Biography of Richard York 1st Duke York

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Richard_York_1st_Duke_York_1st_Duke_Norfolk_1473-

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Edward IV King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Son of Edward IV King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 5 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Timeline

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was created 1st Duke York (2C 1474)

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

In 1475 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was appointed 215th Knight Garter: Edward IV

On 14 Jan 1476 John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 died at Framlingham Castle, Framlingham, Suffolk.Suspicious since he was only 32.His only child Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who inherited the vast Mowbray estates was subsequently married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- two years later.

On 14 Jan 1476 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- by marriage 8th Earl Norfolk (3C 1312)

On 12 Jun 1476 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was created 1st Earl Nottingham (3C 1476)

On 07 Feb 1477 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was created 1st Duke Norfolk (2C 1481)

On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray were married at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster.She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 died in 1476.The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth, Mary and Cecily.The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-, who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

Around 03 May 1483 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 took Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey, Westminster with Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501.Her brother Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484 was with her.

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation.. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 was present.

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485. William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483).Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-. Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 to their rightful inheritance.

On 17 Jul 1483 Robert Brackenbury -1485 was appointed Constable Tower of London for life meaning he was in direct care of The Princes in the Tower: Edward V King England 1470- and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-.

Around Aug 1483 Edward V King England 1470- and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- disappeared from the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Thomas More 1478-1535 reports, sometime after the event, that Richard III King England 1452-1485 requested Robert Brackenbury -1485 undertake the murder of the children.Upon Brackenbury's refusal Richard III King England 1452-1485 instructed Robert Brackenbury -1485 give the keys to the Tower to James Tyrrell 1455-1502 who would then undertake the task.

Ancestry

Father: Edward IV King England

GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales

Great GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge

Great Great GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York

Great Great GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York

Great GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge

GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York

Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland

Great Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby

Great Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby

Great GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland

Great Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster

Great Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Mother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England

GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers

Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville

Great GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate

GrandMother: Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford