Biography of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Fitzrichard

EVENTS

Around 1431 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 was born to Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (31) and Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (24)

On 03 Feb 1449 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (18) instructed not attend the forthcoming parliament and remain in the north guarding the border.

On 05 Jan 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (22) , Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (22) , William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423- (30) , brothers Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (22) and Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (21) and Roger Lewkenor were knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (31) at Greenwich, Kent during the Knighting at Greenwich

Around 10 Aug 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (22) summoned with Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (30) to appear before a Royal Council; he ignored it.

On 24 Aug 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (22) was ambushed at Heworth Moor, York, Yorkshire by Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (30) leading a force of 700+ men when returning with his brother's wedding party from Tattershall Castle, Tattershall, Lincolnshire to Sheriff Hutton, Yorkshire.

On Sep 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (22) ransacked the manor of Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (30) breaking windows and tiles.

On 20 Oct 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (22) , and his brothers Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (22) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (25) , met with Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 (60) and to negotiate peace.

On 31 Oct 1454 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (23) and Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (23) captured Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (31) and Richard Percy 1426-1461 (28) at Stamford Bridge, East Riding, Yorkshire during the Neville - Percy Battle

On Dec 1456 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (25) attacked by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (20) at Cheapside, City of London

After 1457 Isabel Neville 1457-1516 was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476

On 25 Apr 1457 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (26) and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476 (16) were married by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (39) at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent during the John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

In 1459 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) was appointed as Steward of the Honour of Pontefract

On 23 Sep 1459 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) attempted to ambush John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) whilst he was travelling to Ludlow, Shropshire to join up with the main Yorkist army. Forewarned by scouts arranged his troops into battle order. The Yorkist army included John Conyers -1490, Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (59) , James Harrington 1430-1485 (29) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) , William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (24) , Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (26) , John Savile, Walter Strickland 1411- (48) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (59) . The Lancastrian army included John Dutton -1459, Thomas Dutton 1421-1459 (38) and Peter Dutton -1459 who were killed. James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (61) was killed by Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 (26) . John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (34) were captured. Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (53) fought.

After 23 Sep 1459 James Harrington 1430-1485, John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 and Thomas Neville 1430-1460 were captured at Acton Bridge, Tarporley, Cheshire and imprisoned at Chester Castle, Chester, Cheshire having been detached from the main Yorkist force.

On 09 Oct 1459 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (39) was appointed as Speaker of the House of Commons at Coventry, Warwickshire during the Parliament of the Devils. John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) was attainted.

On Jul 1460 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (29) was released at Chester Castle, Chester, Cheshire

Around 1461 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476 (20)

On Jan 1461 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was created 1st Baron Montagu (4C 1461)

After 17 Feb 1461 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 was imprisoned at York Castle, York, Yorkshire

On 18 Feb 1461 at the Second Battle of St Albans the Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) , William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) . John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 (42) and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed.

After 10 May 1461 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 raised the siege at Carlisle, Cumberland

On 21 Mar 1462 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (31) was appointed 189th Knight Garter: Edward IV

On 06 May 1463 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (32) was appointed as Warden of the East Marches

On 26 May 1463 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (32) relieved at Norham Castle, Norham, Northumberland

On 25 Apr 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hedgeley Moor, Glanton, Northumberland during the Battle of Hedgeley Moor. Lancastrians Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (36) and Ralph Percy 1425-1464 (39) were killed.

On 15 May 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hexham, Northumberland during the Battle of Hexham. Those fighting for York included John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1427-1473 (36) , John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (36) . Of the Lancastrian army William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (49) fought. Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 (33) and Philip Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer 1424-1464 (40) were both captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) was beheaded following the battle.

On 27 May 1464 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) was created 1st Earl Northumberland (3C 1464)

On 25 Mar 1465 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (34) was appointed as Chief Steward for the Northern Duchy of Lancaster

In 1466 Margaret Neville 1466-1528 was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (35) and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476 (25)

In 1466 Anne Neville 1466-1486 was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (35) and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476 (25) at Salisbury, Wiltshire

In 1468 Lucy Neville 1468-1534 was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (37) and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476 (27)

On 27 Mar 1470 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (39) revoked 1st Earl Northumberland (3C 1464)

On 27 Mar 1470 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (39) was created 1st Marquess Montagu

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (28) commanded at Barnet, Middlesex during the Battle of Barnet supported by George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (21) , Richard III King England 1452-1485 (18) , John Babington 1423-1485 (48) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507 (30) , William Parr 1434-1483 (37) , John Savage 1422-1495 (49) , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45) , Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) and Thomas Strickland -1494. The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471 (40) , Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 (36) and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed. The Lancastrians Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (43) , John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40) , William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 (43) and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed. Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (33) fought.

After 14 Apr 1471 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 was buried at Bisham Priory, Bisham, Berkshire

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) 's two younger brothers George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (24) and the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) , who had married Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) 's daughters, Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (22) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (17) respectively, could enjoy Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) 's significant inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471. Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) , died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (6) born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (56) .

On 04 May 1483 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) died. He being the son of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, the nephew of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 who should, perhaps, have inherited the Earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury from his mother that had been appropriated by George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) .

Joan Neville was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476

Elizabeth Neville Baroness Scrope Masham, Baroness Despencer -1517 was born to John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476

ANCESTRY

Father: Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425

1G GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388

2G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367

3G GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331

4G GrandFather: Robert Neville 1237-1271

3G GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby 1267-1329

4G GrandFather: Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth 1240-1310

4G GrandMother: Margaret Zouche Baroness Warkworth 1251-1329

2G GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374

3G GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347

4G GrandFather: James Audley 1225-1232

4G GrandMother: Ela Longespée

3G GrandMother: Isolde Mortimer Baroness Audley Stratton Audley 1270-

4G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304

4G GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes 1269-

1G GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby

2G GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352

3G GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314

4G GrandFather: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe -1272

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Warenne Baroness Percy Topcliffe

3G GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel

2G GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy

3G GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314

4G GrandFather: Roger Clifford 1243-1282

4G GrandMother: Isabella Vipont

3G GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327

4G GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287

4G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440

1G GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

2G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

3G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

3G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

4G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

4G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305

2G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

3G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

4G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304

4G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311

3G GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342

4G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299

1G GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

2G GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

Mother: Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462

GrandFather: Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428

1G GrandFather: John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400

2G GrandFather: John Montagu 1st Baron Montagu, 3rd Baron Monthermer 1330-1390

3G GrandFather: William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349

4G GrandFather: William Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu 1275-1319

4G GrandMother: Elizabeth Montfort Baroness Furnivall, Baroness Montagu 1275-1345

3G GrandMother: Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349

4G GrandFather: William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison 1262-1335

4G GrandMother: Sibylla Tregoz Baroness Grandison

2G GrandMother: Margaret Monthermer Baroness Montagu, 3rd Baroness Monthermer -1395

3G GrandFather: Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer 1301-1340

4G GrandFather: Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer 1270-1325

4G GrandMother: Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford 1272-1307

3G GrandMother: Margaret Brewes Baroness Monthermer

4G GrandFather: Peter Brewes Count Flanders

1G GrandMother: Maud Francis Countess Salisbury

GrandMother: Eleanor Holland 1386-1413

1G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397

2G GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360

3G GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holland 1283-1328

4G GrandFather: Robert de Holand of Upholland

3G GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holland

4G GrandFather: Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Segrave

2G GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385

3G GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Blois 1279-1318

3G GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1305-1349

4G GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300

4G GrandMother: Joan Fiennes Baroness Wake Liddell -1309

1G GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416

2G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376

3G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel

3G GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

4G GrandFather: William Warenne -1286

4G GrandMother: Joan Vere

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306