Biography of George York 1st Duke Clarence

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Anjou aka Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Timeline

On 21 Oct 1449 George York 1st Duke Clarence was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York at Dublin Castle, Dublin, County Dublin

In 1461 George York 1st Duke Clarence was appointed 185th Knight Garter: Edward IV

In 1461 George York 1st Duke Clarence was created 1st Duke Clarence (3C 1461)

Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot (possibly)

Around Jun 1461 , the record is very vague, Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Eleanor Talbot were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells.The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells provided the information to the future Richard III King England in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV King England children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England were, therefore, illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George York 1st Duke Clarence children were barred from the throne as a consequence of their father's attainder.

Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville

On 11 Jul 1469 George York 1st Duke Clarence and Isabel Neville were married by George Neville Archbishop York at the Église Notre-Dame de Calais in Calais witnessed by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick. Isabel Neville by marriage 1st Duke Clarence (3C 1461).

Capture of Edward IV

After 26 Jul 1469 Edward IV King England was captured by his brother George York 1st Duke Clarence at Olney after the Battle of Edgecote Moor.

Around 14 Apr 1470 Anne York was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence and Isabel Neville

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV King England commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George York 1st Duke Clarence and Richard III King England, John Babington, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (commanded), Ralph Hastings, William Norreys, William Parr, John Savage, Thomas St Leger, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh and Thomas Strickland.
The Yorkists William Blount, Humphrey Bourchier, Humphrey Bourchier and Thomas Parr were killed.
The Lancastrians Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele and William Tyrrell were killed. Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford and John Paston were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford commanded, and John Paston and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont fought.

In 1472 George York 1st Duke Clarence was created 1st Earl Salisbury (3C 1472)

On 14 Aug 1473 Margaret York 8th Countess Salisbury was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence and Isabel Neville at Farleigh Hungerford Castle

Anne Neville declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV King England two younger brothers George York 1st Duke Clarence and the Richard III King England, who had married Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick daughters, Isabel Neville and Anne Neville Queen Consort England respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.!Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu, younger brother of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet.He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford, died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England and before Richard III King England acceded to the throne.Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male.Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier.

On 06 Jun 1474 at Westminster.Exemplification at the request of Richard Duke of Gloucester REF(PE$CC$14860), of the tenour of an act (English) in the Parliament summoned at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV, and continued to 9 May, 14 Edward IV, ordaining that George York 1st Duke Clarence, and Isabel his wife REF(PE0$CC$9445) and Richard Duke of Gloucester REF(PE$CC$14860), and Anne his wife REF(PE0$CC$9446), daughters and heirs to Richard Nevyle REF(PE0$CC$9444), late Earl of Warwick, and daughters and heirs apparent to Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick, his wife should possess and enjoy as in the right of the said wives all possessions beloning to the said Countess as though she were naturally dead and that she should be barred and excluded therefrom, that they should make partition of the premises and the same partition should be good in law, that the said Dukes should enjoy for life all the possessions of their wives if they should outlive the latter, that the said George REF(PE$CC$14855) and Isabel REF(PE0$CC$9445) should not make any alienation, grant, fine or recovery of any of the premises to the hurt of the said Richard REF(PE$CC$14860) and Anne REF(PE0$CC$9446) or the latter to the hurt of the former, that if the said Richard REF(PE$CC$14860) and Anne REF(PE0$CC$9446) } be divorced and afterwards married this Act should hold good, that if they be divorced and he do his effectual diligence to be married to her and during her life be not wedded to any other woman he should enjoy as much of the premises as should appertain to her during his life, and that notwithstanding the restraint of alienation or recovery above specified the lordship, manor and wappentake of Chesterfield and Scarvesdale with the appurtenances and all the lands and tenements in Chesterfield and Scarvesdale sometime of Ales REF(PE0$CC$9049), late Countess of Salisbury, might be given to the King and his heirs in exchange for other lands and tenements, which shall however be subject of this Act.

On 25 Feb 1475 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence and Isabel Neville at Warwick Castle

Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, his father Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales and and his younger brother Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England, George York 1st Duke Clarence, Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers .

On 06 Oct 1476 Richard York was born to George York 1st Duke Clarence and Isabel Neville at Tewkesbury Abbey

Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville died in childbirth. George York 1st Duke Clarence believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho.
On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho was arrested at Keyford and taken to Bath.
On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho taken to Cirencester.
On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho was hanged at Myton Gallows. John Thursby was executed at Myton Gallows.
In 1478 Ankarette Twynyho was pardoned by Edward IV King England.

In 1478 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells was imprisoned as a result of an unknown association with George York 1st Duke Clarence but speculated to be about Edward IV King England 's pre-contract with Eleanor Butler.

After 1478. George York 1st Duke Clarence and Isabel Neville were originally buried in the vault.

Execution of George Duke of Clarence

On 18 Feb 1478 Edward's brother George York 1st Duke Clarence was executed; drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine (allegedly) in the Bowyer Tower. William Hussey conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason.

15th Century

The 15th Century commenced with the Epiphany Rising; an attempt to restore Richard II King England to throne. Its failure resulted in Richard II King England death, as well as that of its leaders including Richard II King England half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter.
When Henry V King England succeeded in 1413 he re-started the Hundred Years War. The Battle of Agincourt the English apogee. Thereafter Joan of Arc's one-year campaign re-invigorated the French and saw the gradual decline of English possessions and influence, and its last battle, the Battle of Castillon, in 1453.
When the English stopped fighting the French they started fighting each other.
The Wars of the Roses started around 1450 and ended in 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth (arguably 1487 Battle of Stoke Field), and the subsequent succession to the English Crown of the Tudor Family. The traditional Lancaster vs York more acccurately a first war between the Lancaster and Beaufort fanmilies against the York and Neville families, and a second war between Lancaster and Neville families against York.
The first war of the Wars of the Roses from Jan 1460 to Mar 1461 saw the only remaining member of the House of Lancaster Henry VI King England supported by his legitmised cousins the Beauforts against the House of York supported by the Neville family, in particular, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick and his brother John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu.
After Edward IV King England succeeded in 1461 the York and Neville families started fighting each other. Edward IV King England marriage to Elizabeth Woodville a catastrophe. Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick had been negotiating for Edward IV King England to marry a French Princess. The increasing influence of the Woodville family resulted in a corresponding descrease in the Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick influence. The second war of the Wars of the Roses from Mar 1470 to May 1471 saw Edward IV King England against an unlikely Lancaster-Neville alliance.
When Edward IV King England died in 1483 his youngest brother Richard III King England succeeded. Edward IV King England sons were barred from the succession as a consequence of their being illegitimate as a consequence of Edward IV King England having married previously. It all hinges whether you believe Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells was telling the truth when he told Richard III King England he conducted the earlier marriage. The middle brother George York 1st Duke Clarence son Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick was also barred from the succession as a result of his father's attainer. Richard III King England short reign of two years and two months ended at the Battle of Bosworth where the victorious Henry VII King England and Ireland succeeded to the English throne.

Ancestry

Father: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales

GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge

Great GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York

Great Great GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York

Great Great GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile

Great Great GrandMother: Maria Padilla

GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge

Great GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March

Great Great GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March

Great Great GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March

Great Great GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent

Great Great GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent

Mother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland

Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby

Great Great GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby

Great Great GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke

Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby

Great Great GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy

Great Great GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster

Great Great GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster

Great Great GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet