Biography of Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Edward_Longshanks_I_King_England_1239-1307

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

John "Lackland" I King England

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 12 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Son of Henry III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 4 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 13 Grand Son of Charles "Charlemagne aka Great" King Franks

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France

Timeline

On 17 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was born to Henry III King England 1207-1272 and Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 22 Jun 1239 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was christened at Westminster Abbey, Westminster.Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 as godfather.He was named after Edward "Confessor" King England 1003-1066

On 01 Nov 1254 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 were married at Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas .

Battle of Northampton

On 06 Apr 1264 the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307, Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 and Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 fought for the King at Northampton Castle, Northampton, Northamptonshire during the Battle of Northampton.Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 fought for the rebels with his son Simon "Younger" Montfort 1240-1271 who was captured.

Battle of Lewes

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295, Henry Hastings 1235-1269 and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 defeated the army of Henry III King England 1207-1272 during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes, East Sussex, Sussex. Henry III King England 1207-1272, his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307, Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275, Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272, John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch 1220-1275, Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304, John Balliol 1207-1268, Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale 1215-1295, Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 fought for the King.Guy Lusignan -1264 was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin 1220-1264 drowned. Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester 1191-1266 was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

On 28 May 1264 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 escaped at Hereford, Herefordshire

On 28 May 1265 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307, with the help of Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 escaped from Kenilworth Castle, Kenilworth, Warwickshire .

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to Henry III King England 1207-1272, led by his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307, supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295, Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 defeated the rebel army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265

On 18 Jun 1269 Eleanor Plantagenet 1269- was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On Apr 1272 Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford 1272-1307 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 at Acre

On 16 Nov 1272 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 succeeded I King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 24 Nov 1273 Alfonso Plantagenet 1273-1284 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290

On 19 Aug 1274 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 was crowned as Queen Consort England .

On 15 Mar 1275 Margaret Plantagenet Duchess Brabant 1275-1333 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

Treaty of Aberconwy

In 1277 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 signed the Treaty of Aberconwy by which Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 agreed that Welsh self-rule would end with the death of Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282.As part of the Treaty Owain "The Red" Aberffraw 1232-1282 was released from Dolbadarn Castle, Dolbadarn, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales.

On 11 Mar 1279 Mary Plantagenet 1279-1332 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

On 07 Aug 1282 Elizabeth Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Count Holland 1282-1316 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 at Rhuddlan Castle, Rhuddlan, Denbighshire, North-East Wales

On 25 Apr 1284 Edward II King England 1284-1327 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 at Caernarfon Castle, Caernarfon, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales

Battle of Falkirk

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat.The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315
Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325
Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340
John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305
Philip Darcy 1258-1333
Robert Fitzroger
Roger Fitzwalter
Simon Fraser -1306
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300, and
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311.
William Scrope 1245-1312 was knighted.
John Stewart -1298 was killed.
William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 fought.

On 08 Sep 1299 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Margaret Capet Count Blois 1279-1318 were married

On 01 Jun 1300 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Margaret Capet Count Blois 1279-1318 at Brotherton, Yorkshire

On 05 Aug 1301 Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Margaret Capet Count Blois 1279-1318 at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

On 10 Feb 1305 John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch 1269-1305 was murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 before the High Altar at Greyfriars Monastery Chapel, Greyfriars Monastery, Dumfries. Robert Comyn -1305, John's uncle, was killed by Christopher Seton 1278-1306.Christopher's brother John Seton 1278-1306 was also preset.
Murder, in a church, in front of the altar, regarded as a terrible crime.The act gave Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 just cause to invade Scotland.

On 26 Feb 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 exiled by Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 for being Edward II King England 1284-1327 's favourite

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 died at Burgh by Sands, Cumberland whilst on his way north to Scotland. Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 didn't return from exile..

After 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 was buried at Westminster Abbey, Westminster

In 1339 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 visited Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 at Ch√Ęteau Gaillard

Ancestry

Father: Henry III King England

GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England

Great GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great Great GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy

Great Great GrandMother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy

Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks

GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

Mother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England