BIOGRAPHY OF WILLIAM BERKELEY 1ST MARQUESS BERKELEY 1426-1492

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Fitzharding

Descent French Royalty: 5G Grandson Philip "Bold" III King France

EVENTS

In 1426 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 was born to James Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1394-1463 (32) and Isabel Mowbray 1400- (26) at Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire

On 22 Oct 1463 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (37) succeeded 2nd Baron Berkeley (2C 1421)

In 1466 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (40) and Elizabeth West were married

On Nov 1468 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (42) and Joan Strangeways were marriedFifth Cousin, Fifth Cousin

On 20 Mar 1470 the army of William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (44) including Maurice Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley 1435-1506 (35) defeated the army of Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle 1449-1470 (21) at Nibley Green, Berkeley, Gloucestershire. Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle 1449-1470 (21) was killed.

On 15 Jan 1478 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (4) and Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (5) were married at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster. An attractive match for Edward IV's second son since Anne Mowbray had inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance in 1476 when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 died. The ceremony was attended by Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (11) , Mary York 1467-1482 (10) and Cecily York 1469-1507 (8) . The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (35) was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (4) would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (52) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (53) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death. Fourth Cousin, Fifth Cousin

On 21 Apr 1481 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (55) was created 1st Viscount Berkeley

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) , who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) . William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483). Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) . Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) to their rightful inheritance.

On 19 Feb 1485 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59) was appointed as Earl Marshal

On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed at Ambion Hill, Market Bosworth, Leicestershire during the Battle of Bosworth. John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47) , John Conyers -1490, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17) , William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59) , Richard Fitzhugh 5th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28) , John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48) , Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26) , Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50) , Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68) , Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29) , John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23) , Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59) , George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17) fought for Richard on the defeated Yorkist side. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped. John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured. John Babington 1423-1485 (62) , William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) , James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) , John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) , John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) , William Alington 1420-1485 (65) , Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43) , Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 (53) were killed

On 29 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) processed from Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London to Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox, almoner Christopher Urswick, the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms. Also ahead of him were Thomas King Mann 1435-1504 (50) , John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23) , John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59) . Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53) , created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (43) .

Around 1486 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (60) and Anne Fiennes -1497 were married

On 28 Jan 1489 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (63) was created 1st Marquess Berkeley

On 14 Feb 1492 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (66) died

ANCESTRY

Father: James Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1394-1463

GrandFather: James Berkeley 1355-1405

1G GrandFather: Maurice Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1320-1368

2G GrandFather: Thomas Rich Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1296-1361

3G GrandFather: Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326

4G GrandFather: Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321

4G GrandMother: Joan Ferrers -1309

3G GrandMother: Eva Zouche 1281-1314

4G GrandFather: Eudo Zouche 1244-1279

4G GrandMother: Millicent Cantilupe -1299

2G GrandMother: Margaret Mortimer 1304-1337

3G GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330

4G GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304

4G GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes 1269-

3G GrandMother: Joan Geneville Baroness Geneville 1286-1356

4G GrandFather: Piers Geneville

4G GrandMother: Jeanne Lusignan 1260-1323

1G GrandMother: Elizabeth Despencer 1325-1389

2G GrandFather: Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1286-1326

3G GrandFather: Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326

4G GrandFather: Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 1223-1265

4G GrandMother: Aline Basset 1241-1281

3G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp 1263-1306

4G GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick 1237-1298

4G GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn 1238-1301

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Clare 1292-

3G GrandFather: Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295

4G GrandFather: Richard Clare 6th Earl Gloucester, 5th Earl Hertford 1222-1262

4G GrandMother: Maud Lacy

3G GrandMother: Joan of Acre 1272-1307

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

GrandMother: Elizabeth Bluet

Mother: Isabel Mowbray 1400-

GrandFather: Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399

1G GrandFather: John Mowbray 4th Baron Mowbray, 5th Baron Segrave 1340-1368

2G GrandFather: John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361

3G GrandFather: John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray 1286-1322

4G GrandFather: Roger Mowbray 1st Baron Mowbray 1254-1297

4G GrandMother: Rohese Clare

3G GrandMother: Aline Brewes

2G GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet 1312-1349

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp 1263-1306

1G GrandMother: Elizabeth Segrave 5th Baroness Segrave

2G GrandFather: John Segrave 4th Baron Segrave 1315-1353

3G GrandFather: Stephen Segrave 3rd Baron Segrave 1285-1325

4G GrandFather: John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325

4G GrandMother: Christiana Plessey

2G GrandMother: Margaret Plantagenet 2nd Countess Norfolk -1399

3G GrandFather: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Margaret Capet 1279-1318

3G GrandMother: Alice Hales -1330

4G GrandFather: Roger Hales

GrandMother: Elizabeth Fitzalan 1366-1425

1G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397

2G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376

3G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

3G GrandMother: Alice Warenne

4G GrandFather: William Warenne -1286

4G GrandMother: Joan Vere

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet 1318-1372

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp 1263-1306

1G GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohun 1350-1385

2G GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361

3G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322

4G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298

4G GrandMother: Maud Fiennes 1254-1298

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Plantagenet 1282-1316

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

2G GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere 1313-1356

3G GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322

4G GrandFather: Gunselin Badlesmere -1301

4G GrandMother: Joan Fitzbernard

3G GrandMother: Margaret Clare 1287-1333

4G GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287

4G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300