Biography of Edward II King England

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Edward_II_King_England_1284-1327

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

John "Lackland" I King England

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 13 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 5 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 3 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France

Timeline

On 25 Apr 1284 Edward II King England 1284-1327 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 at Caernarfon Castle, Caernarfon, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales

Around 1305 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 assigned to the household of the young (future) Edward II King England 1284-1327

On 26 Feb 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 exiled by Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 for being Edward II King England 1284-1327 's favourite

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward II King England 1284-1327 succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 06 Aug 1307 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. Dumfries.To the treasurer REF(TH0$CC$1969) and the barons of the Exchequer REF(TH0$CC$3826).Order to discharge the Abbot of Hayles of 50l.Yearly, which he used to pay for the town of Leechelade REF(PL0$CC$3644) to the late Edmund REF(PE$CC$14906) earl of Cornwall, and, after his death, to the late King, the king having granted the earldom of Cornwall REF(TH00$CC$398) and all the lands of the said Edmund to Peter de Gavaston REF(PE$CC$15151), knight.
To the like favour of Michael de Meldon for 4 marks annually for his lands in Worton.

On 06 Aug 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 was appointed 1st Earl Cornwall (5C 1307) by Edward II King England 1284-1327 to the shock of the nobility; Earl Cornwall usually reserved for the heir.The earldom gave Gaveston substantial landholdings over great parts of England, to the value of £4,000 a year. These possessions consisted of most of Cornwall, as well as parts of Devonshire in the south-west, land in Berkshire and Oxfordshire centred on the honour of Wallingford, most of the eastern part of Lincolnshire, and the honour of Knaresborough in Yorkshire, with the territories that belonged to it..

On 02 Nov 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 and Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester -1342 were married. Arranged by Edward II King England 1284-1327. Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester -1342 grand-daughter of Edward I through his daughter Joan and, as such, significantly higher than Gaveston in the nobility..

On 02 Dec 1307 Edward II King England 1284-1327 held a tournament to celebrate Piers Gaveston's recent wedding. Gaveston took the opportunity to humiliate the older nobility including John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey 1286-1347, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 further increasing his unpopularity..

After 02 Dec 1307 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 exiled as a result of the nobilty forcing Edward II King England 1284-1327 to do so

On 12 Dec 1307 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. Westminster.To John de Brittania John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 , earl of Richmond, [keeper] of Scotland.Order to restore to Aymer de Valencia REF(PE$CC$33116), earl of Pemrbrok, his lands, etc., in the counties of Sellekyrk Selkirkshire and Twedale and in the forest of Sellekyrk, which he has seized into the king's hands because the men and tenants of the same had late traitoroursly adhered to Robert de Brus REF(PE$CC$17023), the king's enemy and rebel.

On 08 Jan 1308 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327 To the Sheriff of Leicester.Order to cause a coroner for that county to be elected in place of John de Noveray, of Burton, lately elected in the late King's reign, who is insufficiently qualified.
Memorandum, that on Sunday before the Feast of St Vincent the Martyr [22 Jan], at Dover, Kent in the King's chamber in the Priory of St Martin, Dover, Kent, in the evening (crepsusculo noctis), in the presence of William Inge, knight, William de Melton and Adam de Osgoodby, clerks, John Langton Bishop Chichester -1337, the King's Chancellor, delivered under his seal to the said King his great seal; and the King received the said seal in his own hands, and delivered it to Sir William Melton [William Melton Archbishop York -1340 to be carried with him in the wardrobe beyond sea; and the King straightaway delivered by his own hand another seal of his shortly before made anew at London for the government of the realm in the King's absence in a red bag (bursa) sealed with the seal of William Inge to the chancellor. With which seal the chancellor caused writs to be sealed, after the King's passage, in the hospital of Domus Dei, under the testimony of Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 then Keeper of the realm of England, on the Monday next following, on which day the King in the early morning (summo mane) passed the sea at Dover, Kent.

On 22 Jan 1308 Edward II King England 1284-1327 travelled at France

On 22 Jan 1308 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. Dover, Kent To the Sheriff of Kent.Order to provide 75 thousands of wood and 200 quarters of charcoal for the expenses of the King's household on his return from parts beyond the sea, so that he have at Dover, Kent against the King's return 25 thousands of wood and 30 quarters of coal, and at Canterbury, Kent 30 thousands of wood and 100 quarters of coal, and at Rochester, Kent (Rofham) 20 thousands of wood and 70 quarters of coal; to be delivered by indenture to John de Sumery, scullion (scutell') of the king's household, or such as supply his place.Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312.

On 22 Jan 1308 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. Dover, Kent.Robert Terry, of Whytefield, imprisoned at Northampton for the death of Galianus de Bek, has letters to the Sheriff of Nottingham to bail him until the first assize.Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312.

On 24 Jan 1308 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. Westminster.To John Sampson, contable of the king's castle of Scardeburgh REF(TH0$CC$2166).Order to permit Henry Percy REF(PE$CC$15260) and his consort and their household to dwell in the houses within the said castle, provided that the castle be safely guarded.

On 24 Jan 1308 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. Canterbury, Kent To the Sheriffs of London.Order to deliver John de la Dune, Roger de Hopton, Richard le Harpour, Roger de Soppewalle, Roger le Keu, Rober le Hunt, Thomas de Sydenham, Henry le Gardener, Thomas de la More, Philip Kemp, John le Wayt, and John le Wodeward, the men and servants of Adam de Kyngeshemede, in the King's prison of Newgate for a trespass committed by them upon the King's men at Westminster, from prison upon their finding sufficient mainpernors to have them before the King or his Lieutenant in the quinzaine of the Purification of St Mary to stand to right concerning the said trespass.Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312.

On 25 Jan 1308 Edward II King England 1284-1327 and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 were married at Boulogne-sur-Mer .

Boulogne Agreement

On 31 Jan 1308 a group of England's leading nobles signed the Boulogne Agreement that attempted to curtail King Edward's rule.The signatories included Antony Bek, Bishop of Durham and Patriarch of Jerusalem, John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey 1286-1347, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324, Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 and Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315

On 31 Jan 1308 Edward II King England 1284-1327 signed the Boulogne Agreement.

On 03 Feb 1308 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. Ewell, Surrey.To the Treasurer REF(TH0$CC$1969) and the Barons of the Exchequer REF(TH0$CC$3826).Whereas the king lately commanded them to put into execution all the writs of the late King pending in the exchequer, and although the late King commanded his treasurer and barons of the exchquer, at the supplication of the burgesses of Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, by his writ now in the exchequer, as the said burgesses assert, to allow them 1,000 marks in which the late king was bound to them for a loan in the time when John de Kirkeby was his treasurer, and 1,760l. for the arrears of the wages of divers men sent by them to the late King's command into Gascony for the expedition of this war and for remaining there for a great time, and also for 250l.which they expended, by the order of the late King, in the making of two galleys (galiarum) in the said town, and also 780l. for the wages of certain sailors and divers other costs expended by them at divers times for the expedition of the war in Scotland, to be allowed to them out of the debts owing by them to the said late King, as well as the tenth, eleventh, sixth, seventh, twentieth, and thirtieth granted by the community of the kingdom to the late King, as from other causes whatsoever; they are ordered to execute the said writs.Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312.

On 08 Feb 1308 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. Dover, Kent.To William Leyburne.Order to attend the king's coronation with his wife on Sunday next after the feat of St Valentine [14 Feb].[Foedera; Parl; Writs.]
The like to seventy others in various counties.

On 09 Feb 1308 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. Dover, Kent.To Alice REF(PE$CC$19457), late wife of Roger Bigod REF(PE0$CC$1173), earl of Norfolk and Marshall of England.Order to meet the king at Dover, Kent on his return from France with his consort about Sunday next after the feast of the Purification of St Mary [02 Feb].Witnessed by Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312.[Foedera; Parl; Writs.]
The like to:
Elizabeth REF(PE$CC$14625), countess of Hereford and Essex.
Henry de Lancastre REF(PE$CC$14889)
Robert de Monte Alto
Almaric de Sancto Amando[Ibid]
To R REF(PE$CC$42209) Archbishop of Canterbury.Order to attend the king's coronaion on Sunday next after the feast of St Valentine [14 Feb] at Westminster, to execute what pertains to his office.[Foedera; Parl; Writs.]
To the sheriff of Surrey.Order to proclaim in market towns, etc., that no knight, esquire, or other shall, under pain of forfeiture, pressure to tourney or make jousts or bordices (torneare, justos seu burdseicas facere), or otherwise go armed at Croydon, Surrey or elsewhere before the king's coronation.[Foedera]

On 25 Feb 1308 Edward II King England 1284-1327 was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster by Henry Woodlock, Bishop Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 was crowned as Queen Consort England..
Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 carried the Royal Crown.
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 carried the Gilt Spurs.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 carried the Royal Sceptre.
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 carried the Royal Rod.
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.
Thomas Grey 1280-1344 and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 attended.

On 06 Mar 1308 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. Westminster.To Thomas de la Hide, late steward of Cornwall and sheriff of the same.Order to deliver to Peter de Gavaston REF(PE$CC$15151), knight, all the ferms, rents, and issues of the said County from Michaelmas last, and of the lands of the late Edmund REF(PE$CC$14906) earl of Cornwall, the king having granted to the said Peter the county of Cornwall, and all the lands of the said Edmund.[Foedera.]
The like to John de Tresimple, for the ferms, etc., of the manor, etc.
The like to Walter de Gloucester, escheator this side of Trent, for the ferms, etc., of the manors.

On 17 Mar 1308 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. Westminster.To John Sampson, contable of the king's castle of Scardeburgh REF(TH0$CC$2166).Order to permit Henry Percy REF(PE$CC$15260) and his consort and their household to dwell in the houses within the said castle, provided that the castle be safely guarded.

On 29 Sep 1308 (possibly 30th) in a Double Marriage de Clare siblings married de Burgh siblings at Waltham Abbey, Waltham, Essex in the presence of Edward II King England 1284-1327. John Burgh 1286-1313 and Elizabeth Clare Lady Verdun 1295-1360 were married John Burgh 1286-1313 and Elizabeth Clare Lady Verdun 1295-1360 were married

On 01 Aug 1309 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. Stamford, Lincolnshire.To the A85455.Order to proclaim in his full county [court] and elsewhere that no merchant or other, shall, under pain of forfeiture, carry armour, corn, meat, or other victuals to the king's enemies the Scots, who have brokern the truce, or communicate with them in any way.
To all like sheriffs in England.

On 16 Jan 1310 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. The Grove, Watford, Hertfordshire [?].To the Treasurer REF(TH0$CC$1969) and the Barons of the Exchequer REF(TH0$CC$3826).Order to discharge the Abbot of Hayles of 100l.yearly, the rent of the manor of Lychelad REF(PL0$CC$3644), as the King granted it to Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 and Margaret REF(PE$CC$16582) his wife.
To the same.Order to discharge the men of Wallingford, Oxfordshire of the ferm of that town from August 5 last, to Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 and Margaret REF(PE$CC$16582) his wife.

On 16 Jan 1310 Edward II 1307-1313. Edward II King England 1284-1327. Stamford, Lincolnshire.To the Sheriff of York REF(TH0$CC$2065).Order to proclaim that the king does not intend to change the money current in the Kingdom in the late King's time, as had been rumoured, and to forbid anyone from thinking little of it, whereby victuals and other necessaries may be sold more dearly.[Foedera].
The like to all the Sheriffs of England [Ibid].
Enrolment of deed of Peter de Gavaston REF(PE$CC$15151), knight, surrendering to the king the castle, manor, and honour of Knaresborough, Yorkshire, with the free chase of Knaresborough, and the manors of Routheclyve and Auldburgh, lately granted to him by the King for his lifetime.Witnesses: Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314, Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311, John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey 1286-1347, John de Brittania REF(PE$CC$22806), Earl of Richmond, Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314, Robert son of Walter, Robert son of Payn, William de Burford, William Inge.Dated at Stamford, Lincolnshire July 26, 3 Edward II.
Enrolment of like surrender by the said Peter REF(PE$CC$15151) of the county of Gaure and the castles of Talanon, Tantalon, and Mauleon, the provostships (preposituras) and Camparian(um) called 'la Cointal' and of the city of Bayonne, the manor of Erebafaveyra, Born, Comtad, Salmun, Dagenes, and the island of Oleron, and the lands of Marempne and of Lancras in Saintogne, and all rights, appurtenances, etc., etc., thereto pertaining to the king, which the king lately granted him for life.Witnesses as above.Dated August 4, 3 Edward II.
Memorandum, that this deed was delivered to the king in his chamber in the House of the Friars Preachers, Stamford, Lincolnshire at Stamford, by the hands of the said Peter REF(PE$CC$15151) and the king delivered the said deed to J his chancellor, to be enrolled in the chancery, and it was afterwards delivered to Ingelard de Warle, keeper of the King's Wardrobe to be kept in the king's wardrobe, but the king's charters that the said Peter hereof were not then restored.[CONTINUES]

Around 19 Mar 1311 the nobility attempt to constrain Edward II King England 1284-1327 by imposing a Council of Ordainers upon him.The Council included twenty-one signatories including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322
Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311
John Capet 5th Earl Richmond 1266-1334
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314, and
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324.

In Apr 1311 Parliament exiled Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312. Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 was appointed Lieutenant Ireland by Edward II King England 1284-1327 who immediately started to plot for his return..

On 13 Jan 1312 Edward II King England 1284-1327 and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 were reunited at Knaresborough Castle, Knaresborough, Yorkshire (probably)..

On 04 May 1312 Edward II King England 1284-1327 and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 were at Newcastle on Tyne Castle, Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland where they barely escaped a force led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314. Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 escaped to Scarborough, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire, Edward II King England 1284-1327 to York, Yorkshire..

On 12 Nov 1312 Edward III King England 1312-1377 was born to Edward II King England 1284-1327 and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

Battle of Bannockburn

On 24 Jun 1314 the Scottish army of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 including, James "Black" Douglas 1289-1330, heavily defeated the English army led by Edward II King England 1284-1327 at the Battle of Bannockburn .

On 02 Jan 1315 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 was buried at King's Langley Priory, King's Langley, Hertfordshire in a lavish ceremony some two and a half years after his murder.The ceremony was attended by Edward II King England 1284-1327 and his wife Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 as well as Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324, Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338, Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322, Hugh Despencer 2nd Baron Despencer 1308-1349 and his son Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1286-1326.

On 15 Aug 1316 John Plantagenet 1st Earl Cornwall 1316-1336 was born to Edward II King England 1284-1327 and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 at Eltham Palace, Eltham, Greenwich, Kent

On 18 Jun 1318 Eleanor Plantagenet 1318-1355 was born to Edward II King England 1284-1327 and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

On 05 Jul 1321 Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 was born to Edward II King England 1284-1327 and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Siege of Leeds Castle

In Oct 1321 Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 was returning from Canterbury, Kent to London.She sought accommodation at Leeds Castle, Kent which was under the protection of Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 the wife of Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322. Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 refused entry to the Queen killing around six of her retinue when they tried to force entry. Edward II King England 1284-1327 commenced the Siege of Leeds Castle.Once Edward II King England 1284-1327 gained possession of the castle, he had the garrison hanged from the battlements. Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333, her five children, and Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1287-1355, her nephew, were imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London.

Before May 1322 John Giffard 2nd Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1287-1322 was executed by Edward II King England 1284-1327 for being a rebel.

On 25 Jan 1327 Edward II King England 1284-1327 abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 03 Apr 1327 John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers 1290-1365 made one of the keepers of Edward II King England 1284-1327

On 03 Apr 1327 Thomas Rich Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1296-1361 made one of the keepers of Edward II King England 1284-1327

On 05 Apr 1327 Edward II King England 1284-1327 was imprisoned at Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire

On 21 Sep 1327 Edward II King England 1284-1327 was murdered at Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire.There is speculation as to the manner of his death, and as to whether he died at all.Some believe he may have lived the rest of his life in Europe..

After 21 Sep 1327 Edward II King England 1284-1327 was buried at Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire

Edward II King England 1284-1327 was appointed as Prince Wales

Adam Fitzroy Plantagenet was born to Edward II King England 1284-1327

Ancestry

Father: Edward "Longshanks" I King England

GrandFather: Henry III King England

Great GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England

Great Great GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

Great Great GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks

Great GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

Mother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England