Biography of Henry VI King England

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Henry_VI_King_England_II_King_France_1421-1471

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Son of Henry V King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great Grand Son of Charles V King France

Timeline

On 06 Dec 1421 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 was born to Henry V King England 1386-1422 and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On 31 Aug 1422 Henry V King England 1386-1422 died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentry, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 brought the body of Henry V King England 1386-1422 back to England. His only child Henry succeeded as VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster.

On 21 Oct 1422 Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 died at Hôtel Saint-Pol. There two successors to the French throne:
King Henry VI succeeded as II King France: Lancaster.
Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 succeeded as VII King France: Capet Valois. Marie Valois-Anjou Queen Consort France 1404-1463 by marriage Queen Consort France.

In 1426 Robert Wingfield 1403-1454 was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 at Hereford, Herefordshire

In 1426 Edmund Hungerford 1409-1484 was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471

On 19 May 1426 Ralph Longford 1400-1432 was knighted by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471

On 06 Nov 1429 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 was crowned VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 at Westminster Abbey. Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 carried the child King. John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 attended. John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 was knighted.

On 16 Dec 1431 Henry VI was crowned II King France: Lancaster at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. A somewhat futile exercise; the last gasps of the Hundred Years War.Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 was appointed Carver. Thomas Harrington 1400-1460, Hugh Courtenay 12th Earl Devon 1389-1422 and his son Thomas attended.

In 1441 Eleanor Cobham 1400-1452, wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey 1st Duke Gloucester, brother of the deceased Henry V King England 1386-1422, uncle of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471, was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell and Roger Bolingbroke.All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessed to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne, 'the Witch of Eye'.Thomas Southwell died whilst in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.Roger Bolingbroke was hanged, drawn and quartered.Margery Jourdemayne was burned at the stake.Eleanor was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life..

Treaty of Tours

On 28 May 1444 the Treaty of Tours was concluded. The terms included the marriage of Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 and Margaret of Anjou in return for which England ceded the strategically important French County of Maine to France; she brought no dowry. The Treaty was negotiated by William de la Pole Duke of Suffolk. The cessation of Maine subsequently came as something of surprise to Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset who was its Governor. He, Somerset, was offered the Governorship of Normandy instead leading to a further rift between Somerset and Richard Duke of York who had already been offered Normandy. These seeds of the Wars of the Roses were falling on fertile ground.

In Sep 1444 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 was created 1st Duke Buckingham (1C 1444) by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 in reward many years of loyal and continuous service to the Crown. Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham by marriage Duke Buckingham (1C 1444).

On 18 Mar 1445 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 met Margaret of Anjou at Pontoise on his mission to bring her back to Endland for her marriage to Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471.

On 23 Apr 1445 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 were married at Titchfield Abbey, Fareham, Hampshire.

On 05 Jan 1453 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, Thomas Neville 1430-1460, William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-, brothers Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 and Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 and Roger Lewkenor were knighted by King Henry VI at Greenwich, Kent

On Aug 1453 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 suffered a mental breakdown

In Aug 1453 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471Charles VI of France suffered a similar illness; his sobriquet "Mad".

On 13 Oct 1453 Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 was born to Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou at Westminster Palace.When Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 recovered from his catatonic state, he greeted the child as a 'miracle'.There is some speculation as the child's actual father since Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 had been married for eight years before the child was born. Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 was suggested at the time.

On Jan 1455 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 was released by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471

On Jan 1455 Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 recovered

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460, Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 and Walter Strickland 1411-.
The Lancastrians Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455, Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455, William Cotton 1410-1455, Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 were killed. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 was wounded and captured. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471, John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 were captured. Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 both fought.

In 1457 John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 during his re-adeption but lost it again when Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was restored in 1471.

Battle of Ludford Bridge

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge, Ludlow, Shropshire.In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 who was present.The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460, the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483, Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 was present.The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487.

Battle of Northampton

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476, William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463, Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490, Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Northampton. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 was captured. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460, John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 were killed. Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 fought. William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 and William Norreys 1441-1507 were knighted. Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.

Act of Accord (39 Hen VI)

On 25 Oct 1460 Parliament enacted the Act of Accord (39 Hen VI) by which Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 was declared heir to Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 disinheriting Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471[Edward of Westminster at the same Parliament on 31 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 was appointed as Prince Wales, Earl Chester, Duke Cornwall and Lord Protector.

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471.The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461, Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470. Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464, William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483. John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 were killed.
John Grey 1432-1461 was killed fighting for Lancaster.A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483.
After the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 during the battle against all decent laws of battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.

On 13 Jul 1465 James Harrington 1430-1485 assisted with the capture of the fugitive Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 by being the instrument of persuasion that induced Sir Thomas Talbot of Bashall, and Sir Richard Tempest of Bracewell, who were sheltering the King, to betray him, and received £66 and £100 for expenses and reward.

Angers Agreement

On 22 Jul 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker, Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral. The agreement had been brokered by King Louis XI of France. Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 were formally betrothed as part of the Agreement.

On 03 Oct 1470 Henry VI was re-adepted VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 was released.

Death of Henry VI

On 21 May 1471 Henry VI died (possibly murdered) in the Wakefield Tower in the Tower of London. Death of Henry VI

Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 was buried at Altar, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

15th Century

The 15th Century[Events] commenced with the Epiphany Rising; an attempt to restore Richard II to throne. Its failure resulted in Richard's death, as well as that of its leaders including Richard's half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400.
When Henry V King England 1386-1422 succeeded in 1413 he re-started the Hundred Years War. The Battle of Agincourt the English apogee. Thereafter Joan of Arc's one-year campaign re-invigorated the French and saw the gradual decline of English possessions and influence, and its last battle, the Battle of Castillon, in 1453.
When the English stopped fighting the French they started fighting each other.
The Wars of the Roses started around 1450 and ended in 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth (arguably 1487 Battle of Stoke Field), and the subsequent succession to the English Crown of the Tudor Family. The traditional Lancaster vs York more acccurately a first war between the Lancaster and Beaufort fanmilies against the York and Neville families, and a second war between Lancaster and Neville families against York.
The first war of the Wars of the Roses from Jan 1460 to Mar 1461 saw the only remaining member of the House of Lancaster Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 supported by his legitmised cousins the Beauforts against the House of York supported by the Neville family, in particular, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 and his brother John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471.
After Edward IV succeeded in 1461 the York and Neville families started fighting each other. Edward's marriage to Elizabeth Woodville a catastrophe. Kingmaker had been negotiating for Edward to marry a French Princess. The increasing influence of the Woodville family resulted in a corresponding descrease in the Kingmaker's influence. The second war of the Wars of the Roses from Mar 1470 to May 1471 saw Edward IV against an unlikely Lancaster-Neville alliance.
When Edward IV's died in 1483 his youngest brother Richard III King England 1452-1485 succeeded. Edward IV's sons were barred from the succession as a consequence of their being illegitimate as a consequence of Edward IV's having married previously. It all hinges whether you believe Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 was telling the truth when he told Richard III King England 1452-1485 he conducted the earlier marriage. The middle brother George Duke of Clarence's son Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 was also barred from the succession as a result of his father's attainer. Richard's short reign of two years and two months ended at the Battle of Bosworth where the victorious Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 succeeded to the English throne.

Ancestry

Father: Henry V King England

GrandFather: Henry IV King England

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster

Great Great GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster

Great Great GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster

Great Great GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster

GrandMother: Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster

Mother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England