Biography of Richard II King England

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Richard_II_King_England_1367-1400

Descendants Family Trees:

John "Lackland" I King England

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 6 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 12 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg

Kings Powys: Great x 7 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France

Timeline

On 06 Jan 1367 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 at Bordeaux

In 1377 Simon Burley 1336-1388 was confirmed an annual grant of £100 by Richard II King England 1367-1400

On 23 Apr 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was appointed 61st Knight Garter: Edward III

On 21 Jun 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster by Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381.
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 carried the Crown. Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 were knighted. Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 attended. John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).

Peasant's Revolt

On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385, Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401, William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397, Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397, Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 and Robert Hales 1325-1390 at the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .
On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill, City of London capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385, the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413, Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 and Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381. Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381 was beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London..
On 15 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 met with Wat Tyler -1381 at Smithfield, Faringdon Without, City of London.During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler -1381 was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor -1385. Wat Tyler -1381 was then killed by John Cavendish 1374-1417 .
On 15 Jun 1381 John Cavendish 1346-1381 was captured at Church of St Mary, Cavendish, Suffolk during the Peasant's Revolt.

On 20 Jan 1382 Richard II King England 1367-1400 and Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 were married at Westminster Abbey, Westminster.Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner.

Wonderful Parliament

Around Sep 1386 the Wonderful Parliament sought to reform the administration of Richard II King England 1367-1400. Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 was impeached for his failures in France.

In 1387 David Hamner 1332-1387 was knighted by Richard II King England 1367-1400

Merciless Parliament

In Feb 1388 Merciless Parliament sought to cleanse Richard II King England 1367-1400 's administration. Simon Burley 1336-1388 was executed. Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 was sentenced to be hung, drawn and quartered. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 was attainted. Nicholas Brembre -1399 was tried.

Battle of Otterburn

On 05 Aug 1388 a Scottish army commanded by John Swinton -1402 defeated an English army commanded by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 during the Battle of Otterburn at Otterburn, Northumberland. Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 and his brother Ralph Percy_0000015340 were captured as was Matthew Redman 1328-1389.On the Scottish side James Douglas 2nd Earl Douglas 1358-1388 was killed, John Dunbar 4th Earl Moray -1391 fought.The English suffered 1000 killed, 2000 captured.The Scottish 100 killed, 200 captured.
On 30 Dec 1389 Richard II King England 1367-1400 held his Christmas Court at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire. John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 was killed jousting.

On 07 Jun 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 died of plague (probably) at Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond, Surrey. Richard II King England 1367-1400 was so distraught at her death he ordered the destruction of Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond, Surrey.

On 03 Aug 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 was buried at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey, Westminster with Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 presiding. Richard II King England 1367-1400 attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397, brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer Countess Pembroke, Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1375-1400, arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood.

In Oct 1394 Richard II King England 1367-1400 travelled to Ireland with William Hankford 1350-1423.

On 22 Nov 1395 Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 was buried when Richard II King England 1367-1400 had the coffin opened to kiss his lost friend's hand and to gaze on his face one last time

On 31 Oct 1396 Richard II King England 1367-1400 and Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 were married.The marriage being one of the terms of a twenty-eight year peace treaty with France.He twenty-nine, she six.The marriage sowed the seeds subsequent rebellion since there was no prospect of an heir to securee the Crown.

In 1397 Richard Redman Master 1350-1426 campaigned with Richard II King England 1367-1400 at Ireland

In 1397 Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 served Richard II King England 1367-1400 as Ambassador to various German Princes.

On 12 Jul 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 was arrested for his opposition to Richard II King England 1367-1400[Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel]

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel. John Holland was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Thomas Holland was created 1st Duke Surrey.

On 29 Sep 1397 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) by Richard II King England 1367-1400 probably for arranging the murder of Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 by marriage Duke Norfolk (1C 1397).

In 1398 Richard II King England 1367-1400 travelled to Ireland with Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor..

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … "Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 two thousand marks...we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400.

..Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury -1407, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter 1344-1419, Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester -1401, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's -1407 ; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400, our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Boteville Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London -1421 Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors...

Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury -1406 and Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405, William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 our cousin."

In May 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 travelled to Ireland with Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409, Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor..

On 24 Jul 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 landed at Wales

In 1399 Henry Green 1347-1399 was executed by Henry IV King England 1367-1413 for having been a councillor of Richard II King England 1367-1400 at Bristol Castle, Bristol, Gloucestershire

On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 at Conwy Castle, Conwy, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales..

On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 surrendered to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 at Flint Castle, Flint, Flintshire, North-East Wales..

On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Thomas Grey 1359-1400, William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1370-1409, Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell 1347-1420 and Thomas Rempston -1406 were present..

Epiphany Rising

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England 1367-1400 to the throne replacing Henry IV King England 1367-1413.

On 14 Feb 1400 Richard II King England 1367-1400 died at Pontefract Castle, Pontefract, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire, probably murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.

On 17 Feb 1400 Richard II King England 1367-1400 corpse was displayed at St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London.

On 06 Mar 1400 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was buried at King's Langley Priory, King's Langley, Hertfordshire.

In 1413 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was reburied at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey, Westminster

15th Century

The 15th Century[Events] commenced with the Epiphany Rising; an attempt to restore Richard II to throne. Its failure resulted in Richard's death, as well as that of its leaders including Richard's half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400.
When Henry V King England 1386-1422 succeeded in 1413 he re-started the Hundred Years War. The Battle of Agincourt the English apogee. Thereafter Joan of Arc's one-year campaign re-invigorated the French and saw the gradual decline of English possessions and influence, and its last battle, the Battle of Castillon, in 1453.
When the English stopped fighting the French they started fighting each other.
The Wars of the Roses started around 1450 and ended in 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth (arguably 1487 Battle of Stoke Field), and the subsequent succession to the English Crown of the Tudor Family. The traditional Lancaster vs York more acccurately a first war between the Lancaster and Beaufort fanmilies against the York and Neville families, and a second war between Lancaster and Neville families against York.
The first war of the Wars of the Roses from Jan 1460 to Mar 1461 saw the only remaining member of the House of Lancaster Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 supported by his legitmised cousins the Beauforts against the House of York supported by the Neville family, in particular, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 and his brother John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471.
After Edward IV succeeded in 1461 the York and Neville families started fighting each other. Edward's marriage to Elizabeth Woodville a catastrophe. Kingmaker had been negotiating for Edward to marry a French Princess. The increasing influence of the Woodville family resulted in a corresponding descrease in the Kingmaker's influence. The second war of the Wars of the Roses from Mar 1470 to May 1471 saw Edward IV against an unlikely Lancaster-Neville alliance.
When Edward IV's died in 1483 his youngest brother Richard III King England 1452-1485 succeeded. Edward IV's sons were barred from the succession as a consequence of their being illegitimate as a consequence of Edward IV's having married previously. It all hinges whether you believe Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 was telling the truth when he told Richard III King England 1452-1485 he conducted the earlier marriage. The middle brother George Duke of Clarence's son Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 was also barred from the succession as a result of his father's attainer. Richard's short reign of two years and two months ended at the Battle of Bosworth where the victorious Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 succeeded to the English throne.

Ancestry

Father: Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales

GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Edward II King England

Great Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England

GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

Mother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales

GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent

Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great Great GrandFather: Henry III King England

Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Blois

GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent