England 1386-1422, uncle of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (19) , was tried for predicting the future of the King. She consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell and Roger Bolingbroke. All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessed to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne, 'the Witch of Eye'. Thomas Southwell died whilst in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Roger Bolingbroke was hanged, drawn and quartered. Margery Jourdemayne was burned at the stake. Eleanor was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life.

In Sep 1444 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (42) was created 1st Duke Buckingham (1C 1444) by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (22) in reward many years of loyal and continuous service to the Crown.

On 23 Apr 1445 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (23) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (15) were married at Titchfield Abbey, Fareham, Hampshire. Fifth Cousin

On 05 Jan 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (22) , Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (22) , William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423- (30) , brothers Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (22) and Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (21) and Roger Lewkenor were knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) at Greenwich, Kent during the Knighting at Greenwich

On Aug 1453 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) suffered a mental breakdown

On 13 Oct 1453 Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 was born to Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (23) at Westminster Palace, Westminster. When Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) recovered from his catatonic state, he greeted the child as a 'miracle'. There is some speculation as the child's actual father since Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (23) had been married for many years before the child was born. Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (47) has been suggested.

On Jan 1455 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33) recovered

On Jan 1455 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was released by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33)

On 22 May 1455 at the First Battle of St Albans. The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) , Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) , William Cotton -1455, Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge, Ludlow, Shropshire. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (37) who was present. The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (48) , the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17) , Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (26) . Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (52) was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41) .

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) , George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (28) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55) , Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (22) defeated the Lancastrian army at Northampton, Northamptonshire during the Battle of Northampton. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) was captured. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) , John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42) , Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (37) and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (50) were killed. Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (40) fought. William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and William Norreys 1441-1507 (19) were knighted. Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.

On 25 Oct 1460 Parliament enacted the Act of Accord (39 Hen VI) by which Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (49) was declared heir to Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) disinheriting Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (7) at the same Parliament on 31 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (49) was appointed as Prince Wales, Earl Chester, Duke Cornwall and Lord Protector.

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) . The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) , John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) . Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) , William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.

On 18 Feb 1461 after the Second Battle of St Albans William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 (68) and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) during the battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (30) reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.

On 13 Jul 1465 James Harrington 1430-1485 (35) assisted with the capture of the fugitive Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (43) by being the instrument of persuasion that induced Sir Thomas Talbot of Bashall, and Sir Richard Tempest of Bracewell, who were sheltering the King, to betray him, and received £66 and £100 for expenses and reward.

On 22 Jul 1470 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (42) , Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (48) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (40) signed the Angers Agreement that had been arranged by Louis "Father of the People" XI King France 1423-1483 (47) at Angers Cathedral, Angers. Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (16) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were formally betrothed as part of the Agreement.

On 03 Oct 1470 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (48) was re-adepted VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (50) was released.

On 21 May 1471 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (49) died (possibly murdered) at Wakefield Tower, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London during the Death of Henry VI

Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 was buried at Altar, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

ANCESTRY

Father: Henry V King England 1386-1422

GrandFather: Henry IV King England 1367-1413

1G GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

2G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

3G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

3G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

4G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

4G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305

2G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

3G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

4G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304

4G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg 1252-1311

3G GrandMother: Joan Valois 1294-1342

4G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet 1273-1299

1G GrandMother: Blanche Plantagenet 5th Countess Lancaster, 6th Countess Leicester 1345-1368

2G GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp 1263-1306

2G GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont 1320-1361

3G GrandFather: Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340

4G GrandFather: Louis Brienne Viscount Beaumont 1227-1297

4G GrandMother: Agnes Beaumont-Sarthe

3G GrandMother: Alice Comyn

4G GrandFather: Alexander Comyn -1308

4G GrandMother: Joanna Latimer 1269-1320

GrandMother: Mary Bohun 1368-1394

1G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford, 6th Earl Essex, 2nd Earl Northampton 1341-1373

2G GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361

3G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322

4G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298

4G GrandMother: Maud Fiennes 1254-1298

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Plantagenet 1282-1316

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

2G GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere 1313-1356

3G GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322

4G GrandFather: Gunselin Badlesmere -1301

4G GrandMother: Joan Fitzbernard

3G GrandMother: Margaret Clare 1287-1333

4G GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287

4G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300

1G GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan 1347-1419

2G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376

3G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

3G GrandMother: Alice Warenne

4G GrandFather: William Warenne -1286

4G GrandMother: Joan Vere

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet 1318-1372

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp 1263-1306

Mother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437

GrandFather: Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422

1G GrandFather: Charles V King France 1338-1380

2G GrandFather: John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364

3G GrandFather: Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350

4G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet 1273-1299

3G GrandMother: Joan "Lame" Burgundy 1293-1349

4G GrandFather: Robert Burgundy II Duke Burgundy 1248-1306

4G GrandMother: Agnes Capet

2G GrandMother: Bonne Luxembourg 1315-1349

3G GrandFather: John I King Bohemia 1296-1346

4G GrandFather: Henry Luxembourg VII Holy Roman Emperor Luxembourg 1275-1313

4G GrandMother: Margaret Brabant

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohemia

1G GrandMother: Joanna Bourbon 1338-1378

2G GrandFather: Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon 1311-1356

3G GrandFather: Louis Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1279-1341

4G GrandFather: Robert Bourbon 1st Count Clermont 1256-1317

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Burgundy 1257-1310

3G GrandMother: Mary Hainault 1280-1354

4G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304

4G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg 1252-1311

2G GrandMother: Isabella Valois 1313-1383

3G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

4G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

4G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona 1248-1271

3G GrandMother: Mahaut Chatillon 1293-1358

4G GrandFather: Guy Chatillon IV Count Saint-Pol 1254-1317

4G GrandMother: Marie Capet 1268-1339

GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach 1370-1435

1G GrandFather: Stephen "Magnificient, Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria 1337-1413

2G GrandFather: Stephen Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria 1319-1375

3G GrandFather: Louis Wittelsbach IV Holy Roman Emperor 1282-1347

4G GrandFather: Louis "Strict" Wittelsbach II Duke Upper Bavaria 1229-1294

4G GrandMother: Matilda Habsburg 1253-1304

3G GrandMother: Beatrix Świdnica

2G GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona 1310-1349

3G GrandFather: Frederick III King Sicily 1272-1337

4G GrandFather: Peter III King Aragon 1240-1285

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Capet

4G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309

4G GrandMother: Mary Unknown

1G GrandMother: Taddea Visconti

2G GrandFather: Bernabò Visconti

2G GrandMother: Beatrice Scala