Biography of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#John_of_Gaunt_1st_Duke_Lancaster_1340-1399

Descendants Family Trees:

John "Lackland" I King England

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 5 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Timeline

On 06 Mar 1340 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 at Ghent

In 1342 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 was created 1st Earl Richmond (5C 1342)

In 1359 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 were married at Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 by marriage Earl Richmond (5C 1342). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 jure uxoris 5th Earl Lancaster, 2nd Earl Derby (2C 1337).

On 31 Mar 1360 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire

In 1361 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 was appointed 36th Knight Garter: Edward III

In 1362 John Lancaster 1362-1365 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368

On 10 Apr 1362 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 jure uxoris 6th Earl Leicester (2C 1265)

On 13 Nov 1362 Edward III King England 1312-1377 created his eldest two sons as Dukes. Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 was created 1st Duke Clarence (1C 1362). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 was created 1st Duke Lancaster (2C 1362).

Before 21 Feb 1363 Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 at Burford, Shropshire

In 1365 Edward Lancaster 1365-1365 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368

In 1366 John Lancaster 1366-1367 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368

Battle of Nájera

On 03 Apr 1367 the forces of Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 commanded by Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 defeated the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 at the Battle of Nájera at Nájera.The English forces included John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399, John Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1331-, William Scrope 1325-1367, Peter Courtenay 1346-1405, John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux 1337-1393 and Thomas Banastre 1334-1379.The forces of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 included Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380.The battle achieved little since Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 escaped.

On 15 Apr 1367 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 at Bolingbroke Castle, Lindsey, Lincolnshire

In 1368 Isabel Lancaster 1368-1368 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368

On 21 Sep 1371 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Constance of Castile 1354-1394 were married at Roquefort, Landes. Constance of Castile 1354-1394 by marriage Duke Lancaster (2C 1362).His younger brother Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 married Constance's sister in July 1372.

After 21 Sep 1371 Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 accompanied her sister Constance of Castile 1354-1394 to England after her marriage to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399.

On 11 Jul 1372 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 and Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 were married at Wallingford, Oxfordshire. Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 by marriage Earl Cambridge (2C 1362).She being the younger sister of Constance of Castile 1354-1394 who had married Edmund's older brother John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 a year before.

In 1373 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

On 31 Mar 1373 Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Constance of Castile 1354-1394 at Hertford Castle, Hertford, Hertfordshire

In 1374 John Lancaster 1374-1375 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Constance of Castile 1354-1394

In 1375 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 at Château de Beaufort

Around Jan 1377 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

In 1379 Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 at Château de Beaufort

In 1380 Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 joined John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 's service as an Esquire

Around 1380 Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 was knighted by John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

On 13 Jan 1396 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 were married at Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 by marriage Duke Lancaster (2C 1362).

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 died at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire

After 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral, Castle Baynard, City of London

07 Jun 1399 . Westminster Palace, Westminster. To the keepers, occupiers, receivers or farmers of the lordship of Kyngeston in Dorsete for the time being. Order so long as the same shall remain in the king's hand to pay to John Swelle esquire 20 marks a year, which by a writing indented, confirmed by the king, John late duke of Lancastre granted him for life, to be taken of the issues of the said lordship.

In 1485 Catherine of Aragon was born to Ferdinand II King Aragon 1452-1516 and Isabella Trastámara Queen Castile 1451-1504.She was probably named after her Great Great Grandmother Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 daughter of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Constance of Castile 1354-1394.

Matthew Redman 1328-1389 served in France and Spain under John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

John Cockayne Chief Baron 1360-1429 executor of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 's will

Blanche Beaufort was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Marie St Hilaire Hainault

Ancestry

Father: Edward III King England

GrandFather: Edward II King England

Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great Great GrandFather: Henry III King England

Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England

GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England

Mother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England