BIOGRAPHY OF CARDINAL THOMAS BOURCHIER 1418-1486

GENERAL

Descent French Royalty: 3G Grandson Philip "Fair" IV King France

EVENTS

Around 1418 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 was born to William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (44) and Anne "Gloucester" Plantagenet 1383-1438 (35)

Around 1432 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (14) educated Oxford University

In 1434 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (16) was appointed as Chancellor University of Oxford

On 15 May 1434 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (16) was appointed as Bishop Worcester

In 1443 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (25) was appointed as Bishop Ely

On Apr 1454 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (36) was appointed as Archbishop Canterbury

On Mar 1455 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (37) was appointed as Lord Chancellor

On 25 Apr 1457 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (26) and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476 (16) were married by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (39) at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent during the John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (40) presided at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Loveday. John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (22) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30) , Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22) , Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (46) , Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (36) , Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (35) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (28) attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

On 10 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (49) claimed the Kingdom of England at Westminster Hall, Westminster Palace, Westminster witnessed by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (42) .

On 28 Jun 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (43) who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop York at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Coronation of Edward IV

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (28) was crowned as Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (47) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (23) attended. John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (23) , Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (25) , Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (12) and William Calthorpe 1410-1494 (55) were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

In 1473 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (55) was appointed as Cardinal

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) 's two younger brothers George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (24) and the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) , who had married Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) 's daughters, Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (22) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (17) respectively, could enjoy Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) 's significant inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471. Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) , died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (6) born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (56) .

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) received a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as a result of having signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact. Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (57) arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (44) received a pension of 2000 crowns per year. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (50) and Thomas Montgomery -1495 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (52) 1000, Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (55) 600. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (22) opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable.

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) removed the younger brother of Edward V Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) from Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey, Westminster to the Tower at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was present.

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) was appointed as Queen Consort England. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491 (58) , Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33) , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) , Richard Hastings 9th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50) , Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) , Elizabeth York 1444-1503 (39) , Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion. Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown. Thomas King Mann 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed as Knight of the Bath.

On 30 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) was crowned VII King England and Ireland: Tudor by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (67) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Margaret Beaufort 1443-1509 (42) , his mother, attended. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (24) attended as the Kings' Champion. Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) carried the Sword of State. John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) carried the King's train.

On 30 Mar 1486 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (68) died at Knole House, Knole, Sevenoaks, Kent

After 30 Mar 1486 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 was buried at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent

ANCESTRY

Father: William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420

GrandFather: William Bourchier -1375

1G GrandFather: Robert Bourchier 1st Baron Bourchier -1349

2G GrandFather: John Bourchier -1330

2G GrandMother: Helen Colchester

1G GrandMother: Margaret Prayers

GrandMother: Eleanor Louvaine

Mother: Anne "Gloucester" Plantagenet 1383-1438

GrandFather: Thomas Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397

1G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

2G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

3G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

3G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

4G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252

4G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Count Ponthieu 1220-1279

2G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

3G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

4G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

4G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona 1248-1271

3G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305

4G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302

1G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

2G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

3G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304

4G GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257

4G GrandMother: Adelaide Countholland 1230-1284

3G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg 1252-1311

4G GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

4G GrandMother: Margaret Bar 1220-1275

2G GrandMother: Joan Valois 1294-1342

3G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

4G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

4G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona 1248-1271

3G GrandMother: Margaret Capet 1273-1299

4G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309

4G GrandMother: Mary Unknown

GrandMother: Eleanor Bohun 1366-1399

1G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford, 6th Earl Essex, 2nd Earl Northampton 1341-1373

2G GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361

3G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322

4G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298

4G GrandMother: Maud Fiennes 1254-1298

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Plantagenet 1282-1316

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

2G GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere 1313-1356

3G GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322

4G GrandFather: Gunselin Badlesmere -1301

4G GrandMother: Joan Fitzbernard

3G GrandMother: Margaret Clare 1287-1333

4G GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287

4G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300

1G GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan 1347-1419

2G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376

3G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo

3G GrandMother: Alice Warenne

4G GrandFather: William Warenne -1286

4G GrandMother: Joan Vere

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet 1318-1372

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet 1248-1302

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp 1263-1306