BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD "LONGSHANKS" I KING ENGLAND 1239-1307

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou

Descent French Royalty: 3G Grandson Louis "Fat" VI King France

EVENTS

On 17 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (31) and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 (16) at Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 22 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was christened at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Christening of Edward I with Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (35) as godfather. He was named after Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066

On 01 Nov 1254 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (15) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (13) were married at Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas .Second Cousin Once Removed, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin

On 06 Apr 1264 the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24) , Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 (30) and Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (49) fought for the King at Northampton Castle, Northampton, Northamptonshire during the Battle of Northampton. Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (56) fought for the rebels with his son Simon "Younger" Montfort 1240-1271 (24) who was captured.

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (56) including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (20) , Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (29) and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (26) defeated the army of Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56) during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes, East Sussex, Sussex. Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56) , his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24) , Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (60) , Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (55) , John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch 1220-1275 (44) , Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 (30) and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (32) were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (33) , John Balliol 1207-1268 (56) , Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale 1215-1295 (49) , Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (49) and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 fought for the King. Guy Lusignan -1264 was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin 1220-1264 (44) drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester 1191-1266 (72) was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

On 28 May 1264 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24) escaped at Hereford, Herefordshire

On 28 May 1265 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (25) , with the help of Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (50) escaped from Kenilworth Castle, Kenilworth, Warwickshire .

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (57) , led by his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (26) , supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (21) , Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (33) defeated the rebel army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (57) . Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (50) fought and reputedly saved the King's life. Adam Mohaut rescued the King. The rebels Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (57) and his son Henry Montfort 1238-1265 (26) were killed. Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 1223-1265 (41) was killed by Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1231-1282 (34) . The rebels Simon Beauchamp 1234-1265 (31) , Ralph Basset 1st Baron Basset Drayton 1242-1265 (23) , William Devereux 1219-1265 (46) , Hugh Troyes -1265, Richard Trussel -1265, Peter Montfort 1205-1265 (60) , William Mandeville -1265, William Crepping -1265, William Birmingham -1265, Guy Balliol -1265 and Thomas Astley 1215-1265 (50) were killed. Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (30) , Humphrey Bohun 1225-1265 (40) , Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (27) , John Vesci -1289, John Fitzjohn and Guy Montfort Count Nola 1244-1288 (21) were captured.

On 18 Jun 1269 Eleanor Plantagenet 1269- was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (30) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (28) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On Apr 1272 Joan of Acre 1272-1307 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (32) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (31) at Acre, Holy Land

On 16 Nov 1272 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (33) succeeded I King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 24 Nov 1273 Alfonso Plantagenet 1273-1284 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (34) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (32)

On 19 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (35) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (33) was crowned as Queen Consort England .

On 15 Mar 1275 Margaret Plantagenet 1275-1333 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (35) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (34) at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

In 1277 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (37) and Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 (44) signed the Treaty of Aberconwy by which Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 (44) agreed that Welsh self-rule would end with the death of Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 (44) . As part of the Treaty Owain "The Red" Aberffraw 1232-1282 (44) was released from Dolbadarn Castle, Dolbadarn, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales.

On 11 Mar 1279 Mary Plantagenet 1279-1332 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (39) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (38) at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

On 07 Aug 1282 Elizabeth Plantagenet 1282-1316 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (43) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (41) at Rhuddlan Castle, Rhuddlan, Denbighshire, North-East Wales

On 25 Apr 1284 Edward II King England 1284-1327 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (44) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (43) at Caernarfon Castle, Caernarfon, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry and infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials. The English army included: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (26) , Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303 (55) , Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306 (53) , Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298 (49) , Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24) , Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (37) , William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325 (26) , Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 (52) , Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326 (27) , Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308 (43) , Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308 (58) , John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323 (30) , John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (29) , Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (48) , Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (11) , William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316 (43) , John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (42) , Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321 (42) , Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331 (41) , Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 (30) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (20) , Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (17) , John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (67) , Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25) , Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (21) , Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (31) , Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (18) , John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (59) , Philip Darcy, Robert Fitzroger, Roger Fitzwalter, Simon Fraser -1306, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (23) , John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 (30) and Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (47) . William Scrope 1245-1312 (53) was knighted. Of the Scottish army John Stewart -1298 was killed. William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 fought.

On 08 Sep 1299 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (60) and Margaret Capet 1279-1318 (20) were marriedSecond Cousin Twice Removed

On 01 Jun 1300 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (60) and Margaret Capet 1279-1318 (21) at Brotherton, Yorkshire

On 05 Aug 1301 Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (62) and Margaret Capet 1279-1318 (22) at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

On 10 Feb 1305 John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch 1269-1305 (36) was murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (30) before the High Altar at Greyfriars Monastery Chapel, Greyfriars Monastery, Dumfries. Robert Comyn -1305, John's uncle, was killed by Christopher Seton 1278-1306 (27) . Murder, in a church, in front of the altar, regarded as a terrible crime. The act gave Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (65) just cause to invade Scotland.

On 26 Feb 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) exiled by Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (67) for being Edward II King England 1284-1327 (22) 's favourite

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) died at Burgh by Sands, Cumberland whilst on his way north to Scotland. Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (29) , Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (35) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (32) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) didn't return from exile. .

After 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was buried at Westminster Abbey, Westminster

In 1339 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (39) visited Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 at Château Gaillard

ANCESTRY

Father: Henry III King England 1207-1272

GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

1G GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

2G GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151

3G GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem 1089-1143

4G GrandFather: Fulk "Réchin" Anjou 4th Count Anjou 1043-1109

4G GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort

3G GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency

4G GrandFather: Elias La Flèche-De Baugency I Count Maine -1110

4G GrandMother: Matilda Chateau-Du-Loir

2G GrandMother: Empress Matilda 1102-1167

3G GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135

4G GrandFather: William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

4G GrandMother: Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083

3G GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118

4G GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

4G GrandMother: Margaret Wessex 1045-1093

1G GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England 1122-1204

2G GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine 1099-1137

3G GrandFather: William "Troubadour" Poitiers IX Duke Aquitaine 1071-1127

4G GrandFather: [Guy] William Poitiers VIII Duke Aquitaine 1025-1086

4G GrandMother: Hildegarde Burgundy 1056-1104

3G GrandMother: Philippa Rouerge

4G GrandFather: William Rouerge Duke Narbonne 1040-1094

4G GrandMother: Emma Mortain

2G GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault 1103-1130

3G GrandFather: Aimery Chatellerault Viscount Châtellerault

3G GrandMother: Dangereuse Île-Bouchard 1079-1151

4G GrandFather: Bartholomew Île-Bouchard

GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246

1G GrandFather: Aymer Angouleme I Count Angoulême 1160-1202

2G GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angouleme VI Count Angoulême -1179

3G GrandFather: Wulfgrin Angouleme II Count Angoulême -1140

4G GrandFather: William Angouleme V Count Angoulême -1120

4G GrandMother: Vitapoy Benauges

3G GrandMother: Pontia La Marche

4G GrandFather: Roger "The Poitevin" Montgomery Viscount Hiemois 1065-1139

4G GrandMother: Almodis La Marche

1G GrandMother: Alice Courtenay -1218

2G GrandFather: Peter Courtenay 1126-1183

3G GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

4G GrandFather: Philip "Amorous" I King France 1052-1108

4G GrandMother: Bertha Countholland 1055-1094

3G GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy -1154

4G GrandFather: Humbert "Fat" Savoy II Count Savoy 1065-1103

4G GrandMother: Gisela Ivrea

2G GrandMother: Elizabeth Unknown

Mother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

1G GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

2G GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon 1157-1196

3G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Barcelona V Count Barcelona 1114-1162

4G GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Barcelona III Count Barcelona 1082-1131

2G GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea 1155-1208

3G GrandFather: Alfonso VII King Castile, VII King Leon 1105-1157

4G GrandFather: Raymond Ivrea 1070-1107

4G GrandMother: Urracca "Reckless" Jiménez Queen Consort Leon 1079-1126

3G GrandMother: Richeza Unknown

1G GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran

GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy

1G GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

2G GrandFather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy 1134-1188

3G GrandFather: Amadeus Savoy III Count Savoy 1095-1148

4G GrandFather: Humbert "Fat" Savoy II Count Savoy 1065-1103

4G GrandMother: Gisela Ivrea

3G GrandMother: Mahaut Albon

2G GrandMother: Beatrice Macon

1G GrandMother: Margaret Geneva