Biography of Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Humphrey_Lancaster_1st_Duke_Gloucester_1390-1447

Maternal Family Tree: /Ireland/Families/Aoife_NI_Diarmait_Macmurrough_Countess_Pembroke_Countess_Buckingham_1145-1188[MFT].html#Humphrey_Lancaster_1st_Duke_Gloucester_1390-1447

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England


Kings Wessex: Great x 16 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 14 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Son of Henry IV King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 7 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France


On 03 Oct 1390 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394

Around 1400 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 was appointed 96th Knight Garter: Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 died at Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey, Westminster (confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem).His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 were present .

In 1414 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 was created 1st Duke Gloucester (2C 1414), 1st Earl Pembroke (5C 1414) .

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England 1386-1422 commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 commanded the Rearguard.
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. John Fortescue 1380-1415, Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415, Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 and Edward Burnell -1415, were killed.
The English included: Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439, William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462, William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420, John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443, Edward Courtenay 1385-1418, Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456, Thomas Dutton 1396-1431, Edmund Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435, Roger Fiennes 1384-1449, Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425, John Grey 1387-1439, John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421, William Harrington 1373-1440 as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449, Piers Legh 1389-1422 (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428, Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal, 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435, John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420, Robert Strelley 1397-1430, James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459, Robert Umfraville 1363-1437, Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1391-1416, Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1391-1458 was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 carried the Banner of St George.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445, Walter Sais, Roger Vaughan and his son Roger Vaughan -1471. Owen Tudor 1400-1461 is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415, Robert Bar Count Soissons, Count Marle 1390-1415, Edward Bar III Duke Bar 1377-1415, Anthony Valois-Burgundy Duke Brabant 1384-1415, Philip Valois-Burgundy II Count Nevers 1389-1415, John Valois-Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415, John Bar 1380-1415, Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415, Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415, David Rambures 1364-1415 and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415 and Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxembourg 1355-1415 were killed. Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465, John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 were captured.

Around 1423 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 and Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 were married

Before 1428 Arthur Lancaster 1427-1447 was born to Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447

Before 1428 Antigone Lancaster Countess Tankerville 1427-1450 was born to Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447

In 1428 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 and Eleanor Cobham 1400-1452 were married

In 1441 Eleanor Cobham 1400-1452, wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey 1st Duke Gloucester, brother of the deceased Henry V King England 1386-1422, uncle of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471, was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell and Roger Bolingbroke.All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessed to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne, 'the Witch of Eye'.Thomas Southwell died whilst in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.Roger Bolingbroke was hanged, drawn and quartered.Margery Jourdemayne was burned at the stake.Eleanor was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life..

On 20 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 arrested on a charge of treason

On 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 died.He was possibly poisoned although more likely he died from a stroke at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk.He had been arrested three days previously on a charge of treason.

After 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 was buried at St Albans Cathedral, St Albans, Hertfordshire


Father: Henry IV King England

GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster

Great GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great Great GrandFather: Edward II King England

Great Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

GrandMother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster

Great GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster

Great Great GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester

Great Great GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Great GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster

Mother: Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster