Biography of Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Henry_of_Grosmont_1st_Duke_Lancaster_1310-1361

Maternal Family Tree: /Ireland/Families/Aoife_NI_Diarmait_Macmurrough_Countess_Pembroke_Countess_Buckingham_1145-1188[MFT].html#Henry_of_Grosmont_1st_Duke_Lancaster_1310-1361

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

John "Lackland" I King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 14 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 16 Grand Son of Rhodri ap Mervyn "The Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 14 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg

Kings Powys: Great x 13 Grand Son of Brochfael ap Elisedd King Powys

Kings England: Great Grand Son of Henry III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 6 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 4 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Louis "Lion" VIII King France

Timeline

Around 1310 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 was born to Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 and Maud Chaworth 1282-1322 at Grosmont Castle, Grosmont, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales

In 1330 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 was knighted

In 1336 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 was appointed as King's Lieutenant in Scotland

In 1337 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 was created 1st Earl Derby (2C 1337)

On 04 Apr 1339 Maud Plantagenet Duchess Lower Bavaria 1339-1362 was born to Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 and Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster 1320-1361 at Bolingbroke Castle, Lindsey, Lincolnshire

Battle of Sluys

On 24 Jun 1340 Edward III King England 1312-1377 attacked the French fleet at anchor during the Battle of Sluys capturing more than 200 ships, killing around 18000 French.The English force included John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361, Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392, William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381, John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355, Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372, Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361, Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 and Richard Pembridge 1320-1375. Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer 1301-1340 died from wounds.

On 23 Apr 1344 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 was appointed 2nd Knight Garter: Founder

On 25 Mar 1345 Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 was born to Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 and Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster 1320-1361 at Bolingbroke Castle, Lindsey, Lincolnshire

Battle of Bergerac

Around 25 Aug 1345 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 commanded the English forces at Bergerac, Dordogne during the Battle of Bergerac.The English army including Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 won a decisive victory over the French with Henri Montigny captured.

On 22 Sep 1345 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 succeeded 4th Earl Leicester (2C 1265), 4th Earl Lancaster

Battle of Auberoche

On 21 Oct 1345 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 commanded an English army including Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 at Auberoche, Perigueux during the Battle of Auberoche.The battle was a significant victory for the English with the French forces being heavily defeated. The ransoms alone made a fortune for many of the soldiers in Derby's army, as well as Derby himself, who was said to have made at least £50,000 from the day's captives, and sealed his reputation as 'one of the best warriors in the world'.

On 03 Aug 1347 the English succeeded in capturing Calais providing England with a French port for the next two hundred years. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 commanded, John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355, Richard Vache -1366 and Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 fought during the year long siege.

Battle of Winchelsea

On 29 Aug 1350 the English fleet defeated a Castilian fleet at Winchelsea, Sussex during the Battle of Winchelsea.Around twenty Castilian ships were captured; several were sunk.For the English Edward III King England 1312-1377 and his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376, James Audley 1318-1369, Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392, Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 and John Sully 1283-1388 fought.

In 1351 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 was created 1st Duke Lancaster (1C 1351). Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster 1320-1361 by marriage Duke Lancaster (1C 1351).

In 1353 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 founded at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester, Leicestershire

Black Monday Hailstorm

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of Edward III King England 1312-1377 were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361, Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361, Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 and Walter Mauny were present.Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. Edward III King England 1312-1377 believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Bretigny.
Guy Beauchamp -1360 died from injuries received during the Black Monday Hailstorm.

On 23 Mar 1361 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 died at Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire.

After 23 Mar 1361 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester, Leicestershire

Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 and Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster 1320-1361 were married. Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster 1320-1361 by marriage Earl Derby (2C 1337), Earl Leicester (2C 1265), Earl Lancaster

Ancestry

Father: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester

GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester

Great GrandFather: Henry III King England

Great Great GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England

Great Great GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre

Mother: Maud Chaworth