Biography of Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Boteville

EVENTS

On 01 Apr 1274 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 was born to Roger Clifford 1243-1282 (31) and Isabella Vipont at Clifford Castle, Hay on Wye, Herefordshire

On 03 Nov 1295 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (21) and Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327 (19) were married at Clifford Castle, Hay on Wye, Herefordshire

After 1296 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 was appointed as Governor Carlisle Castle

On 30 Mar 1296 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (21) captured Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland from William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas 1240-1298 (56) . Richard Cornwall 1252-1296 (44) was killed during the course of the siege. 'When the town had been taken in this way and its citizens had submitted, Edward spared no one, whatever the age or sex, and for two days streams of blood flowed from the bodies of the slain, for in his tyrannous rage he ordered 7,500 souls of both sexes to be massacred..So that mills could be turned by the flow of their blood.' - Account of the Massacre of Berwick, from Bower’s Scotichronicon. .

Around 1297 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (22) was appointed as Warden of the Scottish Marches

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (26)
Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303 (55)
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306 (53)
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298 (49)
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24)
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (37)
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325 (26)
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 (52)
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326 (27)
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308 (43)
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308 (58)
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323 (30)
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (29)
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (48)
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (11)
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316 (43)
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (42)
Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321 (42)
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331 (41)
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 (30)
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (20)
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (17)
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (67)
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25)
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (21)
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (31)
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (18)
John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (59)
Philip Darcy 1258-1333 (39)
Robert Fitzroger
Roger Fitzwalter
Simon Fraser -1306
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (23)
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 (30) , and
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (47) .

William Scrope 1245-1312 (53) was knighted.

Of the Scottish army John Stewart -1298 was killed. William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 fought.

In 1299 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24) was created 1st Baron Clifford. Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327 (23) by marriage Baron Clifford.

On 21 Jan 1300 Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1300-1322 was born to Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (25) and Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327 (24)

In Jul 1300 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (26) , Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (23) , Simon Fraser -1306, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (31) and Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (50) fought at Caerlaverock, Scotland during the Siege of Caerlaverock Castle.

Before 09 Mar 1301 seven Earls and 96 Barons signed a letter to the Pope refuting the Pope's claim that Scotland was subject to the Pope's feudal overlordship. The letter was never sent. Those who signed include: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322, Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer 1270-1325, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322, Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306, Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324, William Leybourne, Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345, William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby 1243-1304, Edmund Hastings, John Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings, 14th Baron Bergavenny 1286-1325, Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304, Fulk Fitzwarin 2nd Baron Fitzwarin 1285-1337, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314, Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326, John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset 1274-1336, William Braose 2nd Baron Braose 1260-1326, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324, Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308, John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310, Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321, Robert Vere 5th Earl Oxford 1240-1296, John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin 1253-1309, Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon Gilsland 1276-1313, Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314, Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303, Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314, John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325, William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325, Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316, Piers Mauley 1st Baron Mauley 1181-1241, Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330, Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales -1304, Thomas Furnival 1st Baron Furnivall 1260-1332, Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf 1259-1304, Gilbert Talbot 1st Baron Talbot 1276-1346, William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364, Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford 1272-1308, Walter Fauconberg 1st Baron Fauconberg 1220-1304 .

Around 20 Feb 1304 a chevauchée of English knights including Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (29) , William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby 1276-1327 (28) , John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (35) , John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (48) and the future Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (29) attempted, unsuccessfully, to capture Simon Fraser -1306 and William Wallace -1305 at Happrew, Peebles during the Battle of Happrew.

On 05 Nov 1305 Robert Clifford 3rd Baron Clifford 1305-1344 was born to Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (31) and Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327 (29)

In 1307 Margaret Clifford Baroness Mauley 1307- was born to Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (32) and Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327 (31) at Appleby Castle, Appleby, Westmoreland

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) died at Burgh by Sands, Cumberland whilst on his way north to Scotland. Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (29) , Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (35) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (32) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) didn't return from exile. .

Around 19 Mar 1311 the nobility attempt to constrain Edward II King England 1284-1327 (26) by imposing a Council of Ordainers upon him. The Council included twenty-one signatories:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (39)
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (36)
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (33)
Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311
John Capet 5th Earl Richmond 1266-1334 (45)
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (33) , and
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (36) .

On 04 May 1312 Edward II King England 1284-1327 (28) and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) were at Newcastle on Tyne Castle, Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland where they barely escaped a force led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (34) , Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (39) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (38) . Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) escaped to Scarborough, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire, Edward II King England 1284-1327 (28) to York, Yorkshire. .

On 24 Jun 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (40) , Walter Fauconberg 1264-1314 (50) , John Lovell 2nd Baron Lovel 1289-1314 (25) , William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (36) , Pain Tiptoft 1st Baron Tibetot 1279-1314 (34) , Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314, John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314 (20) , John Montfort 2nd Baron Montfort 1291-1314 (23) and William Vesci -1314 were killed. Henry Bohun -1314 killed by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (39)

After 24 Jun 1314 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 was buried at Shap Abbey, Shap, Cumberland

Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy was born to Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 and Maud Clare Baroness Clifford, Baroness Welles 1276-1327

ANCESTRY

Father: Roger Clifford 1243-1282

GrandFather: Roger Clifford 1215-1286

1G GrandFather: Roger Clifford 1189-1232

2G GrandFather: Walter Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1160-1221

3G GrandFather: Walter Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1113-1190

4G GrandFather: Richard Fitzpons 1080-1129

4G GrandMother: Matilda Gloucester -1127

3G GrandMother: Margaret Isobel Tosny Baroness Clifford

4G GrandFather: Raoul Tosny 1079-1126

4G GrandMother: Alice Northumbria

2G GrandMother: Agnes Cundy Baroness Clifford

1G GrandMother: Sybil Ewyas 1178-1236

2G GrandFather: Robert Ewyas

GrandMother: Hawise Botreaux 1215-1301

1G GrandFather: John Botreaux 1190-1215

1G GrandMother: Hawise Newmarche 1205-1264

2G GrandFather: James Newmarche -1216

Mother: Isabella Vipont

GrandFather: Robert Vipont Lord Westmoreland 1232-1264

GrandMother: Isabel Fitzjohn

1G GrandFather: John Fitzpeter 1205-1258

2G GrandFather: Geoffrey Fitzpeter 1st Earl Essex 1162-1213

2G GrandMother: Aveline Clare Countess Essex

3G GrandFather: Roger Clare 2nd Earl Hertford 1116-1173

4G GrandFather: Richard Clare -1136

4G GrandMother: Alice Gernon

3G GrandMother: Maud St Hilary Countess Hertford

1G GrandMother: Isabel Bigod 1212-1250

2G GrandFather: Hugh Bigod 3rd Earl Norfolk 1182-1225

3G GrandFather: Roger Bigod 2nd Earl Norfolk 1144-1221

4G GrandFather: Hugh Bigod 1st Earl Norfolk 1095-1177

4G GrandMother: Juliana Vere

3G GrandMother: Ida Tosny Countess Norfolk 1156-1226

4G GrandFather: Ralph Tosny 1132-1162

4G GrandMother: Margaret Beaumont-Roger

2G GrandMother: Maud Marshal Countess Norfolk, Countess Surrey 1194-1248

3G GrandFather: William Marshal 1146-1219

4G GrandFather: John Fitzgilbert 1105-1165

4G GrandMother: Sybil Salisbury

3G GrandMother: Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke 1172-1220

4G GrandFather: Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Buckingham 1130-1176

4G GrandMother: Aoife Ní Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke, Countess Buckingham 1145-1188