Biography of Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Bohun

EVENTS

In 1276 Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 was born to Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298 (27) and Maud Fiennes Countess Essex, Countess Hereford 1254-1298 (22) at Pleshy Castle, Pleshey, Essex

On 31 Dec 1298 Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (22) succeeded his father as 4th Earl Hereford (6C 1199), 3rd Earl Essex (3C 1239)

Before 09 Mar 1301 seven Earls and 96 Barons signed a letter to the Pope refuting the Pope's claim that Scotland was subject to the Pope's feudal overlordship. The letter was never sent. Those who signed include: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322, Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer 1270-1325, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322, Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306, Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324, William Leybourne, Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345, William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby 1243-1304, Edmund Hastings, John Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings, 14th Baron Bergavenny 1286-1325, Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304, Fulk Fitzwarin 2nd Baron Fitzwarin 1285-1337, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314, Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326, John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset 1274-1336, William Braose 2nd Baron Braose 1260-1326, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324, Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308, John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310, Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321, Robert Vere 5th Earl Oxford 1240-1296, John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin 1253-1309, Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon Gilsland 1276-1313, Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314, Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303, Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314, John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325, William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325, Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316, Piers Mauley 1st Baron Mauley 1181-1241, Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330, Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales -1304, Thomas Furnival 1st Baron Furnivall 1260-1332, Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf 1259-1304, Gilbert Talbot 1st Baron Talbot 1276-1346, William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364, Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford 1272-1308, Walter Fauconberg 1st Baron Fauconberg 1220-1304 .

On 14 Nov 1302 Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (26) and Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (20) were married at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (20) by marriage Earl Essex (3C 1239), Earl Hereford (6C 1199).

On 17 Oct 1304 Eleanor Bohun Countess Ormonde 1304-1363 was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (28) and Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (22)

In 1306 Humphrey Bohun 1306-1306 was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (30) and Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (23)

In 1306 Mary or Margaret Bohun 1306-1306 was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (30) and Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (23)

Around 1307 John Bohun 5th Earl Hereford, 4th Earl Essex 1307-1336 was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (31) and Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (24)

On 02 Dec 1307 Edward II King England 1284-1327 (23) held a tournament to celebrate Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) 's recent wedding. Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) took the opportunity to humiliate the older nobility including John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey 1286-1347 (21) , Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (31) and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 (22) further increasing his unpopularity. .

In 1309 Humphrey Bohun 6th Earl Hereford, 5th Earl Essex 1309-1361 was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (33) and Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (26)

On 06 Dec 1309 William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (33) and Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (27) at Caldicot Castle, Caldicot, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales

In 1310 Edward Bohun 1310-1344 was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (34) and Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (27) at Caldicot Castle, Caldicot, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales

On 03 Apr 1311 Margaret Bohun Countess Devon 1311-1391 was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (35) and Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (28)

On 09 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) , under the protection of Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (37) , stayed at The Rectory, Deddington, Oxfordshire whilst en route south. Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (37) left Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) there whilst he left to visit his wife. The following morning Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (40) , with Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 (27) , Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (36) and John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324 (47) arrested Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) and took him to Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire. .

Around 15 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) was tried at Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire by Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (40) , Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (36) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (34) and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 (27) . He was condemned to death. .

On 24 Jun 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (38) fought, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (38) , Goronwy ap Tudur Hen Tudor -1331, Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (34) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (39) and Robert Umfraville Earl Angus 1277-1325 (37) fought. Thomas Grey 1280-1344 (34) undertook a suicidal charge that contributed to the English defeat and subsequently blemished his career

On 02 Jan 1315 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 was buried at King's Langley Priory, King's Langley, Hertfordshire in a lavish ceremony some two and a half years after his murder. The ceremony was attended by Edward II King England 1284-1327 (30) and his wife Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (20) as well as Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (39) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (40) , Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 (14) , Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (39) , Hugh Despencer 2nd Baron Despencer 1308-1349 (7) and his son Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1286-1326 (29) .

On May 1316 Isabel Bohun 1316- was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (40) and Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 (33)

On 16 Mar 1322 the rebel army led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) attempted to cross the bridge at Boroughbridge, Yorkshire. Their path was blocked by forces loyal to the King led by Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle 1270-1323 (52) . Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (46) was killed. Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (46) , Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (34) , John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324 (57) and John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers 1290-1365 (32) fought for the rebels. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1300-1322 (22) , Nicholas Longford 1288-1356 (34) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) , John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray 1286-1322 (35) were captured. Warin Lisle 1271-1322 (51) hanged after the battle. .



Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 carried the Royal Crown.

William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 carried the Gilt Spurs.

Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 carried the Royal Sceptre.

Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 carried the Royal Rod.

Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).

Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.

Thomas Grey 1280-1344 and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 attended.

ANCESTRY

Father: Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298

GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 1225-1265

1G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275

2G GrandFather: Henry Bohun 1st Earl Hereford 1176-1220

3G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 1143-1181

4G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun -1165

4G GrandMother: Margaret Gloucester 1123-1197

3G GrandMother: Margaret Dunkeld Duchess Brittany 1145-1201

4G GrandFather: Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Earl Northumberland 1114-1152

4G GrandMother: Ada Warenne Countess Huntingdon, Countess Northumberland 1120-1178

2G GrandMother: Maud Mandeville Countess Hereford

1G GrandMother: Matilda Lusignan Countess Hereford, Countess Essex 1210-1241

2G GrandFather: Raoul Lusignan 1160-1219

3G GrandFather: Hugh Lusignan 1141-1169

4G GrandFather: Hugh Lusignan VIII Count Lusignan 1108-1170

4G GrandMother: Bourgogne Dame de Fontenay Taillebourg Count Lusignan

2G GrandMother: Alix Eu

GrandMother: Eleanor Braose 1228-1251

1G GrandFather: William Braose -1230

2G GrandFather: Reginald Braose 1182-1227

3G GrandFather: William Braose 4th Baron Bramber 1144-1211

4G GrandFather: William Braose 3rd Baron Bramber 1135-1179

4G GrandMother: Bertha Gloucester Baroness Bramber 1130-

3G GrandMother: Maud "Lady of Hay" St Valery Baroness Bramber 1155-1210

4G GrandFather: Bernard St Valery

4G GrandMother: Matilda Unknown

2G GrandMother: Graecia Briwere

1G GrandMother: Eva Marshal 1203-1246

2G GrandFather: William Marshal 1146-1219

3G GrandFather: John Fitzgilbert 1105-1165

3G GrandMother: Sybil Salisbury

4G GrandFather: Walter Salisbury 2nd Baron Chitterne

4G GrandMother: Sybilla Chaworth Baroness Chitterne

2G GrandMother: Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke 1172-1220

3G GrandFather: Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Buckingham 1130-1176

4G GrandFather: Gilbert Clare 1st Earl Pembroke 1100-1148

4G GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont-Roger Countess Pembroke

3G GrandMother: Aoife Ní Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke, Countess Buckingham 1145-1188

4G GrandFather: Diarmait Macmurrough 1110-1171

Mother: Maud Fiennes Countess Essex, Countess Hereford 1254-1298

GrandFather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes 1210-1265

1G GrandFather: William Fiennes 1160-1240

2G GrandFather: Engeurrand "Crusader" Fiennes 1128-1189

3G GrandFather: Eustace Fiennes 1106-1137

4G GrandFather: Conan Fiennes 1065-1140

3G GrandMother: Alix Unknown

4G GrandFather: Eustache Unknown

2G GrandMother: Sibylle Flanders -1223

3G GrandFather: Guillaume Flanders 1088-1130

4G GrandFather: Godfrey Flanders Lord Bouilon 1060-1100

4G GrandMother: Beatrice Mandeville Lady Bouilon

1G GrandMother: Agnes Dammartin

2G GrandFather: Alberic Dammartin -1200

2G GrandMother: Mathilde Clermont

3G GrandFather: Renaud II Clermont

GrandMother: Isabel Provence