Biography of Henry III King England

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Henry_III_King_England_1207-1272

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

John "Lackland" I King England

William "Conqueror" I King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 11 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Son of John "Lackland" I King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 3 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 12 Grand Son of Charles "Charlemagne aka Great" King Franks

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France

Timeline

On 01 Oct 1207 Henry III King England 1207-1272 was born to John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 and Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England 1188-1246 at Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire

On 19 Oct 1216 Henry III King England 1207-1272 succeeded III King England: Plantagenet Angevin

Gloucester Coronation of Henry III

On 28 Oct 1216 Henry III King England 1207-1272 was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire during the Gloucester Coronation of Henry III at which Cardinal Guala Bicchieri 1150-1227 presided, Sylvester Unknown Bishop Worcester -1218 and Simon Apulia Bishop Exeter -1223 anointed the King.The coronation took place in Gloucester since London was at the time held by rebels. John Monmouth 1182-1248 was present.

Westminster Coronation of Henry III

On 17 May 1220 Henry III King England 1207-1272 was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Westminster Coronation of Henry III since the Pope didn't consider the earlier Gloucester Coronation of Henry III to have been performed correctly. Stephen Langton Archbishop Canterbury presided.

In 1232 Ednyfed "Fychan aka Younger" Tudor 1170-1246 represented Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw 1172-1240 at a meeting with Henry III King England 1207-1272

On 14 Jan 1236 Henry III King England 1207-1272 and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 were married at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent by Edmund Rich Archbishop Canterbury 1174-1240.

On 17 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 29 Sep 1240 Margaret Plantagenet 1240-1275 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On 24 Jun 1242 Beatrice Plantagenet 1242-1275 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 at Bordeaux

Battle of Taillebourg

On 21 Jul 1242 the forces of Henry III King England 1207-1272 and Hugh Lusignan XI Count Lusignan, VI Count La Marche, II Count Angouleme 1221-1250 fought against the forces of at Louis IX King France 1214-1270 and his brother Alphonse Capet Count Poitou, II Count Toulose 1220-1271 at Taillebourg during the Battle of Taillebourg.The battle was a decisive victory for the French.Henry thereafter signed a five-year truce with the French.

On 16 Jan 1245 Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 at City of London

In 1252 Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 was pardoned by Henry III King England 1207-1272

On 25 Nov 1253 Katherine Plantagenet 1253-1257 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

Battle of Lewes

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295, Henry Hastings 1235-1269 and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 defeated the army of Henry III King England 1207-1272 during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes, East Sussex, Sussex. Henry III King England 1207-1272, his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307, Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275, Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272, John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch 1220-1275, Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304, John Balliol 1207-1268, Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale 1215-1295, Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 fought for the King.Guy Lusignan -1264 was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin 1220-1264 drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester 1191-1266 was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to Henry III King England 1207-1272, led by his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307, supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295, Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 defeated the rebel army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265

Dictum of Kenilworth

On 31 Oct 1266 the Dictum of Kenilworth was issued.The Dictum was a peace agreement between Henry III King England 1207-1272 and the rebels who were besieged in the impregnable Kenilworth Castle, Kenilworth, Warwickshire. The committee included:
Walter Branscombe Bishop Exeter 1220-1280
Walter Giffard Archbishop York 1225-1279
Nicholas Ely Bishop Worcester, Bishop Winchester -1280
Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314
Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275
Philip Basset 1184-1271
John Balliol 1207-1268
Robert Walerand
Alan Zouche 1203-1270
Roger Somery 2nd Baron Dudley 1190-1273, and
Warin Bassingbourne
Robert Ferrers 6th Earl Derby 1239-1279 and Henry Hastings 1235-1269 were fined seven times their annual income. The Dictum, however, required the rebels to pay their fines before being restored to their lands; something of a Catch-22 since if they weren't restored to their lands, they would have no income to pay the fine.

On 16 Nov 1272 Henry III King England 1207-1272 died at Westminster.

Ancestry

Father: John "Lackland" I King England

GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

Great Great GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem

Great Great GrandMother: Ermengarde La

Great GrandMother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy

Great Great GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great Great GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England

GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks

Mother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England