Biography of Richard III King England

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Richard_III_King_England_1452-1485

Maternal Family Tree: /Low Countries/Families/Katherine_Roet_Duchess_Lancaster_1350-1403[MFT].html#Richard_III_King_England_1452-1485

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Timeline

On 02 Oct 1452 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 at Fotheringay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

In 1461 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was created 1st Duke Gloucester (3C 1461)

Around Jun 1461 , the record is very vague, Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491.The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 provided the information to the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV's children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 were, therefore, illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George Duke of Clarence's children were barred from the throne as a consequence of their father's attainder.

In 1465 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was appointed 198th Knight Garter: Edward IV

George Neville's Enthronement as Archbishop York

On 06 Sep 1465 George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 was enthroned as Archbishop York at Cawood Castle, Cawood, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire during the George Neville's Enthronement as Archbishop York attended by Isabel Neville 1451-1476, Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 and Richard III King England 1452-1485.

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George and Richard, John Babington 1423-1485, Wiliam Hastings (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507, William Parr 1434-1483, John Savage 1422-1495, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 and Thomas Strickland -1494.
The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker, John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed. Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 and John Paston 1444-1504 were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 fought.

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
His brother Richard, Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485, George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492, John Savage 1422-1495, John Savage 1444-1544, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 fought. William Brandon 1425-1491, George Browne 1440-1483, Ralph Hastings -1495, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, James Tyrrell 1455-1502, Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 commanded.
Margaret of Anjou was captured.Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 was killed.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 and John Beaufort 1441-1471 were killed. Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 were beheaded after the battle.
On 06 May 1471 Gervase Clifton 1405-1471 was beheaded at Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire after the Battle of Tewkesbury.

On 05 May 1471 Humphrey Tuchet 1434-1471 was tried by John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (as Duke Gloucester) at Market Square, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire

Before 1472 John York 1471-1499 was born to Richard III King England 1452-1485

Before 1472 Katherine York Countess Pembroke 1471-1487 was born to Richard III King England 1452-1485

On 12 Jul 1472 Richard III King England 1452-1485 and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 were married at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 by marriage 1st Duke Gloucester (3C 1461).

On Dec 1473 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 was born to Richard III King England 1452-1485 and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 at Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire

Treaty of Picquigny

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possible, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France. Cardinal Bourchier arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings received a pension of 2000 crowns per year, John Howard and Thomas Montgomery 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1000, Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 600. !Edward's youngest brother Richard opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney 1442-1499 was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England 1442-1483 returned to England.

Capture of Berwick

On 24 Aug 1482 Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 was knighted by Richard III King England 1452-1485 at Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland during the Capture of Berwick

On 29 Apr 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 arrived in Nottingham, Nottinghamshire.

On 30 Apr 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 met Richard Grey 1457-1483 and Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 at Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire who were accompanying Edward V King England 1470- to from Ludlow to London.All three had dinner together.

On 01 May 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 arrested Richard Grey 1457-1483, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 and Thomas Vaughan Master 1410-1483 at Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire. Edward V King England 1470- was taken under his uncle Richard's Protection to London.

On 04 May 1483 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 died.He being the son of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, the nephew of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471[Warwick the Kingmaker} who should, perhaps, have inherited the Earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury from his mother that had been appropriated by George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 and Richard III King England 1452-1485.The timing somewhat suspicious.The future Richard III would now enjoy the whole of the Warwick inheritance.

Before 08 May 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was appointed as Lord Protector.

On 16 May 1483 Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485. Westminster.Grant for life to the king's servant Henry REF(PE$CC$11905) duke of Buckingham, of the offices of chief justice and chamberlain in South and North Wales, constable of the castles and counties of Kermerdyn REF(PL0$CC$4485) and Cardigan REF(PL0$CC$4506), the castles of Abrustwith REF(PL0$CC$4508), co Cardigan, and Denevour in South Wales REF(PL0$CC$4497), the castle and town of Tonebigh REF(PL0$CC$4672), co.Pembroke, the castle and lordship of Kylgarvan REF(PL0$CC$4651) in South Wales, the castle and town of Llan Stepham REF(PL0$CC$4504) in South Wales, the lordship of Wallewynscastell REF(PL0$CC$4673) in South Wales, the lordship of Westhaverford in South Wales REF(PL0$CC$4653), constable, steward, and receiver of the castle, lordshiop and manor of Uske REF(PL0$CC$4642), the castle and lordship of Carlion REF(PL0$CC$4617), the castle, lordship and manor of Dynas, the castle and a moiety of the lordship of Ewyas Lacy, the castles, lordships and manors of Belth,Clifford, Radnore, Melenyth, Montgomery, Dynbigh, Elvell and Narberth, the castle, lordship and manors of Wygmore and Holt in the marches of Wales, and the lordship and manor of Bromfield in the same marches, steward and receiver of the lordships and manors of Norton, Knyghton, Raydor, Guerthrenyon, Comotoyder, Glasbury, Weryfreton, Cherbury, Terthic, Halcetur, Kadewyn, Newton, Kyry in the marches..

On 20 May 1483 Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485. Westminster.Grant for life to the king's servant William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483, knight, of the office of master and worker of the king's moneys and keeper of the exchange within the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London, the realm of England and the town of Calais according rto the form of certain indentures, receiving the accustomed fees.By p.s.

On 20 May 1483 Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485. Westminster.Grant to the king's kinsman Henry REF(PE$CC$11905) duke of Buckingham, of the supervision and power of array of the king's subjects in the counties of Salop, Hereford, Somerset, Dorset and Wilts.[FOedera.] By p.s.

On 13 Jun 1483 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 was beheaded having been accused of treasonable conspiracy with the Queen at the earlier Council Meeting convened by Richard III King England 1452-1485 and attended by Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 at Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 were arrested.

On 26 Jun 1483 Richard III accepted the invitation of the citizens of London to become King.

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485. William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483).Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-. Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 to their rightful inheritance.

On 30 Jun 1483 Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485. Westminster.Commission to the king's kinsman John REF(PE0$CC$7145), duke of Norfolk, to execute the office of steward of England at the king's coronation.[Foedera.] By K.

On 30 Jun 1483 William Catesby 1450-1485 was appointed as Chancellor of the Exchequer. Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485. Westminster Grant for life to William Catesby REF(PE0$CC$2617), esquire, of the office of Baron of the Exchequer, receiving the accustomed fees at the Exchequer or the receipt of the Exchequer, with all rights, profits and commodities.By p.s.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 by marriage Queen Consort England.See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was appointed as Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491, Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492, Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1424-1508 and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Marchioness Suffolk 1443-1509 held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 was appointed as Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III.History doesn't record her reason.

On 15 Jul 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 was appointed as Constable England. Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485. Westminster.Grant for life to the king's kinsman Henry REF(PE$CC$11905), duke of Buckingham, of divers specified offices and powers in North and South Wales and the marches.
The like to the same REF(PE$CC$11905) of the office of constable of England REF(TH0$CC$2130), with the accustomed fees.By p.s.

On 25 Jul 1483 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was appointed as Lord Admiral of all England Ireland and Aquitaine. Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485. Westminster.Grant for life to the king's kinsman Henry REF(PE0$CC$7145), duke of Norfolk, of the office of admiral of England, Ireland and Aquitaine REF(TH0$CC$3749), with certain specified powers and the accustomed fees.By p.s.

Around Aug 1483 Edward V King England 1470- and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- disappeared from the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. Thomas More 1478-1535 reports, sometime after the event, that Richard III King England 1452-1485 requested Robert Brackenbury -1485 undertake the murder of the children.Upon Brackenbury's refusal Richard III King England 1452-1485 instructed Robert Brackenbury -1485 give the keys to the Tower to James Tyrrell 1455-1502 who would then undertake the task.

On 14 Aug 1483 Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 was appointed Chief Butler of England. Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485. Westminster.Grant for life to the king's kinsman Francis Lovell REF(PE0$CC$8410), knight, viscount Lovel, the king's chamberlain, of the office of Chief Butler of England, void by the death of Anthony REF(PE$CC$14344), late earl Rivers, receiving feses of 100l.yearly from the customs and prises of wines and other issues of his office, with all other profits.By p.s.

On 08 Sep 1483 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 was created Prince Wales, Earl Chester (6C 1483) at York Minster at an event attended by Richard III, Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 and Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499. Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 and John York 1471-1499 were knighted .

Buckingham's Rebellion

In Oct 1483 Buckingham's Rebellion was an attempt to replace Richard III King England 1452-1485 with Henry Tudor.Richard Haute -1487 took part.He escaped execution, and was subsequently pardoned.
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 was attainted.
On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 was beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace for his part in the rebellion.
On 08 Nov 1483 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 was executed at Exeter Castle, Exeter, Devon.
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 and Eleanor Bohun Countess Ormonde 1304-1363 escaped to Henry VII in Brittany. Walter Hungerford 1464-1516, Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1424-1508 and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 took part.!The rebellion was suppressed by Richard Guildford 1450-1506 and Robert Willoughby 1st Baron Willoughby Broke 1452-1502.
On 04 Dec 1483 George Browne 1440-1483 was beheaded at Tower Hill.

On 23 Oct 1483 Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485. Leicester, Leicestershire.Precept to the sheriff of Devon to issue a proclamation (English) denouncing Thomas Dorset REF(PE0$CC$6228), late Marquess of Dorset REF(TH00$CC$249), who holds unshameful and mischievous woman called Shore's wife in adultery, Sir William Noreys REF(PE0$CC$9777), Sir William Knevet REF(PE0$CC$7921), Sir Thomas Bourghchier of Barnes, Sir George Broun, knights, John Cheyne, John Noreis, Walter Hungerford REF(PE0$CC$7648), John Russh and John Harecourt of Staunton, who have assembled the people by the comfort of the great rebel REF(PE$CC$11905) the late duke of Bukyngham and bishops of Ely and Salisbury, and offering rewards for their capture and pardon for all who withdraw from them.[Foedera.] By K.

On 28 Oct 1483 Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485. Leicester, Leicestershire.General commission of array to the king's kinsman Francis Lovell REF(PE0$CC$8410), viscount Lovel his chamberlain, for the resistance of the rebel Henry REF(PE$CC$11905), duke of Buskingham.Mutilated.By K.by word of mouth.

On 05 Nov 1483 Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485. Bridport, Dorset.Commission of array in Wales to the king's kinsman William REF(PE$CC$18344), earl of Huntingdon, and James Tyrrell 1455-1502, knight, for the resistance of the rebels.By K.by word of mouth.
The like to James Tyrell, knight.

Titulus Regius

In 1484 Titulus Regius was the Act of Parliament that justified Richard III King England 1452-1485 succession.

In Mar 1484 Richard III King England 1452-1485 attempted to persuade Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 to leave Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey by promising to secure suitable marriages for her daughters.

On 09 Mar 1484 Edward IV Edward V Richard III 1476-1485. Richard III King England 1452-1485. Westminster.Grant for life to the king's servant Robert Brackenbury -1485 of the office of Constable Tower of London and 100l.yearly for his wages from the issues of the manors or lordships of Wrottell, Haveryng, Boyton, Hadlegh, Raylegh REF(PL00$CC$402) and Rocheford, co Essex, and Tunbrich, Penshurste REF(PL00$CC$679), Middleton and Merdon and the hundred of Middleton, co Kent, with arrears from 17 July last, in lieu of a grant to him by letters patent of that date surrendered.By p.s.

On 09 Apr 1484 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 died at Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire leaving his father Richard III King England 1452-1485 without an heir.

On 30 Mar 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 publicly rebutted rumours in front of the Mayor and citizens of London that he intended to marry his niece Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503.

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499
Richard Guildford 1450-1506
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1424-1508
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495
Roger Kynaston 1433-1495
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523
William Brandon 1456-1485
James Harrington 1430-1485
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485
John Sacheverell 1400-1485, and
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486.
William Norreys 1441-1507, Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 and John Savage 1444-1544 commanded.
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 was knighted.

Richard III King England 1452-1485 was killed at Ambion Hill, Market Bosworth, Leicestershire during the Battle of Bosworth. Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495
John Conyers -1490
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492
Richard Fitzhugh 5th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485, William Brandon 1456-1485, James Harrington 1430-1485, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485, John Sacheverell 1400-1485, William Alington 1420-1485, Robert Mortimer 1442-1485, Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485, Richard Bagot 1412-1485 and Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 were killed.
William Catesby 1450-1485 was executed at Leicester, Leicestershire after the battle.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth.
Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 betrayed Richard III King England 1452-1485 by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth.

After 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was buried at Greyfriars Church, Leicester, Leicestershire

On 26 Mar 2015 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was reburied at Leicester Cathedral, Leicester, Leicestershire

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's two younger brothers George and the Richard, who had married Anne Beauchamp's daughters, Isabel and Anne respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.!Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet.He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483, died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 acceded to the throne.Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male.Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486.

15th Century

The 15th Century[Events] commenced with the Epiphany Rising; an attempt to restore Richard II to throne. Its failure resulted in Richard's death, as well as that of its leaders including Richard's half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400.
When Henry V King England 1386-1422 succeeded in 1413 he re-started the Hundred Years War. The Battle of Agincourt the English apogee. Thereafter Joan of Arc's one-year campaign re-invigorated the French and saw the gradual decline of English possessions and influence, and its last battle, the Battle of Castillon, in 1453.
When the English stopped fighting the French they started fighting each other.
The Wars of the Roses started around 1450 and ended in 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth (arguably 1487 Battle of Stoke Field), and the subsequent succession to the English Crown of the Tudor Family. The traditional Lancaster vs York more acccurately a first war between the Lancaster and Beaufort fanmilies against the York and Neville families, and a second war between Lancaster and Neville families against York.
The first war of the Wars of the Roses from Jan 1460 to Mar 1461 saw the only remaining member of the House of Lancaster Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 supported by his legitmised cousins the Beauforts against the House of York supported by the Neville family, in particular, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 and his brother John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471.
After Edward IV succeeded in 1461 the York and Neville families started fighting each other. Edward's marriage to Elizabeth Woodville a catastrophe. Kingmaker had been negotiating for Edward to marry a French Princess. The increasing influence of the Woodville family resulted in a corresponding descrease in the Kingmaker's influence. The second war of the Wars of the Roses from Mar 1470 to May 1471 saw Edward IV against an unlikely Lancaster-Neville alliance.
When Edward IV's died in 1483 his youngest brother Richard III King England 1452-1485 succeeded. Edward IV's sons were barred from the succession as a consequence of their being illegitimate as a consequence of Edward IV's having married previously. It all hinges whether you believe Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 was telling the truth when he told Richard III King England 1452-1485 he conducted the earlier marriage. The middle brother George Duke of Clarence's son Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 was also barred from the succession as a result of his father's attainer. Richard's short reign of two years and two months ended at the Battle of Bosworth where the victorious Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 succeeded to the English throne.

Ancestry

Father: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales

GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge

Great GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York

Great Great GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York

GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge

Mother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland

Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby

Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster

Great Great GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster