Biography of Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Thomas_Beaufort_1st_Duke_Exeter_1377-1426

Maternal Family Tree: /Low Countries/Families/Katherine_Roet_Duchess_Lancaster_1350-1403[MFT].html#Thomas_Beaufort_1st_Duke_Exeter_1377-1426

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 16 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Timeline

Around Jan 1377 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

On Feb 1397 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 legitimised

In 1400 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was appointed 98th Knight Garter: Henry IV

Before 15 Feb 1404 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 and Margaret Neville Duchess Exeter 1384-1413 were married

Northern Rising

On 27 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 had assembled a force of around 8000 men at Shipton Moor, Shipton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire.Believing they had been given safe conduct by Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and assured their demands would be met, the rebel army disbanded .
On 29 May 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 were arrested and taken to Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire.
On 03 Jun 1405 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 arrived at York.The King denied the accused trial by their peers. Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey, 12th Earl Arundel 1381-1415 and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 sat in judgement of Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405. William Gascoigne 1350-1419 refused to pronounce sentence on Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 asserting their right to be tried by their peers.
On 08 Jun 1405 Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk, 2nd Earl Nottingham 1385-1405 was beheaded before a great crowd at York, Yorkshire for having led the Northern Rising.

On 05 Jul 1411 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was created 1st Earl Dorset (2C 1411). Margaret Neville Duchess Exeter 1384-1413 by marriage Earl Dorset (2C 1411).

Before 1413 Henry Beaufort 1412- was born to Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 and Margaret Neville Duchess Exeter 1384-1413

In 1413 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was appointed as Lieutenant Aquitaine

In 1415 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was appointed as Captain Harfleur

On 18 Nov 1416 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was created 1st Duke Exeter (2C 1416). Margaret Neville Duchess Exeter 1384-1413 by marriage Duke Exeter (2C 1416).

In 1419 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was captured at Château Gaillard

In 1419 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was appointed as Captain of Rouen

Treaty of Troyes

On 21 May 1420 #the Treaty of Troyes was signed at Troyes. Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 and Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 negotiated the terms which included the marriage of Henry V King England 1386-1422[Henry V} and Catherine of Valois, daughter of Charles V, and the acknowledgement of Henry V King England 1386-1422 as Charles V's heir disinheriting the Dauphin.

Battle of Baugé

On 23 Mar 1421 the Dauphin's and Scottish army heavily defeated the English army at the Battle of Baugé.On the French side Étienne Vignolles -1443 fought.On the Scottish side John Stewart 2nd Earl Buchan 1381-1424 and John Stewart 1st Count Évreux 1380-1429 fought. William Douglas 1384-1421 was killed.
On the English side John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444, Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426, Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 and John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 were captured.
Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421, John Lumley 1383-1421, John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421, Walter Fitzwalter 7th Baron Fitzwalter 1400-1421, John Ros 7th Baron Ros Helmsley 1397-1421 and his son William Ros 1397-1421, and Gilbert V Umfraville -1421 were killed.

On 31 Dec 1426 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 died at Greenwich, Kent

Ancestry

Father: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster

GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Edward II King England

Great Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England

GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

Mother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster