BIOGRAPHY OF RICHARD "KINGMAKER" NEVILLE 16TH EARL WARWICK, 6TH EARL SALISBURY 1428-1471

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Neville

Descent French Royalty: 5G Grandson Philip "Bold" III King France

EVENTS

In 1428 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (21)

In 1434 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (6) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (7) were marriedFourth Cousin Once Removed, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin

On 03 Jan 1448 Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick 1443-1448 (4) died at Ewelme, Oxfordshire aged four whilst in the care of Alice Chaucer 1404-1475 (44) . After a prolonged legal dispute between her three half-aunties, and her full auntie, the courts decided her full aunt Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (21) should succeed; Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (21) succeeded 16th Earl Warwick (1C 1088). Her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (20) jure uxoris 16th Earl Warwick (1C 1088).

On 28 Jul 1450 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (22) succeeded his mother as 6th Earl Salisbury (2C 1337), 8th Baron Montagu, 7th Baron Monthermer adding to the earldom of Warwick he had already acquired through his wife some two years previously. The combined earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury made Warwick the second most powerful man in the Kingdom making him Kingmaker.

On 05 Sep 1451 Isabel Neville 1451-1476 was born to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (23) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (25) at Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire

On 20 Oct 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (22) , and his brothers Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (22) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (25) , met with Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 (60) and to negotiate peace.

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced at the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1466 (44) .

After 25 May 1455 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 was appointed as Captain Calais

On 11 Jun 1456 Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 was born to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (28) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (29)

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (40) presided at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Loveday. John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (22) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30) , Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22) , Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (46) , Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (36) , Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (35) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (28) attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge, Ludlow, Shropshire. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (37) who was present. The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (48) , the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17) , Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (26) . Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (52) was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41) .

Around Nov 1459 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) fled to at Calais

On Dec 1459 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) was attainted

On 15 Jan 1460 Yorkist forces commanded by John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) raided Sandwich capturing a number of Lancastrian ships. In addition, the Woodville family: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (55) , his wife Jacquetta Luxembourg 1415-1472 (45) and their son Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (20) were captured.

On 26 Jun 1460 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) landed at Sandwich, Kent

On 26 Jun 1460 Yorkist forces including Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (60) landed at Sandwich, Kent. Osbert Mumford -1460 was captured.

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) , George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (28) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55) , Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (22) defeated the Lancastrian army at Northampton, Northamptonshire during the Battle of Northampton. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) was captured. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) , John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42) , Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (37) and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (50) were killed. Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (40) fought. William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and William Norreys 1441-1507 (19) were knighted. Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.

On 18 Feb 1461 at the Second Battle of St Albans the Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) , William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) . John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 (42) and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed.

On 27 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) fought at Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire, Yorkshire during the Battle of Ferrybridge with John Radclyffe 1426-1461 (35) capturing the bridge.

On 28 Mar 1461 a further skirmish occurred near Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire, Yorkshire. Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) fought. John Radclyffe 1426-1461 (35) was killed. For Lancaster John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25) and John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51) .

After 28 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 was appointed 181st Knight Garter: Henry VI

On Sep 1464 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (22) announced his recent marriage at Privy Council to the astonishment of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (36) who had until recently been actively seeking a French Princess as Edward's future wife.

Before 03 Jul 1468 Charles "Bold" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1433-1477 and Margaret of Burgundy 1446-1503 were married at Bruges, Flanders. John Paston 1444-1504 travelled with Margaret. The marriage re-enforced Edward's connection with the Low Countries. After Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 rebelled against Edward IV King England 1442-1483 escaped to the Low Countries. Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin

On 11 Jul 1469 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (19) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) were married by George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (37) at Église Notre-Dame de Calais, Calais witnessed by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41) . Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) by marriage 1st Duke Clarence (3C 1461). Second Cousin Once Removed, Fifth Cousin, Fourth Cousin Once Removed, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin

On 10 Sep 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was released by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41) afer Warwick realised he didn't have sufficient support for an alternative regime.

On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville 1439-1469 (30) and Charles Neville -1469 were beheaded at York, Yorkshire in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41)

On 22 Jul 1470 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (42) , Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (48) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (40) signed the Angers Agreement that had been arranged by Louis "Father of the People" XI King France 1423-1483 (47) at Angers Cathedral, Angers. Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (16) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were formally betrothed as part of the Agreement.

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (28) commanded at Barnet, Middlesex during the Battle of Barnet supported by George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (21) , Richard III King England 1452-1485 (18) , John Babington 1423-1485 (48) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507 (30) , William Parr 1434-1483 (37) , John Savage 1422-1495 (49) , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45) , Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) and Thomas Strickland -1494. The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471 (40) , Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 (36) and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed. The Lancastrians Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (43) , John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40) , William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 (43) and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed. Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (33) fought.

After 14 Apr 1471 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 was buried at Bisham Priory, Bisham, Berkshire

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) 's two younger brothers George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (24) and the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) , who had married Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) 's daughters, Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (22) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (17) respectively, could enjoy Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) 's significant inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471. Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) , died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (6) born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (56) .

On 06 Jun 1474 at Westminster. Exemplification at the request of Richard Duke of Gloucester [1] (21) , of the tenour of an act (English) in the Parliament summoned at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV, and continued to 9 May, 14 Edward IV, ordaining that George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (24) , and Isabel his wife [2] (22) and Richard Duke of Gloucester [3] (21) , and Anne his wife [4] (17) , daughters and heirs to Richard Nevyle[5], late Earl of Warwick, and daughters and heirs apparent to Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) , his wife should possess and enjoy as in the right of the said wives all possessions beloning to the said Countess as though she were naturally dead and that she should be barred and excluded therefrom, that they should make partition of the premises and the same partition should be good in law, that the said Dukes should enjoy for life all the possessions of their wives if they should outlive the latter, that the said George[6] (24) and Isabel [7] (22) should not make any alienation, grant, fine or recovery of any of the premises to the hurt of the said Richard[8] (21) and Anne[9] (17) or the latter to the hurt of the former, that if the said Richard[10] (21) and Anne[11] (17) } be divorced and afterwards married this Act should hold good, that if they be divorced and he do his effectual diligence to be married to her and during her life be not wedded to any other woman he should enjoy as much of the premises as should appertain to her during his life, and that notwithstanding the restraint of alienation or recovery above specified the lordship, manor and wappentake of Chesterfield, Derbyshire and Scarvesdale with the appurtenances and all the lands and tenements in Chesterfield, Derbyshire and Scarvesdale sometime of Ales[12], late Countess of Salisbury, might be given to the King and his heirs in exchange for other lands and tenements, which shall however be subject of this Act.

On 04 May 1483 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) died. He being the son of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, the nephew of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 who should, perhaps, have inherited the Earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury from his mother that had been appropriated by George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) .

ANCESTRY

Father: Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425

1G GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388

2G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367

3G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331

4G GrandFather: Robert Neville 1237-1271

3G GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering 1267-1329

4G GrandFather: Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth 1240-1310

4G GrandMother: Margaret Zouche 1251-1329

2G GrandMother: Alice Audley 1304-1374

3G GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347

4G GrandFather: James Audley 1225-1232

4G GrandMother: Ela Longespée

3G GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer 1270-

4G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304

4G GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes 1269-

1G GrandMother: Maud Percy

2G GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352

3G GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314

4G GrandFather: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe -1272

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Warenne

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

2G GrandMother: Idonia Clifford

3G GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314

4G GrandFather: Roger Clifford 1243-1282

4G GrandMother: Isabella Vipont

3G GrandMother: Maud Clare 1276-1327

4G GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287

4G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort 1379-1440

1G GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

2G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

3G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

3G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

4G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

4G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305

2G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

3G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

4G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304

4G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg 1252-1311

3G GrandMother: Joan Valois 1294-1342

4G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet 1273-1299

1G GrandMother: Katherine Roet 1350-1403

2G GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

Mother: Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462

GrandFather: Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428

1G GrandFather: John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400

2G GrandFather: John Montagu 1st Baron Montagu, 3rd Baron Monthermer 1330-1390

3G GrandFather: William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349

4G GrandFather: William Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu 1275-1319

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Montfort 1275-1345

3G GrandMother: Catherine Grandison 1304-1349

4G GrandFather: William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison 1262-1335

4G GrandMother: Sibylla Tregoz

2G GrandMother: Margaret Monthermer 3rd Baroness Monthermer -1395

3G GrandFather: Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer 1301-1340

4G GrandFather: Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer 1270-1325

4G GrandMother: Joan of Acre 1272-1307

3G GrandMother: Margaret Brewes

4G GrandFather: Peter Brewes

1G GrandMother: Maud Francis

GrandMother: Eleanor Holland 1386-1413

1G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397

2G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360

3G GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holland 1283-1328

4G GrandFather: Robert de Holand of Upholland

3G GrandMother: Maud Zouche

4G GrandFather: Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Segrave

2G GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385

3G GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet 1279-1318

3G GrandMother: Margaret Wake 3rd Baroness Wake Liddell 1300-1349

4G GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300

4G GrandMother: Joan Fiennes -1309

1G GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan 1350-1416

2G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376

3G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

3G GrandMother: Alice Warenne

4G GrandFather: William Warenne -1286

4G GrandMother: Joan Vere

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet 1318-1372

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp 1263-1306