Biography of Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275

GENERAL

Paternal Family Tree: Bohun

EVENTS

In 1204 Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 was born to Henry Bohun 1st Earl Hereford 1176-1220 (28) and Maud Mandeville Countess Hereford

On 01 Jun 1220 Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (16) succeeded 2nd Earl Hereford (6C 1199)

In 1225 Humphrey Bohun 1225-1265 was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (21) and Matilda Lusignan Countess Hereford, Countess Essex 1210-1241 (15)

Around 1236 Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (32) and Matilda Lusignan Countess Hereford, Countess Essex 1210-1241 (26) were married. Matilda Lusignan Countess Hereford, Countess Essex 1210-1241 (26) by marriage Earl Hereford (6C 1199).

In 1239 Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (35) was created 1st Earl Essex (3C 1239). Matilda Lusignan Countess Hereford, Countess Essex 1210-1241 (29) by marriage Earl Essex (3C 1239).

On 22 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was christened at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Christening of Edward I with Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (35) as godfather. He was named after Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066

Around 1242 Eleanor Bohun 1242-1278 was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (38) and Matilda Lusignan Countess Hereford, Countess Essex 1210-1241

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (56) including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (20) , Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (29) and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (26) defeated the army of Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56) during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes, East Sussex, Sussex

Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56) , his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24) , Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (60) , Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (55) , John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch 1220-1275 (44) , Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 (30) and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (32) were captured.

John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (33) , John Balliol 1207-1268 (56) , Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale 1215-1295 (49) , Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (49) and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 fought for the King.

Guy Lusignan -1264 was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin 1220-1264 (44) drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester 1191-1266 (72) was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

On 31 Oct 1266 the Dictum of Kenilworth was issued. The Dictum was a peace agreement between Henry III King England 1207-1272 (59) and the rebels who were besieged in the impregnable Kenilworth Castle, Kenilworth, Warwickshire.
Those appointed to the committee by Parliament included:Walter Branscombe Bishop Exeter 1220-1280 (46)
Walter Giffard Archbishop York 1225-1279 (41)
Nicholas Ely Bishop Worcester, Bishop Winchester -1280
Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314
Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (62)
Philip Basset 1184-1271 (82)
John Balliol 1207-1268 (58)
Robert Walerand
Alan Zouche 1203-1270 (63)
Roger Somery 2nd Baron Dudley 1190-1273 (76) , and
Warin Bassingbourne

The committee were given until All Saints Day, 01 Nov 1266, to draft and agreement. The primary purpose of the Dictum was to restore Royal authority repudiating the Provisions of Oxford, confirming the Magna Carta and Charter of the Forest. Rebels were fined five times their annual income. Rebel commanders Robert Ferrers 6th Earl Derby 1239-1279 (27) and Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (31) were fined seven times their annual income. The Dictum, however, required the rebels to pay their fines before being restored to their lands; something of a Catch-22 since if they weren't restored to their lands, they would have no income to pay the fine.

On 24 Sep 1275 Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (71) died at Kenilworth Castle, Kenilworth, Warwickshire

After 24 Sep 1275 Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 was buried at Llanthony Secunda Priory, Gloucester, Gloucestershire

Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 was appointed as Constable England

Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 and Maud Avenbury Countess Essex, Countess Hereford were married. Maud Avenbury Countess Essex, Countess Hereford by marriage Earl Essex (3C 1239), Earl Hereford (6C 1199).

Henry Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 and Matilda Lusignan Countess Hereford, Countess Essex 1210-1241

Geoffrey Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 and Matilda Lusignan Countess Hereford, Countess Essex 1210-1241

Ralph Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 and Matilda Lusignan Countess Hereford, Countess Essex 1210-1241

Maud Bohun Countess Pembroke was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 and Matilda Lusignan Countess Hereford, Countess Essex 1210-1241

Alice Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 and Matilda Lusignan Countess Hereford, Countess Essex 1210-1241

Mary Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 and Matilda Lusignan Countess Hereford, Countess Essex 1210-1241

Gilbert Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 and Maud Avenbury Countess Essex, Countess Hereford

ANCESTRY

Father: Henry Bohun 1st Earl Hereford 1176-1220

GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 1143-1181

1G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun -1165

2G GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 2nd Baron Trowbridge -1123

3G GrandFather: Humphrey "Bearded" Bohun 1040-1113

2G GrandMother: Maud Salisbury 2nd Baroness Trowbridge

3G GrandFather: Edward Salisbury 1st Baron Trowbridge, 1st Baron Chitterne -1130

1G GrandMother: Margaret Gloucester 1123-1197

2G GrandFather: Miles Gloucester 1st Earl Hereford -1143

3G GrandFather: Walter Gloucester -1129

4G GrandFather: Roger Gloucester -1082

4G GrandMother: Adeliza or Eunice Balun

3G GrandMother: Bertha Balun

4G GrandFather: Unknown Balun

2G GrandMother: Sibyl Neufmarché Countess Hereford 1100-1143

3G GrandFather: Bernard Neufmarché 1050-1125

4G GrandFather: Geofrey "The Incompetent" Neufmarché 1025-1100

4G GrandMother: Ada II Heugleville

3G GrandMother: Agnes or Nest St John 1079-1163

4G GrandFather: Osbern St John 2nd Baron Burford 1045-1100

4G GrandMother: Nest verch Gruffydd Cadelling Baroness Burford

GrandMother: Margaret Dunkeld Duchess Brittany 1145-1201

1G GrandFather: Henry Dunkeld 3rd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Earl Northumberland 1114-1152

2G GrandFather: David I King Scotland 1084-1153

3G GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

4G GrandFather: Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland 1001-1040

4G GrandMother: Bethóc Unknown Queen Consort Scotland

3G GrandMother: Margaret Wessex Queen Consort Scotland 1045-1093

4G GrandFather: Edward "The Exile" Wessex 1016-1057

4G GrandMother: Agatha Unknown

1G GrandMother: Ada Warenne Countess Huntingdon, Countess Northumberland 1120-1178

2G GrandFather: William Warenne 2nd Earl Surrey -1138

3G GrandFather: William Warenne 1st Earl Surrey -1088

4G GrandFather: Ralph Warenne

3G GrandMother: Gundred Unknown Countess Surrey

2G GrandMother: Elizabeth Capet Countess Leicester, Count Meulan, Countess Surrey 1085-1131

3G GrandFather: Hugh "Great" Capet 1057-1101

4G GrandFather: Henry I King France 1008-1060

4G GrandMother: Anne Rurik Queen Consort France 1030-1075

3G GrandMother: Adelaide Vermandois I Count Vermandois -1120

4G GrandFather: Herbert Vermandois IV Count Vermandois 1028-1080

4G GrandMother: Adela Valois Count Blois, Count Vermandois

Mother: Maud Mandeville Countess Hereford