Biography of Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Fitzrichard

EVENTS

In 1400 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (36) and Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (21)

Before 1423 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 were married. Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 by marriage Baron Montagu.

In 1423 Joan Neville Countess Arundel 1423-1462 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (23) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (16)

In 1424 Cecily Neville Duchess Warwick 1424-1450 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (24) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (17)

In 1428 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (21)

On 03 Nov 1428 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) jure uxoris 5th Earl Salisbury (2C 1337)

On 03 Nov 1428 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) succeeded 7th Baron Montagu

Around 1430 Alice Neville Baroness Fitzhugh 1430-1503 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (30) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (23)

Before 1431 Thomas Neville 1430-1460 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462

Around 1431 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (31) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (24)

In 1432 George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (32) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (25)

In 1438 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (38) was appointed 152nd Knight Garter: Henry VI

In 1442 Katherine Neville Baroness Bonville, Baroness Hastings 1442-1503 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (42) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (35)

In 1447 Eleanor Neville Baroness Stanley 1447-1471 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (47) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (40)

In 1452 Walter Strickland 1411- (41) indentured to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (52) to provide bowmen horsed and harnessed, 69; billmen horsed and harnessed, 74; bowmen without horses, 71; billmen without horses, 76.

In 1452 Thomas Strickland -1494 indentured to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (52) to provide bowmen horsed and harnessed, 69; billmen horsed and harnessed, 74; bowmen without horses, 71; billmen without horses, 76.

On 27 Mar 1454 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (54) was appointed as Lord Chancellor

On Jan 1455 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55) resigned as Lord Chancellor

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced at the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411- (44) .
The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) , Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) , William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) , Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

11 Feb 1457. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (45) , Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (45) and Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (57) were required by an Act of Parliament to pay for the burial and masses for those who died at the First Battle of St Albans:
Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455
Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455
Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455.

11 Feb 1457. Henry VI 1454-1461. Membrance 20d. Declaration of John the abbot of Saint Albone and the covent, that where the kynge by lettres patentes, yeven at Westminster 24 March, 36 Henry VI, awardede amonge other, for consideracions in the same declared, that within tow yeres by Richard[1] (45) duke of Yorke, Richard[2] (29) erle of Warrewyke and Richard[3] (57) erle of Salesbury and by their charges ther bee yeven and amortessed to the monasterie, where the bodyes of Edmund[4] late duke of Somerset, Henri[5] late erle of Northumbrelonde and Thomas[6] late lorde Clyfford slain in a metyng and encounteryng at Seint Albones[7] been beryede, 45li of yerely lyvelode for masses, sufi‘ragies, obit and almouse for their soules and the soules of al other slayne there at that tyme, the same to be kept perpetually as shall be declared hereafter, and that the duke of York and erles of Warre wyk and Salisbury pay in every of the two yeres afore amortes ment 45li or the rate therof for thafferant of the tyme the mortesment shall remayne undoone, they have resoeived of the seide duke and erles 451i. for a hoole yere, and therof acquite them. Yeven 11 February, 37 Harry VI. Eng1ish.

23 Mar 1458. Westminster. Henry VI 1454-1461. Membrance 15d. Richard[1] (46) duke of York, to the king. Recognisance for 10,0001., to be levied etc. in Yorkshire. Condition, that he shall abide and obey the king’s award touching all controversies, trespasses, debts, debates, actions, offences, condemnations, executions and demands between him and Eleanor[2] (49) duchess of Somerset, Henry[3] (22) duke of Somerset her son, Eleanor[4] (61) countess of Northumberland, Henry[5] earl of Northum berland, John Clifford[6] (22) lord Clifford, Thomas Percy[7] (35) , knight, lord Egremount, Richard Percy[8] (32) his brother, all brethren and sisters of the said duke of Somerset, earl of Northumberland and lord Clifford, and all servants and tenants of theirs and of the said duchess and countess, Thomas Percy and Richard Percy to this date, so that the same be rendered in writing under the great seal before Michaelmas day next.
Richard[9] (58) earl of Salisbury, to the king. for 12,000 marks.

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (40) presided at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Loveday. John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (22) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30) , Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22) , Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (46) , Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (36) , Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (35) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (28) attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

On 23 Sep 1459 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) attempted to ambush John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) whilst he was travelling to Ludlow, Shropshire to join up with the main Yorkist army. Forewarned by scouts arranged his troops into battle order. The Yorkist army included John Conyers -1490, Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (59) , James Harrington 1430-1485 (29) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) , William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (24) , Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (26) , John Savile, Walter Strickland 1411- (48) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (59) . The Lancastrian army included John Dutton -1459, Thomas Dutton 1421-1459 (38) and Peter Dutton -1459 who were killed. James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (61) was killed by Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (26) . John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (34) were captured. Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (53) fought.

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge, Ludlow, Shropshire. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (37) who was present. The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (48) , the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17) , Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501 (26) . Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (52) was present. The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41) .

Around Nov 1459 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) fled to at Calais

11 Jun 1460. Coventry, Warwickshire. Henry VI 1454-1461. Membrance 5. To the sheriffs of Oxford, Berkshire, Suthampton and Wiltesir. coventry- Order upon their allegiance forthwith to cause proclamation to be made (in English), that wher in the statute of 25 Edward III at Westmyster it was ordeyned that, if any man wer adherent to the kynges enmyes withyn his reame, as yevyng eide or confort there or elles wher, and wer atteynted of opyn dede by folke of theire condicion, should be deamed traytour ayenst the kyng, forasmoch as Richard[1] (48) late duke of York, Edward[2] (18) late erle of March, Richard late erle of Warrewyk[3] (32) , Richard[4] (60) late erle of Salisbury, Edmond[5] (17) late erle of Rutlond, John Clynton late lord (Llynton, Thomas Nevyll[6] (29) , John Nevyll knyghts, sonnez of the erle of Salisbury, Thomas Haryngton[7] (60) , John Wenlok[8] (60) , James Pykeryng, John Conyers, Thomas Parre knyghts, John Bourghchier squyer neveu of the seid duke, Willyam Stanley squier son of Thomas late lord Stanley, Thomas Meryng late of Tonge co. York squier, Thomas Colte late of London, gentilman, John Cley late of Chesthunt co. Hertford squier, Robert Eyton late of Shrewes bury co. Salop squier, Robert Boulde broder of Henry Boulde knyght, Alice[9] (53) wyff of the late yerle of Salisbury, William Oldehall knyght and Thomas Vaghan late of London squier in the parlament last holden at Coventry, bi thassent of the lordes spirituelx and temporelx and of the commons, of dyvers high, horrible and heynous tresons be atteynted and deamed enmyes, rebells and traitours ayenst the kyng, the kyng of his tendre zele to his subgettes wich bi ignorance myght ofl’ende charcheth that no person, of what estate, degre or condicion he be, be adherent to the said late duke, yerles etc., or any of theyme favour, ayde, assiste or comfort with goodes, men, habilyment of warre, vitailes, dedes or other wise upon payn to be deemed rebels and traitours ; also wher dyvers of his subgettes, blynded with abused wilfulnes, openly afferme upon his highnes that he is good and gracious lord to the said duke, erles etc., and was not privy nor assentyng to thacte of the atteynder, his highnes will that it be knowen that he demeth them enmyes, rebels and traytours and every of theym accordyng to the seid acte, and commaundeth that every man of what degre or condicion he be, upon payn of forfaiture of his goodes and his body to prison, geve his attend aunce in his most defensible array unto the kynges commys sioners in the seid shires as oft as by theym required. Eng1ish. Like writs, tested at Coventre, 23 June, to the sheriffs of the following counties : London. Kent. Middlesex. Essex. Surrey. Hertford. Sussex.

On 30 Dec 1460 at the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle, Wakefield, Yorkshire the Yorkist army was heavily defeated. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (49) , Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (29) , Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60) , William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed. Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.

After 30 Dec 1460 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 was buried

Before 1465 John Conyers -1490 retained by Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460

Margaret Neville Countess Oxford was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462

Ralph Neville was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462

Robert Neville was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462

ANCESTRY

Father: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425

GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388

1G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367

2G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331

3G GrandFather: Robert Neville 1237-1271

4G GrandFather: Geoffrey Neville 1225-

2G GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby 1267-1329

3G GrandFather: Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth 1240-1310

4G GrandFather: Roger Fitzjohn 4th Baron Warkworth -1249

3G GrandMother: Margaret Zouche Baroness Warkworth 1251-1329

4G GrandFather: Roger Zouche 1242-1285

4G GrandMother: Ela Longespée 1244-1276

1G GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374

2G GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347

3G GrandFather: James Audley 1225-1232

4G GrandFather: Henry Audley 1175-1246

4G GrandMother: Bertrade Mainwaring 1197-1246

3G GrandMother: Ela Longespée

4G GrandFather: William Longespée 1207-1250

4G GrandMother: Idoine Camville 1209-1251

2G GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer Baroness Audley Stratton Audley 1270-

3G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304

4G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1231-1282

4G GrandMother: Maud Braose 1224-1301

3G GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes 1269-

4G GrandFather: William Fiennes 1245-1302

4G GrandMother: Blanche Beaumont 1252-1302

GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby

1G GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352

2G GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314

3G GrandFather: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe -1272

4G GrandFather: William Percy 6th Baron Percy Topcliffe 1197-1245

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Warenne Baroness Percy Topcliffe

4G GrandFather: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304

4G GrandMother: Alice Lusignan Countess Surrey 1224-1256

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy

3G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302

4G GrandFather: John Fitzalan 7th Earl Arundel 1246-1272

4G GrandMother: Isabella Mortimer Countess Arundel -1291

3G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel

1G GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy

2G GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314

3G GrandFather: Roger Clifford 1243-1282

4G GrandFather: Roger Clifford 1215-1286

4G GrandMother: Hawise Botreaux 1215-1301

3G GrandMother: Isabella Vipont

4G GrandFather: Robert Vipont Lord Westmoreland 1232-1264

4G GrandMother: Isabel Fitzjohn

2G GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327

3G GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287

4G GrandFather: Richard Clare 6th Earl Gloucester, 5th Earl Hertford 1222-1262

4G GrandMother: Maud Lacy Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford

3G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300

4G GrandFather: Maurice Fitzgerald 4th Lord Offaly 1238-1277

4G GrandMother: Emmeline Longespée Lady Offaly 1250-1291

Mother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440

GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

1G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

2G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

3G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

3G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

4G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252

4G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

2G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

3G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

4G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

4G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

3G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305

4G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302

1G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

2G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

3G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304

4G GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257

4G GrandMother: Adelaide Countholland Count Hainault 1230-1284

3G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311

4G GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

4G GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur 1220-1275

2G GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342

3G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

4G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

4G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

3G GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299

4G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309

4G GrandMother: Mary Unknown

GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

1G GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380