Biography of George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

EVENTS

On 21 Oct 1449 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (38) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (34) at Dublin Castle, Dublin, County Dublin

In 1461 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11) was created 1st Duke Clarence (3C 1461)

In 1461 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11) was appointed 185th Knight Garter: Edward IV

Around Jun 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) and Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 (25) were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) . The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (41) provided the information to the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) 's children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) were therefore illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11) 's children were barred from the throne as a consequence of his attainder.

On 11 Jul 1469 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (19) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) were married by George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (37) at Église Notre-Dame de Calais, Calais witnessed by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41) . Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) by marriage 1st Duke Clarence (3C 1461). Second Cousin Once Removed, Fifth Cousin, Fourth Cousin Once Removed, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin

After 26 Jul 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was captured by George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 at Olney, Buckinghamshire after the Battle of Edgecote Moor.

Around 14 Apr 1470 Anne York 1470-1470 was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (20) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (18)

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (28) commanded at Barnet, Middlesex during the Battle of Barnet supported by George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (21) , Richard III King England 1452-1485 (18) , John Babington 1423-1485 (48) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507 (30) , William Parr 1434-1483 (37) , John Savage 1422-1495 (49) , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45) , Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) and Thomas Strickland -1494. The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471 (40) , Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 (36) and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed. The Lancastrians Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (43) , John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40) , William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 (43) and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed. Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (33) fought.

In 1472 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (22) was created 1st Earl Salisbury (3C 1472)

On 14 Aug 1473 Margaret York 8th Countess Salisbury 1473-1541 was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (23) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (21) at Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Farleigh Hungerford, Somerset

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) 's two younger brothers George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (24) and the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) , who had married Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) 's daughters, Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (22) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (17) respectively, could enjoy Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) 's significant inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471. Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) , died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (6) born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (56) .

On 06 Jun 1474 at Westminster. Exemplification at the request of Richard Duke of Gloucester [1] (21) , of the tenour of an act (English) in the Parliament summoned at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV, and continued to 9 May, 14 Edward IV, ordaining that George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (24) , and Isabel his wife [2] (22) and Richard Duke of Gloucester [3] (21) , and Anne his wife [4] (17) , daughters and heirs to Richard Nevyle[5], late Earl of Warwick, and daughters and heirs apparent to Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) , his wife should possess and enjoy as in the right of the said wives all possessions beloning to the said Countess as though she were naturally dead and that she should be barred and excluded therefrom, that they should make partition of the premises and the same partition should be good in law, that the said Dukes should enjoy for life all the possessions of their wives if they should outlive the latter, that the said George[6] (24) and Isabel [7] (22) should not make any alienation, grant, fine or recovery of any of the premises to the hurt of the said Richard[8] (21) and Anne[9] (17) or the latter to the hurt of the former, that if the said Richard[10] (21) and Anne[11] (17) } be divorced and afterwards married this Act should hold good, that if they be divorced and he do his effectual diligence to be married to her and during her life be not wedded to any other woman he should enjoy as much of the premises as should appertain to her during his life, and that notwithstanding the restraint of alienation or recovery above specified the lordship, manor and wappentake of Chesterfield, Derbyshire and Scarvesdale with the appurtenances and all the lands and tenements in Chesterfield, Derbyshire and Scarvesdale sometime of Ales[12], late Countess of Salisbury, might be given to the King and his heirs in exchange for other lands and tenements, which shall however be subject of this Act.

On 25 Feb 1475 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (25) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (23) at Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 and Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 were reburied at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34) , George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26) , Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (45) , Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36) .

On 06 Oct 1476 Richard York 1476-1477 was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) at Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) died in childbirth. George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (27) believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho -1477.

In 1478 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (58) was imprisoned as a result of an unknown association with George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) but speculated to be about Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (35) 's pre-contract with Eleanor Butler.

After 1478. Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire. George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 were originally buried in the vault.

_PHOTOS/20180817-Tewkesbury_Abbey/Tewkesbury Abbey 20180817-132440.jpg

On 18 Feb 1478 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) was drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine (allegedly) at Bowyer Tower, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. William Hussey 1443-1495 (35) conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason.

ANCESTRY

Father: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460

GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415

1G GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402

2G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

3G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

3G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

4G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

4G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305

2G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

3G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

4G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304

4G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311

3G GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342

4G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299

1G GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392

2G GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369

3G GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350

4G GrandFather: Ferdinand IV King Castile, IV King Leon 1285-1312

4G GrandMother: Constance Burgundy Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1290-1313

3G GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile

2G GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361

3G GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera -1350

4G GrandFather: Garcia Padilla

3G GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera -1356

4G GrandFather: Fernán González Henestrosa

GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411

1G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398

2G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381

3G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 1328-1360

4G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 1303-1331

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356

3G GrandMother: Philippa Montagu Countess March 1332-1381

4G GrandFather: William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349

4G GrandMother: Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349

2G GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382

3G GrandFather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368

4G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

4G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Burgh 4th Countess Ulster 1332-1363

4G GrandFather: William Donn Burgh 3rd Earl Ulster 1312-1333

4G GrandMother: Maud Plantagenet Countess Ulster 1310-1377

1G GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405

2G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397

3G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360

4G GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holland 1283-1328

4G GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holland

3G GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385

4G GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330

4G GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1305-1349

2G GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416

3G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376

4G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326

4G GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372

4G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

4G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

Mother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425

1G GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388

2G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367

3G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331

4G GrandFather: Robert Neville 1237-1271

3G GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby 1267-1329

4G GrandFather: Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth 1240-1310

4G GrandMother: Margaret Zouche Baroness Warkworth 1251-1329

2G GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374

3G GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347

4G GrandFather: James Audley 1225-1232

4G GrandMother: Ela Longespée

3G GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer Baroness Audley Stratton Audley 1270-

4G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304

4G GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes 1269-

1G GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby

2G GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352

3G GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314

4G GrandFather: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe -1272

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Warenne Baroness Percy Topcliffe

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel

2G GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy

3G GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314

4G GrandFather: Roger Clifford 1243-1282

4G GrandMother: Isabella Vipont

3G GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327

4G GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287

4G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440

1G GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

2G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

3G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

3G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

4G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

4G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305

2G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

3G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

4G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304

4G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311

3G GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342

4G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299

1G GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

2G GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380