Biography of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Henry_Curtmantle_II_King_England_1133-1189

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

William "Conqueror" I King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 9 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Grand Son of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Kings Scotland: Great Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Son of Charles "Charlemagne aka Great" King Franks

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Robert "Pious" II King France

Timeline

On 05 Mar 1133 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was born to Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 and Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 at Le Mans

Around 1152 Geoffrey Plantagenet Archbishop York 1152-1212 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Ykenai Unknown

On 18 May 1152 Whit Sunday Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 were married at Poitiers Cathedral, Poitiers.They were more closely related than Eleanor and her previous husband Louis.The marriage brought the Kingdom of England, the Duchies of Normandy and Aquitaine under the control of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 ; once conquered.

Around 05 Jun 1152 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 visited Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon where she met Matilda Anjou Abbess Fontevraud 1111-1154 (her husband's Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 's aunt by marriage - Matilda Anjou Abbess Fontevraud 1111-1154 had married William Adelin Normandy Duke Normandy 1103-1120 brother of his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 who had died in the White Ship Disaster).

Before Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 visited his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 in Rouen to seek funds for his impending invasion of England.

In Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 sailed from Barfleur, Basse Normandie to England, arriving the next day, with a fleet of twenty-six ships, and an army, to bring Stephen I King England 1094-1154 submit to Henry's authority.

In Jul 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 arrived at Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire to relieve the siege that Stephen I King England 1094-1154 had commenced in 1152.

Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster

Around Aug 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Stephen I King England 1094-1154 agreed the Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster by which Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 would inherit the throne on the death of Stephen I King England 1094-1154.The Treaty was ratified by Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 at Westminster in Christmas 1153.

On 17 Aug 1153 William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 at Poitiers

Around Mar 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 returned to Rouen and met with his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167, and his brothers. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 joined them to celebrate Easter with their first son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 who met his father for the first time aged around eight months.

On 25 Oct 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 07 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189, the seven months pregnant Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 and their son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 left Barfleur, Basse Normandie for England.

On 08 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and his party landed near Southampton, Hampshire.

On 19 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 was crowned Queen Consort England. Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 presided.

On 28 Feb 1155 Henry the Young King 1155-1183 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 at Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey

In Jul 1155 Roger Fitzmiles 2nd Earl Hereford 1124-1155 and Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 were in Bridgnorth, Shropshire.

In Aug 1155 Roger Fitzmiles 2nd Earl Hereford 1124-1155 and Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 were in Salisbury, Wiltshire.

In 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 besieged Chinon Castle, Chinon

On 06 Jan 1156 Matilda Plantagenet Duchess Saxony 1156-1189 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire (probably) and named after her paternal grandmother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167.

On 10 Jan 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 crossed from Dover, Kent to Wissant. Richard "The Loyal" Lucy 1089-1179 was appointed Regent in Henry's absence. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 was placed in the care of Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 and John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres 1118-1180.Her party included her sister Petronilla Poitiers 1125-1193

On 05 Feb 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 paid homage to Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 for his lands in Normandy, Anjou and Aquitaine.

Before 29 Aug 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 were reunited in Saumur.

In Dec 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 held Christmas in Bordeaux.

Around 30 May 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 spent Whitsun at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk for a ceremonial crown wearing.

On 08 Sep 1157 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire

In Dec 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 held Christmas Court at Lincoln, Lincolnshire.

In Dec 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 held Christmas Court at Cherbourg.

On 23 Sep 1158 Geoffrey Plantagenet 2nd Duke Brittany 1158-1186 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204

In Oct 1161 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 met at Fréteval and made peace.

On 13 Oct 1161 Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 at Domfront Castle, Domfront named Eleanor after her mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204.She was baptised by Cardinal Henry of Pisa with Robert of Torigni as godfather.

Constitutions of Clarendon

On 25 Jan 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 attempted to constrain ecclesiastical privileges by the sixteen articles of the Constitutions of Clarendon. Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 rejected the articles.

In Oct 1164 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 was put on trial in Northampton, Northamptonshire by Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 on a charge of contempt.After a week of discussion Becket fled to Flanders with John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres 1118-1180.

In Dec 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 held Christmas Court at Marlborough, Wiltshire.

In 26 Dec 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 banished all of Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 's relatives from England.Around 400 people were affected.They were stripped of their possessions and shipped to Flanders.

Around Aug 1165 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 commenced his affair with Rosamund Clifford 1136-1176 who he may have first met when staying at her father Walter Clifford's house in Bredelais, Herefordshire (assumed to be in Herefordshire).

On Oct 1165 Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Sicily 1165-1199 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204 at Chateau de Angers, Angers

On 16 Mar 1166 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 travelled from St Andrew's Church, Owlesbury, Hampshire to Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie.

On 24 Dec 1166 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks, Queen Consort England 1122-1204

In Jan 1169 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 and Alys Capet Count Ponthieu 1160-1220 were engaged to be married as part of a peace treaty. Alys Capet Count Ponthieu 1160-1220 was sent to England to be a ward of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

On 29 Dec 1170 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 was murdered at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent by four knights on behalf of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

Treaty of Falaise

In Dec 1174 William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214, imprisoned at Falaise Castle, Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie, signed the Treaty of Falaise by which he agreed Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was overlord of Scotland.

Around 1176 William "Longsword" Longespée 3rd Earl Salisbury 1176-1226 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Ida Tosny Countess Norfolk 1156-1226

In 1177 Cardinal Peter of Saint Chrysogonus, on behalf of the Pope, threatened to place England's continental possessions under an interdict if Henry did not proceed with the marriage. Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 was somewhat reluctant given the rumours that Alys Capet Count Ponthieu 1160-1220 had become the mistress of his father Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and, possibly, had a child by him.

On 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 died at Chinon Castle, Chinon. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale -1189 was present.

After 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was buried at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was created as Duke Normandy

Ancestry

Father: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem

GrandMother: Ermengarde La

Mother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy

GrandFather: Henry "Beauclearc" I King England

Great GrandFather: William "Conqueror" I King England

Great Great GrandFather: Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy

Great Great GrandMother: Herleva Unknown

Great GrandMother: Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England

GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England