Biography of Edward IV King England

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Edward_IV_King_England_1442-1483

Maternal Family Tree: /Low Countries/Families/Katherine_Roet_Duchess_Lancaster_1350-1403[MFT].html#Edward_IV_King_England_1442-1483

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward III King England

Edward IV King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Timeline

On 28 Apr 1442 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460 and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 at Rouen

On Jun 1449 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 travelled to at Ireland

In 1457 John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal by Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 during his re-adeption but lost it again when Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was restored in 1471.

Battle of Ludford Bridge

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge, Ludlow, Shropshire.In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 who was present.The Yorkist leaders left overnight: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460, the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483, Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and John Dinham 1st Baron Dinham 1433-1501. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 was present.The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487.

Around Nov 1459 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 fled to at Calais

On Dec 1459 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was attainted

Battle of Wakefield

On 11 Jun 1460 Parliament enacted attainders against the Yorkist supporters who fought, some of whom were killed, at the Battle of Wakefield including: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales 1411-1460, Edward IV King England 1442-1483, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471.

On 26 Jun 1460 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 landed at Sandwich, Kent

Battle of Northampton

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476, William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463, Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490, Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Northampton. Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 was captured. Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460, John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460, Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 and John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 were killed. Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 fought. William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 and William Norreys 1441-1507 were knighted. Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.

On 30 Dec 1460 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 succeeded 4th Duke York (1C 1385), 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge (3C 1414)

Battle of Mortimer's Cross

On 02 Feb 1461 at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross at Wigmore, Herefordshire the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 commanded the Yorkist forces including William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, John Savage 1444-1544 and Roger Vaughan 1410-1471.In the Lancastrian army Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (captured by Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 ) and his son Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 fought as well as James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461. Gruffydd ap Nicholas Deheubarth 1393-1461 was killed.
Following the battle Owen Tudor 1400-1461 was beheaded in the Market Place, Hereford, Herefordshire.He was buried thereafter in Greyfriars Church, Hereford, Herefordshire in a tomb paid for by his son David Owen 1459-1535

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471.The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461, Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470. Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464, William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471, William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483. John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 were killed.
John Grey 1432-1461 was killed fighting for Lancaster.A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483.
After the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 were beheaded after having protected Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 during the battle against all decent laws of battle. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 reneged on their immunity and tried them in front of her seven year old son Prince Edward who ordered them to be beheaded.

Around Mar 1461 Thomas Billing -1481 was knighted on the accession of Edward IV King England 1442-1483.

On 04 Mar 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 declared himself King of England. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 was present.

On 04 Mar 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 usurped IV King England: Plantagenet York

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for York bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses.Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461, Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475, William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474, Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483, John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471.
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461, Richard Percy 1426-1461, Ralph Bigod 1410-1461_0000020461, Ralph Bigod 1410-1461, John Bigod -1461, Robert Cromwell 1390-1461, Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461, Ralph Eure 1412-1461, John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461, Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461, John Beaumont 1428-1461, Thomas Dethick 1400-1461, Everard Simon Digby -1461, William Plumpton -1461 and William Welles 1410-1461 who were killed.
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464, John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487, William Norreys 1441-1507, Thomas Grey -1461, Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464, John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473, Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470, Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469, James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461, John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1448-1476, William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471. Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 was captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 was beheaded at York, Yorkshire.

Around Jun 1461 , the record is very vague, Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 were possibly secretly married by Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491.The marriage came to light after Edward's death. Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 provided the information to the future Richard III King England 1452-1485 in 1483; Richard used the information to justify his succeeding to be King since Edward IV's children with Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 were, therefore, illegitimate as a result of their marriage being bigamous and George Duke of Clarence's children were barred from the throne as a consequence of their father's attainder.

Coronation of Edward IV

On 28 Jun 1461 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was crowned IV King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 who was assisted by William Booth Archbishop York at Westminster Abbey, Westminster during the Coronation of Edward IV

On 26 Jul 1461 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 was created 1st Baron Hastings (2C 1430) for supporting Edward IV King England 1442-1483 in his claim to the throne.

On 26 Jul 1461 Robert Ogle 1st Baron Ogle 1406-1469 was created 1st Baron Ogle by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 for having been the principal Northumbrian gentleman to support the Yorkist cause.

Before 20 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462, his son Aubrey Vere -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 were arrested for treason against King Edward IV.They were subsequently tried by John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470.
On 20 Feb 1462 Aubrey Vere -1462 was executed at Tower Hill.
On 23 Feb 1462 William Tyrrell 1408-1462, John Montgomery -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 were beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 26 Feb 1462 John Vere 12th Earl Oxford 1408-1462 hanged at Tower Hill.

On 21 Aug 1463 Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 arrived at Dover, Kent with Edward IV King England 1442-1483.

In 1464 Henry Pierrepoint -1463 rewarded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 for his good and laudable services at his great cost and charges, and with manifold bodily dangers against the king's rebels levying war against him.

Around 1464 Elizabeth York 1464- was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Waite

Around May 1464 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 were married at Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire. Jacquetta Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472, Elizabeth's mother, being the only witness.

On Sep 1464 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 announced his recent marriage at Privy Council to the astonishment of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 who had until recently been actively seeking a French Princess as Edward's future wife.

On 26 May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 was crowned as Queen Consort England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 at Westminster Abbey, Westminster. Edward IV King England 1442-1483 attended. John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 and Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 were appointed Knight of the Bath..

On 11 Feb 1466 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

In 1467 John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494 sent by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 on a diplomatic mission to Charles "Bold" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1433-1477 at Bruges

On 13 May 1467 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 was created 1st Earl Lincoln (6C 1467) by Edward IV King England 1442-1483, his uncle. Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln by marriage Earl Lincoln (6C 1467).

On 11 Aug 1467 Mary York 1467-1482 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

Before 03 Jul 1468 Charles "Bold" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1433-1477 and Margaret of Burgundy 1446-1503 were married at Bruges. John Paston 1444-1504 travelled with Margaret.The marriage re-enforced Edward's connection with the Low Countries.After Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 rebelled against Edward IV King England 1442-1483 escaped to the Low Countries.

On 17 Jan 1469 Thomas Hungerford -1469 and Henry Courtenay -1469 were beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 for having supported Warwick The Kingmaker's Rebellion.

On 20 Mar 1469 Cecily York Viscountess Welles 1469-1507 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

After 26 Jul 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was captured by his brother George at Olney, Buckinghamshire after the Battle of Edgecote Moor.

Around 05 Aug 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was imprisoned at Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire

Around 15 Aug 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was imprisoned at Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire

On 10 Sep 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was released by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 afer Warwick realised he didn't have sufficient support for an alternative regime.

On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville of Brancepeth and Charles Neville of Brancepeth were beheaded at York, Yorkshire in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471bringing to and end the Neville-Neville fued that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited.

Around Oct 1469 Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 rescued Edward IV King England 1442-1483 from Middleham Castle, Middleham, Yorkshire

Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham)

On 12 Mar 1470 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 fought at Empingham, Rutlandshire during the Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham). Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby -1470 was captured.

On 01 May 1470 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 fled at Flanders

In Sep 1470 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 fled from King's Lynn, Norfolk to the court of Charles the Bold who was married to his sister Margaret two years earlier.

On 02 Nov 1470 the future Edward V was born to Edward VI and Elizabeth Woodville in Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey, Westminster.His father was abroad in Flanders.His Godparents included the Abbot and Prior of Westminster, and Elizabeth St John Baroness Scrope Bolton, Baroness Zouche Harringworth -1494.

On 14 Mar 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 landed at Ravenspur, East Riding, Yorkshire with William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483.

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George and Richard, John Babington 1423-1485, Wiliam Hastings (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507, William Parr 1434-1483, John Savage 1422-1495, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 and Thomas Strickland -1494.
The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker, John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed. Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 and John Paston 1444-1504 were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 fought.

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
His brother Richard, Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503, John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485, George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492, John Savage 1422-1495, John Savage 1444-1544, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490, Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 fought. William Brandon 1425-1491, George Browne 1440-1483, Ralph Hastings -1495, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503, James Tyrrell 1455-1502, Roger Kynaston 1433-1495 were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 commanded.
Margaret of Anjou was captured.Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 was killed.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471, John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 and John Beaufort 1441-1471 were killed. Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 were beheaded after the battle.
On 06 May 1471 Gervase Clifton 1405-1471 was beheaded at Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire after the Battle of Tewkesbury.

On 09 May 1471 George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 was knighted by Edward IV King England 1442-1483

On 10 Apr 1472 Margaret York 1472-1472 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492

On 17 Aug 1473 Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

In 1474 Parliament declared Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's two younger brothers George and the Richard, who had married Anne Beauchamp's daughters, Isabel and Anne respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.!Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet.He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483, died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 acceded to the throne.Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male.Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486.

Treaty of Picquigny

On 29 Aug 1475 Edward IV signed the Treaty of Picquigny; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possible, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France. Cardinal Bourchier arbitrated on behalf of Edward. William Hastings received a pension of 2000 crowns per year, John Howard and Thomas Montgomery 1200 each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1000, Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 600. !Edward's youngest brother Richard opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney 1442-1499 was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England 1442-1483 returned to England.

In Sep 1475 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 drowned on his return from France having probably been thrown over-board on the orders of Edward IV King England 1442-1483.

On 02 Nov 1475 Anne York 1475-1511 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father Richard of York and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483, George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478, Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483, Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 .

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville 1451-1476 died in childbirth. George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho -1477.
On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was arrested at Keyford, Somerset and taken to Bath, Somerset.
On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 taken to Cirencester, Gloucestershire.
On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was hanged at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire. John Thursby -1477 was executed at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire.
In 1478 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was pardoned by Edward IV King England 1442-1483.

On Mar 1477 George York 1st Duke Bedford 1477-1479 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

In 1478 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 was imprisoned as a result of an unknown association with George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 but speculated to be about Edward IV King England 1442-1483 's pre-contract with Eleanor Butler.

On 14 Aug 1479 Catherine York 1479-1527 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492

On 10 Nov 1480 Bridget York 1480-1517 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 at Eltham Palace, Eltham, Greenwich, Kent

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-, who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

On 25 Mar 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 returned to Westminster from Windsor, Berkshire.A few days later he became sufficiently unwell to add codicils to his will, and to have urged reconciliation between William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 ; it isn't clear what the cause of the friction between the two men was although it appears well known that Hastings resented the Woodville family.

On 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 died at Westminster.Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492, William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501.

After 09 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 lay in state at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster

On 10 Apr 1483, in the morning, the coffin of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was moved to St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster. Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503 sang the masses. Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483, Chamberlain to Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492, offered on the Queen's behalf.

On 17 Apr 1483, the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524, John Savage 1444-1544, Thomas Wortley 1433-1514, Thomas Molyneux 1445-1483, probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499, Walter Hungerford 1464-1516, Guy Wolston 1433-1490, John Sapcote 1448-1501, Thomas Tyrrell 1453-1512, John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525, John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314.
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger 1440-1483, widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr 1434-1483
John Astley 1373-1488
William Stonor 1450-1494
Henry Ferrers 1443-1500
James Radclyffe 1440-1484
George Browne 1440-1483
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London 1382-1489
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491
Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle -1496
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich -1499
William Dudley Bishop Durham 1425-1483
John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Audley Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury -1524 (as Bishop Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester -1492, and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486, then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle 1432-1492
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham 1447-1512
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495
Thomas Bourchier -1492
Thomas Bourchier -1533.

On 20 Apr 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was buried at Altar, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 celebrated the mass. John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 attended. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 was chief mourner. John Savage 1444-1544 and Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 were pall-bearers.

Around 09 Jun 1483 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 informed a Council meeting that the coronation of Edward V King England 1470- could not proceed since he was illegitimate since his father's marriage to his mother Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 had been bigamous since Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had previously married Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 at which Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 presided. The only witness being Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491.

After 13 Jun 1483 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 was buried in North Aisle, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire next to Edward IV King England 1442-1483.

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation.. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 was present.

On 22 Jun 1483 Ralph Shaa -1484 preached the bastardy of Edward IV's children by Elizabeth Woodville, including Edward V, and were therefore ineligible to be King, at St Paul's Cross.

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485. William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483).Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-. Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 to their rightful inheritance.

15th Century

The 15th Century[Events] commenced with the Epiphany Rising; an attempt to restore Richard II to throne. Its failure resulted in Richard's death, as well as that of its leaders including Richard's half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400.
When Henry V King England 1386-1422 succeeded in 1413 he re-started the Hundred Years War. The Battle of Agincourt the English apogee. Thereafter Joan of Arc's one-year campaign re-invigorated the French and saw the gradual decline of English possessions and influence, and its last battle, the Battle of Castillon, in 1453.
When the English stopped fighting the French they started fighting each other.
The Wars of the Roses started around 1450 and ended in 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth (arguably 1487 Battle of Stoke Field), and the subsequent succession to the English Crown of the Tudor Family. The traditional Lancaster vs York more acccurately a first war between the Lancaster and Beaufort fanmilies against the York and Neville families, and a second war between Lancaster and Neville families against York.
The first war of the Wars of the Roses from Jan 1460 to Mar 1461 saw the only remaining member of the House of Lancaster Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 supported by his legitmised cousins the Beauforts against the House of York supported by the Neville family, in particular, Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 and his brother John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471.
After Edward IV succeeded in 1461 the York and Neville families started fighting each other. Edward's marriage to Elizabeth Woodville a catastrophe. Kingmaker had been negotiating for Edward to marry a French Princess. The increasing influence of the Woodville family resulted in a corresponding descrease in the Kingmaker's influence. The second war of the Wars of the Roses from Mar 1470 to May 1471 saw Edward IV against an unlikely Lancaster-Neville alliance.
When Edward IV's died in 1483 his youngest brother Richard III King England 1452-1485 succeeded. Edward IV's sons were barred from the succession as a consequence of their being illegitimate as a consequence of Edward IV's having married previously. It all hinges whether you believe Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 was telling the truth when he told Richard III King England 1452-1485 he conducted the earlier marriage. The middle brother George Duke of Clarence's son Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 was also barred from the succession as a result of his father's attainer. Richard's short reign of two years and two months ended at the Battle of Bosworth where the victorious Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 succeeded to the English throne.

Arthur York 1st Viscount Lisle -1542 was born to Edward IV King England 1442-1483 and Elizabeth Waite

Ancestry

Father: Richard 3rd Duke York Prince Wales

GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge

Great GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York

Great Great GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York

GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge

Mother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland

Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby

Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster

Great Great GrandFather: Edward III King England

Great Great GrandMother: Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster