Biography of Richard II King England
Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet
Descendants Family Trees:
John "Lackland" I King England
Edward "Longshanks" I King England
Edward III King England
Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex
Kings Gwynedd: Great x 6 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd
Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 12 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg
Kings Powys: Great x 7 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys
Kings England: Grand Son of Edward III King England
Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland
Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks
Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France
On 06 Jan 1367 Richard II King England was born to Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales at Bordeaux
In 1377 Simon Burley was confirmed an annual grant of £100 by Richard II King England
On 23 Apr 1377 Richard II King England was appointed 61st Knight Garter: Edward III
On 21 Jun 1377 Richard II King England succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin
Coronation of Richard II
On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury.
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey carried the Crown. Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington were knighted. Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales attended. John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).
On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales, Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick, William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury, Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury and Robert Hales at the Tower of London .
On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales, the future Henry IV King England, Joan Holland Duchess York and Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury. Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury was beheaded at Tower Hill..
On 15 Jun 1381 Richard II King England met with Wat Tyler at Smithfield.During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor. Wat Tyler was then killed by John Cavendish .
On 15 Jun 1381 John Cavendish was captured at Church of St Mary during the Peasant's Revolt.
Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia
On 20 Jan 1382 Richard II King England and Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England were married at Westminster Abbey.Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner.
Around Sep 1386 the Wonderful Parliament sought to reform the administration of Richard II King England. Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk was impeached for his failures in France.
In 1387 David Hamner was knighted by Richard II King England
In Feb 1388 Merciless Parliament sought to cleanse Richard II King England 's administration. Simon Burley was executed. Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk was sentenced to be hung, drawn and quartered. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland was attainted. Nicholas Brembre was tried.
Battle of Otterburn
On 05 Aug 1388 a Scottish army commanded by John Swinton defeated an English army commanded by Henry "Hotspur" Percy during the Battle of Otterburn at Otterburn. Henry "Hotspur" Percy and his brother Ralph Percy were captured as was Matthew Redman.On the Scottish side James Douglas 2nd Earl Douglas was killed, John Dunbar 4th Earl Moray fought.The English suffered 1000 killed, 2000 captured.The Scottish 100 killed, 200 captured.
On 30 Dec 1389 Richard II King England held his Christmas Court at Woodstock Palace. John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke was killed jousting.
Death of Anne of Bohemia
On 07 Jun 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England died of plague (probably) at Sheen Palace. Richard II King England was so distraught at her death he ordered the destruction of Sheen Palace.
Funeral of Anne of Bohemia
On 03 Aug 1394 Anne Bohemia Queen Consort England was buried at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel with Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York presiding. Richard II King England attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer Countess Pembroke, arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood.
Richard II Travels to Ireland
In Oct 1394 Richard II King England travelled to Ireland with William Hankford.
On 22 Nov 1395 Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland was buried when Richard II King England had the coffin opened to kiss his lost friend's hand and to gaze on his face one last time
Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois
On 31 Oct 1396 Richard II King England and Isabella Valois Queen Consort England were married.The marriage being one of the terms of a twenty-eight year peace treaty with France.He twenty-nine, she six.The marriage sowed the seeds subsequent rebellion since there was no prospect of an heir to securee the Crown.
In 1397 Richard Redman Master campaigned with Richard II King England at Ireland
In 1397 Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle served Richard II King England as Ambassador to various German Princes.
On 12 Jul 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey was arrested for his opposition to Richard II King England[Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel]
On 29 Sep 1397 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) by Richard II King England probably for arranging the murder of Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk by marriage Duke Norfolk (1C 1397).
Richard II Awards his Half-Brothers Dukedoms
On 29 Sep 1397 Richard II King England awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel. John Holland 1st Duke Exeter was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey was created 1st Duke Surrey.
Richard II's Second Trip to Ireland
In 1398 Richard II King England travelled to Ireland with Rhys ap Tudor Tudor and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor..
In 1399 Henry Green was executed by Henry IV King England for having been a councillor of Richard II King England at Bristol Castle
On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … "Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire two thousand marks...we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey.
..Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter, Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's ; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey, our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Boteville Bishop Bath and Wells Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors...
Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury and Richard Scrope Archbishop York, William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland our cousin."
Richard II's Third Trip to Ireland
In May 1399 Richard II King England travelled to Ireland with Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle, Rhys ap Tudor Tudor and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor..
On 24 Jul 1399 Richard II King England landed at Wales
Richard II Abdication
On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland at Conwy Castle..
On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England surrendered to Henry IV King England at Flint Castle..
On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London. Thomas Grey, William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby, Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell and Thomas Rempston were present..
In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England to the throne replacing Henry IV King England.
On 14 Feb 1400 Richard II King England died at Pontefract Castle, probably murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.
Richard II Burial
On 17 Feb 1400 Richard II King England corpse was displayed at St Paul's Cathedral.
On 06 Mar 1400 Richard II King England was buried at King's Langley Priory.
In 1413 Richard II King England was reburied at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel
The 15th Century commenced with the Epiphany Rising; an attempt to restore Richard II King England to throne. Its failure resulted in Richard II King England death, as well as that of its leaders including Richard II King England half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter.
When Henry V King England succeeded in 1413 he re-started the Hundred Years War. The Battle of Agincourt the English apogee. Thereafter Joan of Arc's one-year campaign re-invigorated the French and saw the gradual decline of English possessions and influence, and its last battle, the Battle of Castillon, in 1453.
When the English stopped fighting the French they started fighting each other.
The Wars of the Roses started around 1450 and ended in 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth (arguably 1487 Battle of Stoke Field), and the subsequent succession to the English Crown of the Tudor Family. The traditional Lancaster vs York more acccurately a first war between the Lancaster and Beaufort fanmilies against the York and Neville families, and a second war between Lancaster and Neville families against York.
The first war of the Wars of the Roses from Jan 1460 to Mar 1461 saw the only remaining member of the House of Lancaster Henry VI King England supported by his legitmised cousins the Beauforts against the House of York supported by the Neville family, in particular, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick and his brother John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu.
After Edward IV King England succeeded in 1461 the York and Neville families started fighting each other. Edward IV King England marriage to Elizabeth Woodville a catastrophe. Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick had been negotiating for Edward IV King England to marry a French Princess. The increasing influence of the Woodville family resulted in a corresponding descrease in the Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick influence. The second war of the Wars of the Roses from Mar 1470 to May 1471 saw Edward IV King England against an unlikely Lancaster-Neville alliance.
When Edward IV King England died in 1483 his youngest brother Richard III King England succeeded. Edward IV King England sons were barred from the succession as a consequence of their being illegitimate as a consequence of Edward IV King England having married previously. It all hinges whether you believe Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells was telling the truth when he told Richard III King England he conducted the earlier marriage. The middle brother George York 1st Duke Clarence son Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick was also barred from the succession as a result of his father's attainer. Richard III King England short reign of two years and two months ended at the Battle of Bosworth where the victorious Henry VII King England and Ireland succeeded to the English throne.
Father: Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales
GrandFather: Edward III King England
Great GrandFather: Edward II King England
Great Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England
Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England
Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England
Great Great GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France
Great Great GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre
GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England
Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault
Great Great GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault
Great Great GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault
Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland
Great Great GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois
Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois
Mother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales
GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent
Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England
Great Great GrandFather: Henry III King England
Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England
Great GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Blois
Great Great GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France
Great Great GrandMother: Maria Reginar Queen Consort France
GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent
Great GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell
Great Great GrandFather: Baldwin Wake
Great Great GrandMother: Hawise Quincy
Great GrandMother: Joan Fiennes Baroness Wake Liddell
Great Great GrandFather: William Fiennes
Great Great GrandMother: Blanche Beaumont