Biography of Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Bourchier

EVENTS

Around 1418 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 was born to William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (44) and Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford 1383-1438 (35)

Around 1432 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (14) educated Oxford University

In 1434 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (16) was appointed as Chancellor University of Oxford

On 15 May 1434 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (16) was appointed as Bishop Worcester

In 1443 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (25) was appointed as Bishop Ely

On Apr 1454 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (36) was appointed as Archbishop Canterbury

On Mar 1455 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (37) was appointed as Lord Chancellor

04 Mar 1455. Henry VI 1454-1461. Membrance 22d. Richard duke of York[1] (43) , to Edmund duke of Somerset[2] (49) . Recognisance sauce for 20,000 marks, to be levied etc. in Dorset. Condition, that he shall abide and obey the award of Thomas[3] (37) archbishop of Canterbury and papal legate, William[4] bishop of Ely, Humphrey[5] (52) duke of Bukingham, James[6] (34) earl of Wiltesir, John[7] (27) earl of Worcester, John[8] (45) viscount Beaumont, Ralph Cromwell[9] (52) and John Stourton knights, arbitrators indifferently chosen, touching all actions, plaints, controversies, demands etc. between the parties, so that the same be rendered in writing under their seals before 20 June next. Fcedera

On 25 Apr 1457 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (26) and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476 (16) were married by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (39) at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent during the John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (40) presided at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Loveday. John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (22) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58) , Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30) , Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22) , Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (46) , Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (36) , Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (35) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (28) attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

On 10 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 (49) claimed the Kingdom of England at Westminster Hall, Westminster Palace, Westminster witnessed by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (42) .

On 28 Jun 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (19) was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (43) who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop York at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Coronation of Edward IV

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (28) was crowned as Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (47) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (23) attended. John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (23) , Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (25) and Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (12) were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

In 1473 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (55) was appointed as Cardinal

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) 's two younger brothers George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (24) and the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) , who had married Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) 's daughters, Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (22) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (17) respectively, could enjoy Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) 's significant inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471. Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) , died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (6) born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (56) .

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) received a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as a result of having signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact. Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (57) arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (44) received a pension of 2000 crowns per year. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (50) and Thomas Montgomery -1495 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (52) 1000, Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (55) 600. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (22) opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney 1442-1499 (33) was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) returned to England.

On 17 Apr 1483, the coffin of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was carried to Westminster Abbey, Westminster by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (21) , John Savage 1444-1544 (39) , Thomas Wortley 1433-1514 (50) , Thomas Molyneux 1445-1483 (38) , probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 (33) who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (41) , Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (18) , Guy Wolston 1433-1490 (50) , John Sapcote 1448-1501 (35) , Thomas Tyrrell 1453-1512 (30) , John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (15) , John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314.

Above the coffin was a canopy carried by:

Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) , widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr 1434-1483
John Astley 1373-1488
William Stonor 1450-1494 (33)

At each corner of the canopy were carried banners:
Banner of the Holy Trinity carried by Henry Ferrers 1443-1500 (40)
Banner of Our Lady carried by James Radclyffe 1440-1484 (43)
Banner of St George carried by George Browne 1440-1483 (43)
Banner of Edward the Confessor carried by Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.

The procession of Lords Spritual was led by John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London 1382-1489
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (83) (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63)
Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle -1496
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich -1499
William Dudley Bishop Durham 1425-1483 (58)
John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Audley Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury -1524 (as Bishop Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester -1492, and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484 (36)
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) , then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.

The Lords Temporal then followed:
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52)
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28)
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (32) (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48)
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483 (68)
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (82)
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (43)
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (57)
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 (51)
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle 1432-1492 (51)
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489 (6)
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30)
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham 1447-1512 (35)
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50)
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50)
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (45)
Thomas Bourchier -1492
Thomas Bourchier -1533.

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) removed the younger brother of Edward V Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- (9) from Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey, Westminster to the Tower at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was present.

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.

On 30 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) was crowned VII King England and Ireland: Tudor by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (67) at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Margaret Beaufort Marchioness Suffolk 1443-1509 (42) , his mother, attended. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (24) attended as the Kings' Champion. Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) carried the Sword of State. John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) carried the King's train.

On 30 Mar 1486 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (68) died at Knole House, Knole, Sevenoaks, Kent

After 30 Mar 1486 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 was buried at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent

ANCESTRY

Father: William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420

GrandFather: William Bourchier -1375

1G GrandFather: Robert Bourchier 1st Baron Bourchier -1349

2G GrandFather: John Bourchier -1330

2G GrandMother: Helen Colchester

1G GrandMother: Margaret Prayers Baroness Bourchier

GrandMother: Eleanor Louvaine

Mother: Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford 1383-1438

GrandFather: Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397

1G GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377

2G GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327

3G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272

4G GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

3G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

4G GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252

4G GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

2G GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358

3G GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

4G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

4G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

3G GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305

4G GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302

1G GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

2G GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337

3G GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304

4G GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257

4G GrandMother: Adelaide Countholland Count Hainault 1230-1284

3G GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311

4G GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxembourg V Count Luxembourg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

4G GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxembourg, Count Namur 1220-1275

2G GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342

3G GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325

4G GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

4G GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

3G GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299

4G GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309

4G GrandMother: Mary Unknown

GrandMother: Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399

1G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford, 6th Earl Essex, 2nd Earl Northampton 1341-1373

2G GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361

3G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322

4G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298

4G GrandMother: Maud Fiennes Countess Essex, Countess Hereford 1254-1298

3G GrandMother: Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316

4G GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

4G GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

2G GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356

3G GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322

4G GrandFather: Gunselin Badlesmere -1301

4G GrandMother: Joan Fitzbernard

3G GrandMother: Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333

4G GrandFather: Thomas Clare 1245-1287

4G GrandMother: Juliana Fitzgerald 1266-1300

1G GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Countess Northampton 1347-1419

2G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376

3G GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302

4G GrandMother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel

3G GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

4G GrandFather: William Warenne -1286

4G GrandMother: Joan Vere

2G GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372

3G GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345

4G GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296

4G GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302

3G GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

4G GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283

4G GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306