Biography of Henry V King England
Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Henry_V_King_England_1386-1422
Maternal Family Tree: /Ireland/Families/Aoife_NI_Diarmait_Macmurrough_Countess_Pembroke_Countess_Buckingham_1145-1188[MFT].html#Henry_V_King_England_1386-1422
Descendants Family Trees:
Edward "Longshanks" I King England
Edward III King England
Kings Wessex: Great x 16 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex
Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd
Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 14 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg
Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys
Kings England: Son of Henry IV King England
Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland
Kings Franks: Great x 7 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks
Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France
On 09 Aug 1386 Henry V King England 1386-1422 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 at Monmouth Castle, Monmouth, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales
On 09 Aug 1386 Henry V King England 1386-1422 was appointed as Duke Cornwall
In 1399 Henry V King England 1386-1422 was appointed 93rd Knight Garter: Henry IV
In 1399 Henry V King England 1386-1422 was created 1st Duke Lancaster (3C 1399)
On 03 Feb 1399 Henry V King England 1386-1422 succeeded 3rd Earl Derby (2C 1337)
On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey, Westminster by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414.
Robert Braybrooke Bishop London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England 1386-1422 carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 carried a Sword..
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 was appointed as Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435, John Arundell 1366-1435 and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405 attended.
Battle of Shrewsbury
On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413, with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422, defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield, Shrewsbury, Shropshire. Henry V King England 1386-1422 took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403, the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424. Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 and Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 were killed. Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 was killed ; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413.
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403, Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 was hanged.
On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 died at Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey, Westminster (confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem).His sons Henry V King England 1386-1422 and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 were present .
On 20 Mar 1413 Henry V King England 1386-1422 succeeded V King England: Plantagenet Lancaster
On 09 Apr 1413 Henry V King England 1386-1422 was crowned V King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York, Archbishop Canterbury 1353-1414 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 was appointed as Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 was appointed as Lord High Constable .
In 1414 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 was created 1st Duke Bedford (1C 1414), 1st Earl Richmond (6C 1414), 1st Earl Kendal (1C 1414) .
In 1414 Nicholas IV Longford 1373-1415 indented to serve with Henry V King England 1386-1422 in France with a retinue of 50 archers.
On 31 Jul 1415, when Henry V King England 1386-1422 was in Southampton, Hampshire preparing to invade France, Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March, 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 revealed to Henry V King England 1386-1422 that Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415, Thomas Grey 1384-1415, and Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 were intending to replace Henry V King England 1386-1422 with Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March, 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 as King of England based on Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl March, 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 having a better claim to the throne. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452, Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 and Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 sat in judgement..
On 02 Aug 1415 Thomas Grey 1384-1415 was beheaded at North Gate, Southampton, Hampshire.
On 05 Aug 1415 Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 and Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 were beheaded at the North Gate, Southampton, Hampshire.
On 13 Aug 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 landed at Normandy
Siege of Harfleur
In Sep 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 commenced his invasion of France by undertaking the Siege of Harfleur to provide himself with a port from which to supply future operations. John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432, John Fastolf 1380-1459 and Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 fought. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 was wounded. Benedict Nichols Bishop St David's -1433 was present.
On 17 Sep 1415 Nicholas IV Longford 1373-1415 died. Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 died of dysentery at the Siege of Harfleur.
On 22 Sep 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 was captured at Harfleur
Battle of Agincourt
On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England 1386-1422 commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 commanded the Rearguard.
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. John Fortescue 1380-1415, Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415, Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 and Edward Burnell -1415, were killed.
The English included: Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439, William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462, William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420, John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443, Edward Courtenay 1385-1418, Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456, Thomas Dutton 1396-1431, Edmund Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435, Roger Fiennes 1384-1449, Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425, John Grey 1387-1439, John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421, William Harrington 1373-1440 as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449, Piers Legh 1389-1422 (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428, Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal, 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435, John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420, Robert Strelley 1397-1430, James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459, Robert Umfraville 1363-1437, Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1391-1416, Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1391-1458 was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 carried the Banner of St George.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445, Walter Sais, Roger Vaughan and his son Roger Vaughan -1471. Owen Tudor 1400-1461 is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415, Robert Bar Count Soissons, Count Marle 1390-1415, Edward Bar III Duke Bar 1377-1415, Anthony Valois-Burgundy Duke Brabant 1384-1415, Philip Valois-Burgundy II Count Nevers 1389-1415, John Valois-Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415, John Bar 1380-1415, Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415, Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415, David Rambures 1364-1415 and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415 and Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxembourg 1355-1415 were killed. Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465, John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 were captured.
In 1419 John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 fought in his cousin Henry V King England 1386-1422 campaigns in France
Treaty of Troyes
On 21 May 1420 #the Treaty of Troyes was signed at Troyes. Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 and Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 negotiated the terms which included the marriage of Henry V King England 1386-1422[Henry V} and Catherine of Valois, daughter of Charles V, and the acknowledgement of Henry V King England 1386-1422 as Charles V's heir disinheriting the Dauphin.
On 02 Jun 1420 Henry V and Catherine of Valois were married at Troyes Cathedral.
After 10 Aug 1420 Thomas Fitzgerald 5th Earl Desmond 1386-1420 was buried in Paris.Funeral of Thomas Fitzgerald. Henry V and Charles V were present.
Siege of Meaux
In Dec 1421 Henry V King England 1386-1422 commenced the Siege of Meaux. John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 fought. John Cornwall 1403-1421 was killed; his head being blown off by a cannon ball witnessed by his father. Meaux was eventually captured on 11 May 1422.
On 06 Dec 1421 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 was born to Henry V King England 1386-1422 and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire
On 31 Aug 1422 Henry V King England 1386-1422 died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentry, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 brought the body of Henry V King England 1386-1422 back to England. His only child Henry succeeded as VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster.
On 07 Nov 1422 Henry V King England 1386-1422 was buried at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 attended as Chief Mourner and Standard Bearer .
In 1441 Eleanor Cobham 1400-1452, wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey 1st Duke Gloucester, brother of the deceased Henry V King England 1386-1422, uncle of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471, was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell and Roger Bolingbroke.All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessed to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne, 'the Witch of Eye'.Thomas Southwell died whilst in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.Roger Bolingbroke was hanged, drawn and quartered.Margery Jourdemayne was burned at the stake.Eleanor was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life..
The 15th Century[Events] commenced with the Epiphany Rising; an attempt to restore Richard II to throne. Its failure resulted in Richard's death, as well as that of its leaders including Richard's half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400.
When Henry V King England 1386-1422 succeeded in 1413 he re-started the Hundred Years War. The Battle of Agincourt the English apogee. Thereafter Joan of Arc's one-year campaign re-invigorated the French and saw the gradual decline of English possessions and influence, and its last battle, the Battle of Castillon, in 1453.
When the English stopped fighting the French they started fighting each other.
The Wars of the Roses started around 1450 and ended in 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth (arguably 1487 Battle of Stoke Field), and the subsequent succession to the English Crown of the Tudor Family. The traditional Lancaster vs York more acccurately a first war between the Lancaster and Beaufort fanmilies against the York and Neville families, and a second war between Lancaster and Neville families against York.
The first war of the Wars of the Roses from Jan 1460 to Mar 1461 saw the only remaining member of the House of Lancaster Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 supported by his legitmised cousins the Beauforts against the House of York supported by the Neville family, in particular, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 and his brother John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471.
After Edward IV succeeded in 1461 the York and Neville families started fighting each other. Edward's marriage to Elizabeth Woodville a catastrophe. Kingmaker had been negotiating for Edward to marry a French Princess. The increasing influence of the Woodville family resulted in a corresponding descrease in the Kingmaker's influence. The second war of the Wars of the Roses from Mar 1470 to May 1471 saw Edward IV against an unlikely Lancaster-Neville alliance.
When Edward IV's died in 1483 his youngest brother Richard III King England 1452-1485 succeeded. Edward IV's sons were barred from the succession as a consequence of their being illegitimate as a consequence of Edward IV's having married previously. It all hinges whether you believe Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 was telling the truth when he told Richard III King England 1452-1485 he conducted the earlier marriage. The middle brother George Duke of Clarence's son Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 was also barred from the succession as a result of his father's attainer. Richard's short reign of two years and two months ended at the Battle of Bosworth where the victorious Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 succeeded to the English throne.
Father: Henry IV King England
GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster
Great GrandFather: Edward III King England
Great Great GrandFather: Edward II King England
Great Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England
Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England
GrandMother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster
Great GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster
Great Great GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester
Great Great GrandMother: Maud Chaworth
Great GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster
Mother: Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster