Biography of Henry IV King England

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Maud Saye

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 18 Grand Son of Rhodri ap Mervyn "The Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg

Kings Powys: Great x 15 Grand Son of Brochfael ap Elisedd King Powys

Kings England: Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Timeline

On 15 Apr 1367 Henry IV King England was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster at Bolingbroke Castle

On 23 Apr 1377 Henry IV King England was appointed 62nd Knight Garter: Edward III

On 05 Feb 1381 Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster were married at Arundel Castle

Peasant's Revolt

On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales, Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick, William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury, Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury and Robert Hales at the Tower of London .
On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales, the future Henry IV King England, Joan Holland Duchess York and Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury. Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury was beheaded at Tower Hill..
On 15 Jun 1381 Richard II King England met with Wat Tyler at Smithfield.During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor. Wat Tyler was then killed by John Cavendish .
On 15 Jun 1381 John Cavendish was captured at Church of St Mary during the Peasant's Revolt.

On 09 Aug 1386 Henry V King England was born to Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster at Monmouth Castle

Battle of Radcot Bridge

On 22 Dec 1387 the forces of the Lords Appellant led by the future Henry IV King England defeated the forces of Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland during the Battle of Radcot Bridge at Radcot. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland narrowly escaped.

Before 30 Sep 1388 Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence was born to Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster at City of London

On 20 Jun 1389 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford was born to Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster

On 03 Oct 1390 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester was born to Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster

In 1392 Blanche Lancaster Elector Palatinate was born to Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster at Peterborough Castle

On 04 Jun 1394 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark was born to Henry IV King England and Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster at Peterborough Castle

In 1399 Henry Green was executed by Henry IV King England for having been a councillor of Richard II King England at Bristol Castle

On 03 Feb 1399 Henry IV King England succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster (2C 1362), 7th Earl Leicester (2C 1265). Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster by marriage Duke Lancaster (2C 1362).

Henry IV lands at Ravenspur

On 07 Jul 1399 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York appointed William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire, Henry Green and John Bussy to protect Kent against invasion by Henry IV King England.
After 07 Jul 1399 Henry IV King England landed at Ravenspur with Thomas Rempston

Richard II Abdication

On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England surrendered to Henry IV King England at Flint Castle..

On 01 Sep 1399 Henry IV King England usurped IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 Henry IV King England was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York.
Robert Braybrooke Bishop London carried the sacraments and said mass.
The future Henry V King England carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick and/or John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland carried the Lancaster Sword.
Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham carried a Sword..
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford was appointed as Knight of the Bath. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford, John Arundell and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick were knighted.
Richard Scrope Archbishop York attended.

Epiphany Rising

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England to the throne replacing Henry IV King England.

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House including Thomas Blount, Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester, Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey, John Holland 1st Duke Exeter, Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley, John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury, Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, Bernard Brocas.They plotted to capture Henry IV King England at a Tournament in Windsor on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, and began to raise an army in London..

Battle of Bryn Glas

On 22 Jun 1402 Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys defeated the army of Edmund Mortimer at Knighton, who was captured, at the Battle of Bryn Glas.
Henry IV King England made no attempt to ransom Edmund Mortimer and, as a consequence, Edmund Mortimer changed his allegiance, and subsequently married Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys daughter.
On 25 Jun 1402 Walter Devereux died at Bodenham from wounds received during the Battle of Bryn Glas

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy lay in wait for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland at Homildon Hill.The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh fought for the English. John Swinton was killed. Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney were captured.
Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine was wounded. Henry IV King England forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh.By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys.

On 07 Feb 1403 Henry IV King England and Joan Évreux Queen Consort England were married at Winchester. Joan Évreux Queen Consort England was crowned Queen Consort England

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England, with his son the future Henry V King England, defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield. Henry V King England took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick fought for the King. Walter Blount, the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine. Edmund Cockayne and Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford were killed. Hugh Shirley was killed ; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England.
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy, Madog Kynaston and John Clifton were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon was hanged.

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England died at Jerusalem Chamber (confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem).His sons Henry V King England and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester were present .

After 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England was buried at Chancel

Ancestry

Father: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster

GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Edward II King England

Great Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England

Great Great GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France

Great Great GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre

GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault

Great Great GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault

Great Great GrandMother: Philippa Luxembourg Count Hainault

Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland

Great Great GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois

Great Great GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois

Mother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster

GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster

Great GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester

Great Great GrandFather: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester

Great Great GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre

Great GrandMother: Maud Chaworth

Great Great GrandFather: Patrick Chaworth

Great Great GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer

GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster

Great GrandFather: Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan

Great Great GrandFather: Louis Brienne Viscount Beaumont

Great Great GrandMother: Agnes

Great GrandMother: Alice Comyn Baroness Beaumont

Great Great GrandFather: Alexander Comyn

Great Great GrandMother: Joanna Latimer