Biography of Henry VI King England
Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet
Descendants Family Trees:
Edward III King England
Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex
Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd
Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg
Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys
Kings England: Son of Henry V King England
Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland
Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks
Kings France: Great Grand Son of Charles V King France
On 06 Dec 1421 Henry VI King England was born to Henry V King England and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England at Windsor Castle
Death of Henry V
On 31 Aug 1422 Henry V King England died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentry, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley brought the body of Henry V King England back to England. Henry VI King England succeeded as VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster.
Death of Charles VI
On 21 Oct 1422 Charles "Beloved died at Hôtel Saint-Pol. There two successors to the French throne:
Henry VI King England succeeded as II King France: Lancaster.
Charles "Victorious" VII King France succeeded as VII King France: Capet Valois. Marie Valois-Anjou Queen Consort France by marriage Queen Consort France.
In 1426 Robert Wingfield was knighted by Henry VI King England at Hereford
In 1426 Edmund Hungerford was knighted by Henry VI King England
On 19 May 1426 Ralph Longford was knighted by Henry VI King England
English Coronation of Henry VI
On 06 Nov 1429 Henry VI King England was crowned VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Cardinal Henry Beaufort at Westminster Abbey. Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick carried the child King. John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk attended. John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont was knighted.
French Coronation of Henry VI
On 16 Dec 1431 Henry VI King England was crowned II King France: Lancaster at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. A somewhat futile exercise; the last gasps of the Hundred Years War.Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford was appointed Carver. Thomas Harrington, Hugh Courtenay 12th Earl Devon and his son Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon attended.
Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham
In 1441 Eleanor Cobham, wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester, brother of the deceased Henry V King England, uncle of Henry VI King England, was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell and Roger Bolingbroke.All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessed to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne, 'the Witch of Eye'.Thomas Southwell died whilst in the Tower of London.Roger Bolingbroke was hanged, drawn and quartered.Margery Jourdemayne was burned at the stake.Eleanor was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life..
Treaty of Tours
On 28 May 1444 the Treaty of Tours was concluded. The terms included the marriage of Henry VI King England and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England in return for which England ceded the strategically important French County of Maine to France; she brought no dowry. The Treaty was negotiated by William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk. The cessation of Maine subsequently came as something of surprise to Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset who was its Governor. He, Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset, was offered the Governorship of Normandy instead leading to a further rift between Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset and Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales who had already been offered Normandy. These seeds of the Wars of the Roses were falling on fertile ground.
In Sep 1444 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham was created 1st Duke Buckingham (1C 1444) by Henry VI King England in reward many years of loyal and continuous service to the Crown. Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham by marriage Duke Buckingham (1C 1444).
Richard of York meets Margaret of Anjou
On 18 Mar 1445 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales met Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England at Pontoise on his mission to bring her back to Endland for her marriage to Henry VI King England.
Marriage of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou
On 23 Apr 1445 Henry VI King England and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England were married at Titchfield Abbey.
Knighting at Greenwich
On 05 Jan 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, Thomas Neville, William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke, brothers Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond and Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford and Roger Lewkenor were knighted by Henry VI King England at Greenwich
Henry VI's first Illness
In Aug 1453 Henry VI King EnglandCharles VI of France suffered a similar illness; his sobriquet "Mad".
On Aug 1453 Henry VI King England suffered a mental breakdown
Birth of Edward of Westminster
On 13 Oct 1453 Edward Lancaster Prince Wales was born to Henry VI King England and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England at Westminster Palace.When Henry VI King England recovered from his catatonic state, he greeted the child as a 'miracle'.There is some speculation as the child's actual father since Henry VI King England and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England had been married for eight years before the child was born. Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset was suggested at the time.
On Jan 1455 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset was released by Henry VI King England
On Jan 1455 Henry VI King England recovered
First Battle of St Albans
On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury, Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham and Walter Strickland.
The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset, Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland, William Cotton, Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford and Richard Fortescue were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley and Edmund Dudley were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock both fought.
In 1457 John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal by Henry VI King England during his re-adeption but lost it again when Edward IV King England was restored in 1471.
Battle of Ludford Bridge
On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge.In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England who was present.The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales, the future Edward IV King England, Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham. Thomas Parr was present.The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel.
Battle of Northampton
On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, George Neville Archbishop York, William Neville 1st Earl Kent, Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent, Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Northampton. Henry VI King England was captured. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham, John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont were killed. Thomas Tresham fought. William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont and William Norreys were knighted. Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland was executed following the battle.
Act of Accord (39 Hen VI)
On 25 Oct 1460 Parliament enacted the Act of Accord (39 Hen VI) by which Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales was declared heir to Henry VI King England disinheriting Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471[Edward of Westminster at the same Parliament on 31 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales was appointed as Prince Wales, Earl Chester, Duke Cornwall and Lord Protector.
Second Battle of St Albans
On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England.The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland, John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk, Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby. Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley, William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury and Thomas Tresham were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu. John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu was captured. Robert Poynings and James Luttrell Baron Dunster were killed.
John Grey was killed fighting for Lancaster.A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England subsequently married Edward IV King England.
After the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville and Thomas Kyriell were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England during the battle against all decent laws of battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.
On 13 Jul 1465 James Harrington assisted with the capture of the fugitive Henry VI King England by being the instrument of persuasion that induced Sir Thomas Talbot of Bashall, and Sir Richard Tempest of Bracewell, who were sheltering the King, to betray him, and received £66 and £100 for expenses and reward.
On 22 Jul 1470 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, Henry VI King England and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral. The agreement had been brokered by Louis "Father of the People" XI King France. Edward Lancaster Prince Wales and Anne Neville Queen Consort England were formally betrothed as part of the Agreement.
Re-adeption of Henry VI
On 03 Oct 1470 Henry VI King England was re-adepted VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. Thomas Tresham was released.
Death of Henry VI
On 21 May 1471 Henry VI King England died (possibly murdered) in the Wakefield Tower.Death of Henry VI
The 15th Century commenced with the Epiphany Rising; an attempt to restore Richard II King England to throne. Its failure resulted in Richard II King England death, as well as that of its leaders including Richard II King England half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter.
When Henry V King England succeeded in 1413 he re-started the Hundred Years War. The Battle of Agincourt the English apogee. Thereafter Joan of Arc's one-year campaign re-invigorated the French and saw the gradual decline of English possessions and influence, and its last battle, the Battle of Castillon, in 1453.
When the English stopped fighting the French they started fighting each other.
The Wars of the Roses started around 1450 and ended in 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth (arguably 1487 Battle of Stoke Field), and the subsequent succession to the English Crown of the Tudor Family. The traditional Lancaster vs York more acccurately a first war between the Lancaster and Beaufort fanmilies against the York and Neville families, and a second war between Lancaster and Neville families against York.
The first war of the Wars of the Roses from Jan 1460 to Mar 1461 saw the only remaining member of the House of Lancaster Henry VI King England supported by his legitmised cousins the Beauforts against the House of York supported by the Neville family, in particular, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick and his brother John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu.
After Edward IV King England succeeded in 1461 the York and Neville families started fighting each other. Edward IV King England marriage to Elizabeth Woodville a catastrophe. Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick had been negotiating for Edward IV King England to marry a French Princess. The increasing influence of the Woodville family resulted in a corresponding descrease in the Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick influence. The second war of the Wars of the Roses from Mar 1470 to May 1471 saw Edward IV King England against an unlikely Lancaster-Neville alliance.
When Edward IV King England died in 1483 his youngest brother Richard III King England succeeded. Edward IV King England sons were barred from the succession as a consequence of their being illegitimate as a consequence of Edward IV King England having married previously. It all hinges whether you believe Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells was telling the truth when he told Richard III King England he conducted the earlier marriage. The middle brother George York 1st Duke Clarence son Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick was also barred from the succession as a result of his father's attainer. Richard III King England short reign of two years and two months ended at the Battle of Bosworth where the victorious Henry VII King England and Ireland succeeded to the English throne.
Henry VI King England was buried at Altar
Father: Henry V King England
GrandFather: Henry IV King England
Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster
Great Great GrandFather: Edward III King England
Great Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England
Great GrandMother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster
Great Great GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster
Great Great GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster
GrandMother: Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster
Great GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford
Great Great GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton
Great Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton
Great GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex
Great Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel
Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel
Mother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England
GrandFather: Charles "Beloved
Great GrandFather: Charles V King France
Great Great GrandFather: John "The Good" II King France
Great Great GrandMother: Bonne Luxembourg Queen Consort France
Great GrandMother: Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France
Great Great GrandFather: Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon
Great Great GrandMother: Isabella Valois Duchess Bourbon
GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France
Great GrandFather: Stephen "Magnificient
Great Great GrandFather: Stephen Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria
Great Great GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Duchess Bavaria
Great GrandMother: Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria
Great Great GrandFather: Bernabò Visconti
Great Great GrandMother: Beatrice Scala