BIOGRAPHY OF JOHN HOWARD 1ST DUKE NORFOLK 1425-1485

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Howard

Descent French Royalty: 5G Grandson Philip "Bold" III King France

EVENTS

In 1425 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was born to Robert Howard 1385-1437 (40) and Margaret Mowbray 1388-1459 (37)

Before 29 Sep 1442 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Katherine Moleyns were married

In 1443 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (18) and Katherine Moleyns at Stoke-by-Nayland, Suffolk

In 1445 Margaret Howard 1445-1484 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (20) and Katherine Moleyns

In 1446 Anne Howard 1446-1474 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (21) and Katherine Moleyns in Tendring, Essex

In 1450 Jane Howard 1450-1481 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (25) and Katherine Moleyns

Before 22 Jan 1467 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Margaret Chedworth 1436-1494 were married

In 1468 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (43) was appointed as Lord Treasurer

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury at Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (18) , Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503 (36) , John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46) , George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (31) , John Savage 1422-1495 (49) , John Savage 1444-1544 (27) , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45) , Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) fought. William Brandon 1425-1491 (46) , George Browne 1440-1483 (31) , Ralph Hastings -1495, Richard Hastings 9th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (38) , James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (16) , Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (38) were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) commanded.

On 05 May 1471 Humphrey Tuchet 1434-1471 (37) was tried by John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46) and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (18) (as Duke Gloucester) at Market Square, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire

On 24 Apr 1472 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (47) was appointed 207th Knight Garter: Edward IV

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) received a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as a result of having signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact. Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (57) arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (44) received a pension of 2000 crowns per year. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (50) and Thomas Montgomery -1495 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (52) 1000, Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (55) 600. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (22) opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable.

On 15 Jan 1478 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (4) and Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (5) were married at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster. An attractive match for Edward IV's second son since Anne Mowbray had inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance in 1476 when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 died. The ceremony was attended by Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (11) , Mary York 1467-1482 (10) and Cecily York 1469-1507 (8) . The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (35) was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (4) would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (52) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (53) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death. Fourth Cousin, Fifth Cousin

On 19 Nov 1481 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (56) succeeded 12th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), 13th Baron Segrave (1C 1295)

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) , who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

On 20 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was buried at Altar, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire during the Funeral of Edward IV. Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) celebrated the mass. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) attended. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) was chief mourner. John Savage 1444-1544 (39) and Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (21) were pall-bearers.

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) . William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483). Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) . Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) to their rightful inheritance.

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) was appointed as Queen Consort England. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491 (58) , Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33) , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) , Richard Hastings 9th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50) , Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) , Elizabeth York 1444-1503 (39) , Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion. Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown. Thomas King Mann 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed as Knight of the Bath.

On 22 Aug 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) succeeded VII King England and Ireland: Tudor at Ambion Hill, Market Bosworth, Leicestershire during the Battle of Bosworth. John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35) , John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43) , Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35) , Walter Hungerford -1516, Thomas King Mann 1435-1504 (50) , John Wingfield -1509, Edward Woodville -1488, Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509, Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36) , Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53) , William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47) , Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34) , William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50) , Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (52) , Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38) , William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) , James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) , John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) , John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) and Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486 fought for Henry Tudor. William Norreys 1441-1507 (44) , Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33) , John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1544 (41) commanded. Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.

On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed at Ambion Hill, Market Bosworth, Leicestershire during the Battle of Bosworth. John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47) , John Conyers -1490, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17) , William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59) , Richard Fitzhugh 5th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28) , John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48) , Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26) , Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50) , Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68) , Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29) , John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23) , Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59) , George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17) fought for Richard on the defeated Yorkist side. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped. John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured. John Babington 1423-1485 (62) , William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) , James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) , John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) , John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) , William Alington 1420-1485 (65) , Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43) , Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 (53) were killed

After 22 Aug 1485 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was buried at Thetford Priory, Thetford, Norfolk

After 22 Aug 1485 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was reburied at Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham, Suffolk

John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was appointed as Lord Admiral of all England, Ireland and Aquitaine

Nicholas Howard -1468 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Katherine Moleyns

Isabel or Elizabeth Howard was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Katherine Moleyns

Katherine Howard -1536 was born to John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Margaret Chedworth 1436-1494

ANCESTRY

Father: Robert Howard 1385-1437

GrandFather: John Howard 1366-1437

1G GrandFather: Robert Howard 1336-1338

2G GrandFather: John Howard 1276-1331

3G GrandFather: William Howard 1242-1308

2G GrandMother: Joan Cornwall

3G GrandFather: Richard Cornwall 1252-1296

4G GrandFather: Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272

4G GrandMother: Joan Valletort

3G GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan 1267-1316

4G GrandFather: John Fitzalan 6th Earl Arundel 1223-1267

4G GrandMother: Maud Verdun 1225-1283

1G GrandMother: Margaret Scales

2G GrandFather: Roger Scales 3rd Baron Scales -1369

3G GrandFather: Roger Scales 2nd Baron Scales -1324

4G GrandFather: Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales -1304

4G GrandMother: Isabella Unknown

3G GrandMother: Egeline or Eleanor Courtenay

4G GrandFather: Hugh Courtenay Baron Okehampton 1251-1292

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Despencer 1258-

2G GrandMother: Catherine Ufford 1317-

3G GrandFather: Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369

4G GrandFather: Robert Ufford 1st Baron Ufford 1279-1316

4G GrandMother: Cecily Valoignes

3G GrandMother: Margaret Norwich

GrandMother: Alice Tendring

Mother: Margaret Mowbray 1388-1459

GrandFather: Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399

1G GrandFather: John Mowbray 4th Baron Mowbray, 5th Baron Segrave 1340-1368

2G GrandFather: John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361

3G GrandFather: John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray 1286-1322

4G GrandFather: Roger Mowbray 1st Baron Mowbray 1254-1297

4G GrandMother: Rohese Clare

3G GrandMother: Aline Brewes

2G GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet 1312-1349

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp 1263-1306

1G GrandMother: Elizabeth Segrave 5th Baroness Segrave

2G GrandFather: John Segrave 4th Baron Segrave 1315-1353

3G GrandFather: Stephen Segrave 3rd Baron Segrave 1285-1325

4G GrandFather: John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325

4G GrandMother: Christiana Plessey

2G GrandMother: Margaret Plantagenet 2nd Countess Norfolk -1399

3G GrandFather: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet 1279-1318

3G GrandMother: Alice Hales -1330

4G GrandFather: Roger Hales

GrandMother: Elizabeth Fitzalan 1366-1425

1G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397

2G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376

3G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

3G GrandMother: Alice Warenne

4G GrandFather: William Warenne -1286

4G GrandMother: Joan Vere

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet 1318-1372

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp 1263-1306

1G GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohun 1350-1385

2G GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361

3G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322

4G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298

4G GrandMother: Maud Fiennes 1254-1298

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Plantagenet 1282-1316

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

2G GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere 1313-1356

3G GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322

4G GrandFather: Gunselin Badlesmere -1301

4G GrandMother: Joan Fitzbernard

3G GrandMother: Margaret Clare 1287-1333

4G GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287

4G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300