Biography of Edward III King England

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: /France/Families/Anjou_aka_Plantagenet[Paternal].html#Edward_III_King_England_1312-1377

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England

John "Lackland" I King England

Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Edward III King England

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 14 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex

Kings England: Son of Edward II King England

Kings Scotland: Great x 6 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 4 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France

Timeline

On 12 Nov 1312 Edward III King England 1312-1377 was born to Edward II King England 1284-1327 and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire

On 25 Jan 1327 Edward III King England 1312-1377 succeeded III King England: Plantagenet Angevin

On 01 Feb 1327 Edward III King England 1312-1377 was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey, Westminster by Walter Reynolds, Archbishop Canterbury..

On 24 Jan 1328 Edward III King England 1312-1377 and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 were married at York Minster, York, Yorkshire .

On 31 May 1328 the Mortimer family leveraged their new status at a lavish ceremony that celebrated two marriages in Hereford, Herefordshire. Edward Plantagenet 1320-1334 and Beatrice Mortimer 1322-1383 were married. Laurence Hastings 1st Earl Pembroke 1319-1348 and Agnes Mortimer 1317-1368 were married. Edward III King England 1312-1377 and his mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 attended as well as Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330..

On 19 Mar 1330 the King's uncle Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 was beheaded at Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire by a convicted latrine cleaner who was also facing the death penalty; no-one else would undertake the task. He had been convicted of plotting against the court believing his brother Edward II was still alive.It later emerged the plot had been created by Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 to entrap Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330. Edward III King England 1312-1377 was unable to show leniency risking complicity in the plot.

On 15 Jun 1330 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

On 19 Oct 1330 John Neville 1299-1335, William Eland, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361, William Clinton 1st Earl Huntingdon 1304-1354 and William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349, friends of Edward III King England 1312-1377 secretly entered

On 16 Jun 1332 Isabella Plantagenet 1332-1382 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

Battle of Halidon Hill

On 19 Jul 1333 Edward III King England 1312-1377 defeated the Scots army at the Battle of Halidon Hill near Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland.English archers, just as at the Battle of Dupplin Moor one year previously, had a significant impact on the massed ranks of Scottish schiltrons.Edward's army included: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338, who commanded the right wing, Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340, Robert Pierrepoint -1334, Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377, Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 and John Sully 1283-1388.One of the few English casualties was John Neville 1299-1333 who was killed.The Scottish army included David II King Scotland 1324-1371. Alexander Bruce -1333, Alan Stewart -1333, James Stewart 1276-1333, John Stewart -1333_0000017881, William Douglas 1st Earl Atholl -1333, Archibald Douglas 1297-1333, Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox -1333, Hugh Ross 4th Earl Ross 1296-1333 and Kenneth de Moravia Sutherland 4th Earl Sutherland -1333 who were all killed.

On 19 Dec 1333 Joan Plantagenet 1333-1348 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London

Battle of Culblean

On 30 Nov 1335 David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl 1309-1335 was killed at Culblean during the Battle of Culblean.Whilst small the battle had a significant impact insofar as it brought an end to the campaign of Edward III King England 1312-1377 also ending the aspirations to the Scottish throne of Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367.

Before 06 Jul 1336 Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 abducted Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349.She being the heir of the very wealthy Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 ; considerably more wealthy than Ralph. Edward III King England 1312-1377 was sympathetic despite the complaint of her father since Ralph had been one of Edward III King England 1312-1377 's key supporters during the plot to arrest Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330. Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349 's father was subsequently created Earl as a quid pro quo.

In 1337 Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 was created 1st Earl Gloucester (3C 1337) by Edward III King England 1312-1377 as compensation for his daughter Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349 having been abducted by Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372. Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester -1342 by marriage Earl Gloucester (3C 1337).

On 16 Feb 1337 William Plantagenet 1337-1337 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 at Hatfield, Yorkshire

On 29 Nov 1338 Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 at Antwerp

On 06 Mar 1340 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 at Ghent

Battle of Sluys

On 24 Jun 1340 Edward III King England 1312-1377 attacked the French fleet at anchor during the Battle of Sluys capturing more than 200 ships, killing around 18000 French.The English force included John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361, Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392, William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381, John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355, Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372, Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361, Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 and Richard Pembridge 1320-1375. Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer 1301-1340 died from wounds.

On 05 Jun 1341 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 at King's Langley, Hertfordshire

On 23 Apr 1344 Edward III King England 1312-1377 was appointed 0th Knight Garter: Founder

On 10 Oct 1344 Mary Plantagenet Duchess Brittany 1344-1361 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 at Bishop Waltham's Palace, Hampshire

Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

After 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester, 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 was buried at Hospital Chapel, Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire at a ceremony attended by Edward III King England 1312-1377 and his wife Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 during the Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

On 12 Jul 1346 Edward III King England 1312-1377 landed at La Hogue

On 20 Jul 1346 Margaret Plantagenet Countess Pembroke 1346-1361 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

Battle of Crecy

On 26 Aug 1346 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 defeated the French army at the Battle of Crecy.The English army was commanded by Edward III King England 1312-1377, his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376, Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 and John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360.
The English army was included: James Audley 1318-1369, Robert Bourchier 1st Baron Bourchier -1349, Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369, Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361, John Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Knayth 1280-1347, Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1309-1350, Richard Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Bolton 1327-1403, William Scrope 1325-1367, Stephen Scrope 1325-, William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381, John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355, Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1304-1360, Nicholas Longford 1288-1356, Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu -1361, Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375, Michael Poynings 2nd Baron Poynings 1318-1369, Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369, John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360, Thomas West 1312-1386, John Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Eresby 1303-1349, John Wingfield 1320-1361, Henry Percy 3rd Baron Percy 1321-1368, Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (possibly), Walter "Elder" Devereux 1309-1376, John Devereux 1302-1346, Enion Sais Brecon, John Chandos 1320-1369, Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 and John Sully 1283-1388.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 was wounded. Charles Valois Count Alençon 1297-1346, Louis Chatillon II Count Blois, I Count Chatillon -1346, Louis Dampierre II Count Nevers, I Count Flanders 1304-1346, William Guines 1313-1346 and his son Enguerrand Guines 1313-1346, John I King Bohemia 1296-1346 and Rudolph "Valiant" Metz I Duke Lorraine 1320-1346 were killed.

Battle of Winchelsea

On 29 Aug 1350 the English fleet defeated a Castilian fleet at Winchelsea, Sussex during the Battle of Winchelsea.Around twenty Castilian ships were captured; several were sunk.For the English Edward III King England 1312-1377 and his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376, James Audley 1318-1369, Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392, Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 and John Sully 1283-1388 fought.

In 1354 Henry Green -1369 was knighted by Edward III King England 1312-1377

On 07 Jan 1355 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 was born to Edward III King England 1312-1377 and Philippa Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

On 20 Jan 1356 Edward I King Scotland 1283-1367 surrendered his claim to the Scottish throne to Edward III King England 1312-1377 in the presence of William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 .

Black Monday Hailstorm

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of Edward III King England 1312-1377 were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386, William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361, Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361, Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 and Walter Mauny were present.Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. Edward III King England 1312-1377 believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Bretigny.
Guy Beauchamp -1360 died from injuries received during the Black Monday Hailstorm.

Treaty of Brétigny

On 24 Oct 1360 , three weeks after the Black Monday Hailstorm, Edward III King England 1312-1377 and John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364, and their eldest sons Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 and the future Charles V King France 1338-1380, ratified the Treaty of Brétigny at Calais. Louis Valois-Anjou I Duke Anjou 1339-1384 and John Valois 1st Duke Berry 1340-1416 were given as hostages. Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy 1342-1404 was ransomed.The treaty confirmed lands held by Edward III King England 1312-1377 including Aquitaine. John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 was ransomed for three million écus being released after the payment of the first third.

On 13 Nov 1362 Edward III King England 1312-1377 created his eldest two sons as Dukes. Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 was created 1st Duke Clarence (1C 1362). John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 was created 1st Duke Lancaster (2C 1362).

In 1363 Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 became a ward of Edward III King England 1312-1377

On 21 Jun 1377 Edward III King England 1312-1377 died of a stroke at Sheen Palace, Sheen, Richmond, Surrey.

After 21 Jun 1377 Edward III King England 1312-1377 was buried at St Edward the Confessor's Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey, Westminster

Nottingham Castle, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire through tunnels, met with Edward III King England 1312-1377, and arrested Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 and his son Geoffrey Mortimer 1309-1372 in the presence of Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 .

Ancestry

Father: Edward II King England

GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England

Great GrandFather: Henry III King England

Great Great GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England

Great Great GrandMother: Isabella Angouleme Queen Consort England

Great GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England

GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England

Mother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England