Biography of Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

EVENTS

Around 1373 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was born to Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (31) and Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (18) at King's Langley, Hertfordshire

On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (31) carried the Crown. Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (21) were knighted. Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 (23) attended. John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 (11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).

In 1381 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (8) and Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (8) were marriedHalf Fourth Cousin Once Removed, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin

On May 1387 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (14) was appointed 76th Knight Garter: Richard II

On 25 Feb 1390 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (17) was created 1st Earl Rutland (1C 1390). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (17) by marriage Earl Rutland (1C 1390)

In 1394 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (21) was created 1st Earl Cork. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (21) by marriage Earl Cork

On 29 Sep 1397 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Earl Rutland (1C 1390)

Before 07 Oct 1398 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 and Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York -1431 were married. Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York -1431 by marriage Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397)

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25) ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) two thousand marks. .. we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25) .

.. Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury -1407, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter 1344-1419 (55) , Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester -1401, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's -1407; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) , our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25) , our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Boteville Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London -1421 Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors. ..

Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury -1406 and Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 (49) , William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) our cousin.

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House, Westminster Abbey, Westminster including Thomas Blount 1352-1400 (47) , Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (26) , Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25) , John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) , Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400 (39) , John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (49) , Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) , Bernard Brocas 1354-1400 (45) . They plotted to capture Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at a Tournament in Windsor, Berkshire on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, and began to raise an army in London. .

On 01 Aug 1402 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (29) succeeded 2nd Duke York (1C 1385), 2nd Earl Cambridge (2C 1362). Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York -1431 by marriage Duke York (1C 1385).

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt that was fought somewhere near Agincourt. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard. Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) . Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42) , commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35) were killed. Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) , Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (35) and Edward Burnell -1415 were killed.

After 25 Oct 1415 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was buried at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 and Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 were reburied at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34) , George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26) , Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (45) , Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36) .

ANCESTRY

Father: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402

GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

1G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

2G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

3G GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272

4G GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

4G GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

2G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

3G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252

4G GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230

4G GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246

3G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

4G GrandFather: Simon Dammartin 1180-1239

4G GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu 1199-1250

1G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

2G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

3G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

4G GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270

4G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

3G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

4G GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

4G GrandMother: Violant Unknown Queen Consort Aragon

2G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305

3G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274

4G GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre 1201-1253

4G GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre

3G GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302

4G GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216-

4G GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288

GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

1G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

2G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304

3G GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257

4G GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes 1182-1244

4G GrandMother: Margaret Flanders II Count Flanders 1202-1280

3G GrandMother: Adelaide Countholland Count Hainault 1230-1284

4G GrandFather: Floris Countholland IV Count Holland 1210-1234

4G GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar Count Holland, Count Palatine 1200-1267

2G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311

3G GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

4G GrandFather: Waleran Luxembourg III Duke Limburg 1165-1226

4G GrandMother: Ermesinda Luxembourg Duchess Limburg

3G GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur 1220-1275

4G GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar -1239

4G GrandMother: Philippa Capet Count Bar 1192-1242

1G GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342

2G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

3G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

4G GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270

4G GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

3G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

4G GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

4G GrandMother: Violant Unknown Queen Consort Aragon

2G GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299

3G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309

4G GrandFather: Charles King Sicily 1227-1285

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily 1231-1267

3G GrandMother: Mary Unknown

Mother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392

GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369

1G GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350

2G GrandFather: Ferdinand IV King Castile, IV King Leon 1285-1312

3G GrandFather: Sancho IV King Castile, IV King Leon 1258-1295

4G GrandFather: Alfonso X King Castile, X King Leon 1221-1284

4G GrandMother: Violante Barcelona Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

3G GrandMother: Maria Molina Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

2G GrandMother: Constance Burgundy Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1290-1313

3G GrandFather: Denis I King Portugal 1261-1325

4G GrandFather: Alfonso III King Portugal 1210-1279

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal 1254-1280

3G GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Queen Consort Portugal 1271-1336

4G GrandFather: Peter III King Aragon 1240-1285

4G GrandMother: Constance Hohenstaufen Queen Consort Aragon

1G GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile

GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361

1G GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera -1350

2G GrandFather: Garcia Padilla

1G GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera -1356

2G GrandFather: Fernán González Henestrosa