Biography of Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Edward_York_1st_Duke_Albemarle_aka_Aumale_2nd_Duke_York_1373-1415

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 16 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Timeline

Around 1373 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was born to Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 and Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 at King's Langley, Hertfordshire

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster by Simon Sudbury Archbishop Canterbury 1316-1381.
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 carried the Crown. Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 were knighted. Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 attended. John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).

In 1381 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 and Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 were married

On May 1387 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was appointed 76th Knight Garter: Richard II

On 25 Feb 1390 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was created 1st Earl Rutland (1C 1390). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 by marriage Earl Rutland (1C 1390)

In 1394 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was created 1st Earl Cork. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 by marriage Earl Cork

On 29 Sep 1397 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 by marriage Earl Rutland (1C 1390)

Before 07 Oct 1398 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 and Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York -1431 were married. Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York -1431 by marriage Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397)

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … "Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 two thousand marks and to our beloved brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 two thousand marks...we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400.

..Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop Chichester, Bishop Salisbury -1407, Edmund Stafford Bishop Exeter 1344-1419, Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop Llandaff, Bishop Worcester -1401, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop St David's -1407 ; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400, our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Boteville Bishop Bath and Wells, Bishop Worcester, Bishop London -1421 Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors...

Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop Canterbury -1406 and Richard Scrope Archbishop York 1350-1405, William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 our cousin."

Epiphany Rising

On 17 Dec 1399 the conspirators met at Abbey House, Westminster Abbey, Westminster including Thomas Blount 1352-1400, Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400, Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400, John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400, Ralph Lumley 1st Baron Lumley 1360-1400, John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400, Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, Bernard Brocas 1354-1400.They plotted to capture Henry IV King England 1367-1413 at a Tournament in Windsor, Berkshire on the Feast of Epiphany hence the Epiphany Rising.

Before 07 Jan 1400 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 was forewarned, probably by Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, and began to raise an army in London..

On 01 Aug 1402 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 succeeded 2nd Duke York (1C 1385), 2nd Earl Cambridge (2C 1362). Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York -1431 by marriage Duke York (1C 1385).

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England 1386-1422 commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 commanded the Rearguard.
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415, commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. John Fortescue 1380-1415, Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415, Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 and Edward Burnell -1415, were killed.
The English included: Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439, William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462, William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420, John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443, Edward Courtenay 1385-1418, Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456, Thomas Dutton 1396-1431, Edmund Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435, Roger Fiennes 1384-1449, Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425, John Grey 1387-1439, John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421, William Harrington 1373-1440 as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449, Piers Legh 1389-1422 (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428, Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal, 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435, John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420, Robert Strelley 1397-1430, James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459, Robert Umfraville 1363-1437, Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1391-1416, Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1391-1458 was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 carried the Banner of St George.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445, Walter Sais, Roger Vaughan and his son Roger Vaughan -1471. Owen Tudor 1400-1461 is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415, Robert Bar Count Soissons, Count Marle 1390-1415, Edward Bar III Duke Bar 1377-1415, Anthony Valois-Burgundy Duke Brabant 1384-1415, Philip Valois-Burgundy II Count Nevers 1389-1415, John Valois-Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415, John Bar 1380-1415, Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415, Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415, David Rambures 1364-1415 and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415 and Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxembourg 1355-1415 were killed. Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465, John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 were captured.

After 25 Oct 1415 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was buried at St Mary and All Saints, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father Richard of York and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483, George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478, Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 .

Ancestry

Father: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York

GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great GrandFather: Edward II King England

Great Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England

GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

Mother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York